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# PRINCIPLES OF CHEMISTRY II CHEM 1212

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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Edwardo Fadel I on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 1212 at Armstrong Atlantic State University taught by Jon Sanborn in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/217879/chem-1212-armstrong-atlantic-state-university in Chemistry at Armstrong Atlantic State University.

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Date Created: 10/03/15

Chemistry 1212 Study Guide for nal Exam 11 Chapter 11 Liquids Solids and Intermolecular forces a Review Intermolecular Forces 1 E 1 1112 4m0 r b Dispersion forces DipoleDipole Hydrogen Bonding IonDipole Surface Tension Viscosity Capillary Action c Vaporization and Vapor Pressure Dynamic Equilibrium 1 ClausiusClapeyron Equations AH 1 a lnP imp i ln vap R T J B P AHv b Inf2 78 i i Twopoint form P1 R T2 T1 d Critical Point e Fusion and Sublimation f Phase Diagrams g Intermolecular Forces and Water h Band Theory Crystalline Structures I recommend that you review your quizzes and try a couple of problems under each section of the Exercises 2 Chapter 12 Solutions a Solutions 1 Types 2 Solubility of substances 3 Entropy as it relates to solubility 4 Effects of intermolecular forces on solubility b Energetics of solution formation a AHsoln AHsolute AHsolvent AHmix endothermic endothermic exothermic 1 Heats of hydration See the relationships on pages 446 amp 447 2 Solution Equilibrium 3 Solution Concentration Methods 4 Gas as a solute Henry s Law 5 Colligative Properties a Freezing point depression and Boiling point elevation I recommend that you review your quizzes and try a couple of problems under each section of the Exercises Study Guide for Chapters 11 through 19 1 3 Chapter 13 Kinetics a Understand the rate laws b Concentration effects on reaction rates c Understand how to determine the reaction order of a reaction d Understand the integrated form of the rate laws 1st 2nd and zero e Understand the effects of temperature on reaction rates f Understand activation energy at least graphically g Understand the factors page 492 that affect activation energy 1 Temperature 2 Frequency a The collision model 3 Exponential 4 Reaction Mechanisms 5 Effects of catalysis h Be able to calculate halflife for 1st amp 2 d reaction orders I recommend that you review your quizzes and try a couple of problems under each section of the Exercises 4 Chapter 14 Chemical Equilibrium a Understand Dynamic Equilibrium b The Equilibrium Constant c Understand how to set up an equilibrium expression from a reaction d Understand the manipulation of Equilibrium constants Page 521 e Be able to calculate KP f Be able to calculate Kc using an ICE table g Be able to relate K and Q and understand the difference h Understand Le Chatelier s Principle and its effect on reactions i Understand the effects of temperature and pressure changes on equilibrium I recommend that you review your quizzes and try a couple of problems under each section of the Exercises 5 Chapter 15 Acids and Bases a now the definitions of acids and bases Arrhenius BronstedLowry Lewis b Understand K3 and how to express it c Understand autoionization of water and pH d Be able to calculate the H and pH of strong and weak acids e Review how to calculate the ionization of a weak acid page 573 f Be able to calculate the OH39 and pH of strong and weak acids g Review Section 158 AcidBase properties of Ions and Salts Page 577 h Review acid strength and structure Page 585 I recommend that you review your quizzes and try a couple of problems under each section of the Exercises Study Guide for Chapters 11 through 19 2 6 Chapter 16 Aqueous Ionic Equilibrium a BUFFERS 1 Be able to calculate the pH of a buffer solution 2 Know and how to use HendersonHasselbalch equation 3 Understand buffer range and capacity b Understand Titration 1 Strong acid Weak base titration curves 2 Weak acid Strong base titration curves 3 Strong acid Strong base titration curves c Understand what the equilibrium pH is for 1 2 amp 3 above d Have a general idea of the color indicator ranges page 624 e Review KSP and Molar Solubility f Review Ksp and Relative Solubility g Understand common ion effects on solubility h Be aware of KSP and precipitation effects i We had a homework problem on complex ion equilibria problem 93 Just review how to approach a problem like that I recommend that you review your quizzes and try a couple of problems under each section of the Exercises 7 Chapter 17 Free Energy and Thermodynamics a Understand the concept of Spontaneous and Nonspontaneous Processes b Understand Entropy c Understand Systems and Surroundings d Understand the temperature dependence of ASSm e Be able to calculate ASSm at constant T P f Understand Gibbs Free Energy and how to calculate g Be able to calculate ASORXN h Be able to calculate AGORXN i Be able to relate AGRXN to to nonstandard conditions Q j Be able to calculate AGORXN to K I recommend that you review your quizzes and try a couple of problems under each section of the Exercises 8 Chapter 18 Electrochemistry a Know how to balance REDOX reactions in acid and base b Understand Oxidation states c Understand what Voltaic vs Electrochemical Cell are d Understand Standard Electrode Potentials e Be able to calculate Cell potentials using standard electrode potentials f Be able to predict spontaneity of REDOX reactions g Know the Nernst equation and how to use it h Be able to relate cell potential and K i Be able to relate cell potential and Q j Be able to calculate an electrolysis pages 706 and 707 problem See Example 189 on page 707 Study Guide for Chapters 11 through 19 3 9 Chapter 19 Radioactivity and Nuclear Chemistry a Understand and know the 5 types of radioactive decay b Be able to explain why each decay type occurs c Understand how one can predict the types of radioactivity d Understand in general not each step radioactive decay series ie 238U to 206Pb e Know that radioactive decay is first order f Be able to calculate the halflife t12 for a radioactive element g Understand radiocarbon dating 14C and UPb h Understand ssion and fusion differences i Be able to convert mass to energy j Understand Mass defect and nuclear binding energy k In general understand how radiation affects living beings Study Guide for Chapters 11 through 19 4 2 3 4 s 6 Chemistry 1211 Study Guide Study Guide for Chemistry 1211 Lecture 1022010 Slide Shows to Review all are on Vista a Chapter 4 Stoichiometryppt b Solution Concentration and Stoichiometryppt c Percent yieldppt d Ch 5 Gasesppt up to Kinetic Theory of Gases Your Class Notes Tro s Text Book and Problems Areas of focus a Determining the limiting reactant b Percentage yield c Ionization of compounds d Electrolytes and non electrolytes e Molarity of solutions calculate them 1 Dilution Calculations MlVl M2V2 g Gases a Boyle s Law b Charles Law c Gay Lussac s Law d Avagadro s Law e Combined Gas Law 1 Ideal Gas Law g Gas Stoichiometry h Dalton s Law of Partial Pressures h Solubility of compounds resulting in reactions i Complete and Net Ionic Equations j Redox Reactions I will provide with the exam a All General equations b The Solubility Chart in the slide show c The Redox Chart in the slide show The above should prepare you for the exam We will discuss this a bit more in class on Wednesday Dr Sanborn 542011

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