Traditions in World Lit
Traditions in World Lit ENGL 2030
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jayme Fahey Jr. on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 2030 at Austin Peay State University taught by Arthur Eaves in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see /class/217892/engl-2030-austin-peay-state-university in Foreign Language at Austin Peay State University.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
English Midterm Study Guide 0 Argus Odysseus dog 0 Athena Daughter of Zeus and goddess of wisdom purposeful battle and the womanly arts 0 Brahmin priest o Eumaeus The loyal shepherd o Eurycleia The aged and loyal servant who nursed Odysseus and Telemachus o Govinda Siddhartha s best friend and sometimes his follower o Humbaba The fearsome demon who guards the Cedar Forest forbidden to mortals 0 India area in which Siddhartha took place southern Asia 0 Iran western Asia 0 Iraq area in which Gilgamesh took place western Asia 0 Ishtar The goddess of love and fertility as well as the goddess of war 0 Kamala A courtesan who instructs Siddhartha in the art of physical love 0 Laertes Odysseus s aging father who resides on a farm in Ithaca o Menelaus King of Sparta brother of Agamemnon and husband of Helen he helped lead the Greeks in the Trojan War 0 Om placed at the beginning of most Hindu texts as a sacred incantation o Orestes son of Agommenon killed his mother and her lover 0 Penelope Wife of Odysseus and mother of Telemachus o Phaeacia Nausikaa King Alkinoo39s send Odyessus home 0 Polyphemus One of the Cyclopes uncivilized oneeyed giants whose island Odysseus comes to soon after leaving Troy 0 Poseiden God of the sea As the suitors are Odysseus s mortal antagonists Poseidon is his divine antagonist He despises Odysseus for blinding his son the Cyclops Polyphemus and constantly hampers his journey home 0 Samana A group of traveling ascetics who believe that a life of deprivation and wandering is the path to selfactualization o Siduri The goddess of winemaking and brewing Siduri is the veiled tavern keeper who comforts Gilgamesh and who though she knows his quest is futile helps him on his way to Utnapishtim o Telemachus Odysseus s son 0 Uruk the capital city of Gilgamesh o Utanapishtum A king and priest of Shurrupak whose name translates as llHe Who Saw Lifequot By the god Ea s connivance Utnapishtim survived the great deluge that almost destroyed all life on Earth by building a great boat that carried him his family and one of every living creature to safety The gods granted eternal life to him and his wife 0 Achilles Greek hero of the Trojan War Book 6 How Odvsseus Appealed to Nausicaa and She brought him to her father s house Athena is in Scheria a Phaiacian town She tells the King s daughter Nausicaa to get up and start making stuff for her future wedding She wakes and is excited of the dream Nausicaa and her ladies go and wash the clothes bathe and have fun Athena wakes up Odysessus to make him see the girl He scares all of them except Nausicaa They talk and he bathes She invites him to her home He does not want to walk in with her to prevent gossip so he ll go in alone He prays to Athena and she hears him Book 10 The Island of the Winds the Land of the 39J 39 Sun39 Circe Odysseus gets to the Island ofAiolia Aiolia has 12 kids 6 boys and 6 girls who marry each other He stayed a month Odysseus asked him for help before he left Aiolia consented and gave him a bag of wind He also made the winds blow so no rowing was needed On the 10th day of sailing they saw homeland Odysseus fell asleep and his crew thought there were riches in the bag So they opened it The wind blew them away from their homeland and back to Aiolia They went ashore ate then to Aiolia s home Aiolia turned him out of his house saying he was cursed They rowed away and on the 7th day came to the stronghold of Lamos Laistrygonian Telepylos They went ashore and talked to the daughter of Laistrygonian who showed them to her home Laistrygonian grabbed a man to eat for supper Men got away and the giants threw boulders at them Odysseus s ship was the only one to get away They reached Aiaia next where Circe terrible goddess wlovely hair lived They went ashore On the 3rd day Odysseus went and looked upon Circe s home but decided to go back to his men first before going inside A stag came in his path He killed it and they feasted Next morning they split into 2 groups One group went to Circe s house It was surrounded by beasts that acted like happy dogs Everyone went in except Eurylochos She gave them drugged food to forget their homeland and tap their heads turning them into pigs Eurylochos came back and told Odysseus He went to the home but was stopped by Hermes and given a charm to stop her spell He told Odysseus to pretend he was drugged then draw out his sword and threaten her So he did and she asked him to sleep with her He made her swear to never do evil against him She bathed him and they sat down to eat but he would not till his friends were okayShe changed them back and she asked them to stay and to put their stuff in a cave They all feasted bathed and stayed for a year When everyone was homesick Odysseus asked Circe to help but they would have to complete a task f1rst She asked him to go to Hades and get directions from Teiresias The North wind would take them He would have to sacrifice animals to get the man to tell him The crew was sad by the news but agreed to go Circe gave them the animals needed