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Psych 100 - Week 5

by: Tram Anh Ton Nu

Psych 100 - Week 5 PSYC

Tram Anh Ton Nu
GPA 3.7
Basic Concepts in Psychology
Dr. Renshaw

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About this Document

Basic Concepts in Psychology
Dr. Renshaw
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tram Anh Ton Nu on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC at George Mason University taught by Dr. Renshaw in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Basic Concepts in Psychology in Psychlogy at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 10/03/15
PSYCH 100 10 1 This week we covered memory 3 processes involved in memory Encoding actively putting things into memory Storage holding info in memory Retrieval recalling information Encoding 0 Being able to encode information into memory often requires attention 0 Different levels of processing ie ways of remembering things 0 Shallow basic ways eg simple repetition recognizing basic shapes I Does not last very long in memory 0 Deep richer ways eg mnemonic device knowing meaning of something categorizing o In order to make processing deeper we can 0 Elaborate on information eg linking it to other things in our memory 0 Create some detailed imagery related to the information Storaging 0 System model memory of sensory inputs stored brie y 0 Visual less than 1 sec auditory less than 3 sec 0 Shortterm memory 0 Information transferred from sensory o Requires attention to process 0 Small capacity approximately 7 plus or minus 2 chunks ie meaningful information o Lasts 2030 seconds if you don t refresh or rehearse 0 Longterm memory 0 Information elaborated and transferred from shortterm memory 0 Types of longterm memory I Explicit memories you are conscious of o Episodic events you experience 0 Semantic facts general knowledge I Implicit things you are not often conscious of 0 Procedural motor skills habits PSYCH 100 10 1 Ways we organize memory 0 Network activation model information are connected to each other 0 Node a piece of information in memory 0 Priming activation of one node makes a related node more accessible 39 Example thinking of the word school might trigger similar topics eg psychology class homework to appear 0 Schemas 0 Concepts and ideas that help to organize memory 0 They shape the way we experience and interpret things also helps us fill in missing information 0 When something violates our expectation either we remember it because it s really different or we don t process it Retrieval Things that in uence our retrieval of information o Primacy effect more likely to recall things we encounter at the beginning of a list 0 Recency effect more likely to recall things encountered at the end quotn Serial position curve Recency Simply helps explains the pr1macy and recency Effects ll ll u ll u u ll ll Serial po rtiom Von Restoraff effect we are more likely to remember novel unusual things When it comes to recalling or recognizing information recognizing is easier This is why multiple choice questions where you just have to know how to identify the correct answer is easier than free response questions where you have to come up with the answer on your own


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