Introduction to Music
Introduction to Music MUS 1220
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maudie Muller on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUS 1220 at Baylor University taught by Daniel Farris in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see /class/217901/mus-1220-baylor-university in Music at Baylor University.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
MUS 1220 Review Big C Historical period Little c Overarching genre Comic Opera ltalian comic operas Wolfgang Mozart was child prodigy Wrote quotThe marriage of Figaro Joseph Hayden was a freelance musician Wrote quotThe lakequot Numbers Opera Old form 17m century Song and Drama are separated Mozart Music Drama More integrated than numbers opera Close relationship between music and stage Orchestra plays continually Strives for more dramatic realism Verdi 8 Wagner Oratorio Like opera but not fully staged Written as concert pieces Similar to numbers opera with recitatives and arias Handles quotMessiahquot amp Mendelssohn s quotElijahquot Recitative Singing ordinary speech Aria long song accompanying solo voice here Repetition forms Strophic Modified Strophic Theme and Variation Return Based Forms Ternary Rondo Sonata Symphonic Sonata form Known as the first movement form Intro gtExpositiongtDevelopment gt Recapitalizationgtoda 12 Tone Composers all 12 notes of the chromatic scale are sounded as often as one another in a piece of music while preventing the emphasis of any Arnold Schoenberg Webam Berg Texture How many different things going on Monophonic One note at a time Polyphonic More than one melody at a time Homophonic Melody and harmony move together Melody amp Accompaniment Melody stands out Accompaniment moves independently Duple Meter 2 or 4 BPM Upbeat fills the cracks Triple Meter 3 BPM Dance genre nobility Compound Meter Each beat can be broken into 3 notes Conjunct Melody Notes played in scale stepwise motion Disjunct Melody Intervals between notes are more than one second long Major A scale is a list of all the notes in a key Major scales all follow the same interval pattern Minor The interval pattern for minor scales is different from that of major scales Every minor key shares a key signature with its relative major There are three common types of minor scales natural minor melodic minor and harmonic minor Jazz also commonly uses a quotdorian minorquot Consonance Notes that sound good together when played at the same time Dissonance Sound harsh or unpleasant when played at the same time Staccato Short detached notes Legato Long and connected notes Motive Short melodic fragments Popular In classical and Romantic periods Mozart Open Phrasing Sounds unfinished Closed Phrasing Sounds final Three main vocal Registers Chest voice head voice middle voice Exposition 1St theme Tonic KeyTransition 2quot them Dominant KeyClosing section Development Free expansion of material from exposition modulation to a variety of keys Retransition leading back to Recapitalization 1st theme tonic keyTransition rewritten2nd theme tonic keyClosing section Functional Harmony chords evolving around the tonic pillars Hugo Riemann Basso Continuo Form of musical accompaniment Lieder BLAH BLAH BLAH BULLSHIT FILL IN Vocal Timbre s From highest to lowest Soprano gtAltogtTenorgtBass Expression Period Baroque and Romantic music Beauty Period Classical and Modern music Classical Composers Hayden Mozart Beethoven Baroque Composers Bach Vivaldi Romantic Composer Oiopin Berlioz Stravinsky Dvorak Semantic The meaning or sense of a text Poetry and music are expressive arts Use of text painting Phonetic Not connected with literal meaning Words and their sounds Syntax Follows linguistic principles Word order can be exti ernely expressive Often repeats Text painting writing music that reflects the literal meaning of a song For example ascending scales would accompany lyrics about going up slow dark music would accompany lyrics about death Polytextuality Use of more than one text Timbre SoundPitchVolume Fugue quotthe subjectquot Presented in each voice Tossed around Fragmented Developed Chromaticism Filling in the crack ofa scale Effects how melody is harmonized llEmancipation of Dissonance Program Music Music narrates a story predetermined storyline usually listed in the program EX Smetana sarka Strauss Don Quixote Berlioz Symphony Fantastiaue Absolute Music Not explicitly quotaboutquot anything no references to story no extramusical material EX Chopin Ballade in G minor Beethoven Symphony No 5 Mozart Gran Partita Musical Identification Each individual can assign a different meaning Gender differences
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