Intro to American Government/Political Science - Week One Notes, Professor Beckmann
Intro to American Government/Political Science - Week One Notes, Professor Beckmann Pol Sci 21A
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joyce Nguy on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Pol Sci 21A at University of California - Irvine taught by BECKMANN, M. in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 97 views. For similar materials see INTRO AMERICAN GOVT in Political Science at University of California - Irvine.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
Intro to Poli Sci 21A Professor Egan Week 1 92915 Why Government The Problems of Collective Action 1 The Problem of Collective Action a situations in which rational behavior on the part of individuals leads to outcomes that leave the group worse off i Three basic types 1 coordination problems 2 freerider problems 3 tragedy of the common problems 2 Coordination Problems a when each member of a group agrees on what it collectively wants and each is prepared to contribute but needs to coordinate with others i Ex when we re driving can we drive on either side of the road Yes but it has to be a collective decision so that people don t crash 3 Prisoner Dilemnas a arise when individuals who would be better off supporting a group agreement have incentives to not support 4 Free Rider Problem a occurs whenever individuals are tempted to withhold their contribution to the group s efforts b occurs when contributing i won t itself make a difference ii won t get you any extra benefit c Ex National defense 5 Tragedy of Commons a occurs whenever individuals are tempted to squander a collective good b occurs when exploiting good i won t itself make a difference ii benefits you regardless of what anyone else does c Ex when fishing you know it would be better to allow fish to reproduce so that you can have income for years But in competition you want to catch all the fish so that you might as well get it when you can 10115 Lecture 2 1 Government Does 2 Things to Solve Collective Action a provides a way of making decisions about our collective interest b provides a way of enforcing those decisions 2 Settling on Collective Agreements Making the Decision a vote majority rule b delegate to a representative c other stuff flip a coin take turns etc 3 Settling on Collective Agreements Enforcing the Decision a coercion prison torture death b selective incentives tickets taxes 4 Why Government a it d be great if people operating in simple selfinterest worked out b not the case Collective Actions Problems abound c citizens need to agree to give up some freedom for collective bene t d do this by ratifying Constitution e Gov makes enforces decisions 5 A Little History a many ancient societies run as monarchies under the idea of the divine rights of kings idea kings ruled because God picked them x ro h b British colonies enjoy locally elected officials courts economic organizations but agreed King ruled by divine right selfsufficient By 1760 s colonies were so selfsufficient that reliance and loyalty to King weakened King George III paying a ton to protect his colonies but his colonists did not give much in return 1754 Sugar Act 1765 Stamp Act 1773 Tea Act 1773 Boston Tea Party 1774 Coercive Acts 1776 Thomas Paine s Common Sense 6 The Coercive Acts AKA Intolerable Acts a Quartering Act 1765 required colonial authorities to offer barracks and supplies to British troops Boston Port Bill June 1 1774 closed port of Boston until damages from Tea Party paid c Admin of Justice Act 7 Thomas Paine s Common Sense a b c attacked notion of hereditary monarchy dismissed idea of working it out with England outlined economic benefits of independence d went platinum 8 Key Folks a Thomas Hobbes b John Locke c Jean Rousseau d Voltaire 9 Key Concepts a natural law b social contract 10 11 12 Social Contract a gov is legit when people turn over rights to it Natural Law a If God gives natural rights not to King all people are born with certain rights Declaration of Independence a written by Jefferson hafl from Franklin and Adams