Development of Individual and Family Relationships
Development of Individual and Family Relationships FCS 1315
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1 H x 0 Consider the quote a 4 NA 0 Y Ix 1 quotHow a family functions on the quot151098 L 39 more important thanhowit looks 0 i from the outside Coontz i Agree or disagree 3 r I quotK quot a F 4quot 39Om has wifIAT IS FAMILY a 6 Is quotthe familyquot truly worseor cqjuld it be ihat We are much more aware of familygpr39oblem today We have higher standards for parenting and Marriag39e r i e We deSIre to see Improvement In our family relatlonshlps j if i u H Coon QQj I t 0 United States Census Bureau definitions Family two or more people39related by birthmarriage or adoption residing in the same unit gquot HoUsehold all people who occupy aehhousing unit regardless of a relationship 1 Your concept of family is based on your own unique situation and experience 391 a 0 Affiliated kin are unrelatedconsanguinityi individuals who feel and are treated as though are relatives 39 Affiliated kin might include V 0 Boyfriend Girlfriend 0 Best Friend 0 Neighbors r Godchild Godparents 0 Pets Emotional ties are often more important than blood orgy 39 legal ties in defining family J r KJ 39 sgt w Waxy isso FH 39 MarriedCoupled with 7 J Children If 43 l Other Families I People Living Alone 1 i i Nonfamily Household I MarriedCouples without Children 39 r as agt aw 39 1 was 1 3911 st as 2 RIEAN FAMIEy 1O39D J THE FAMILY I i Changing Family Landscaibes l l 0 Nuclear Family biologically related parents child ren 9 In 2005 accounted for 46 of families r 39 ll l I 39 I l 0 Extended Family includes multiple generations Iilving I under same roof Accounted for 6 of families in 2005 l A 39 L t i quot 39 0 SingleParent Family headed either by single female or single male Accounted for 28 of families in 2005 0 Stepfamilies includes biological parent and stepparentstepsibiIings Accoiunted for 16 of families m A 13 41 a A m 1 Lemaitm 39 2 quot v hm L Z A 39 THE FAMILY 7 V 4 Changing Family Landscapes f 0 Other 4 of family types include ChildessChildfree Coupleswlho choose not td or are unable to have children Cohabitating couples who live in the same 1 residence but are unmarried j Gay and Lesbian couples ofth e same gender Who live in the same household 4 FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY i J h 0 Families serve 41primary functions l3 Provide a source of intimate relationships f 0 Intimacy is a primary human need ii hpacts physical and mental wellbeing 39 39 erve as a unit of economic cooperation and Consumption 39 0 Includes unpaid tasks such as childcare house maintenance etc AENCTIONSYOF i HE FKIVII39IZY 0 Families serve 41primary functions J May Produce and socialize children f 0 Shape future generations and providagopportunity to reproduce society 39 quot 39 Assign social roles and status to individuals 0 Have certain roles in our family of origin and evolved rqes i7 in our family of procreationcohabitation 3 ext 3 VI WPOINTs or THE 39l CA MfiLY it 0 Glass HalfEmpty Conservative View bints V e1 h 7 v E W rv v 0 53 7 quotCultu ral values have shifted from individual self A sacrifice toward personal selffulfillment Tend to be pessimistic about todayfis family 2 t 0 Believe families today are weaker and less able to me e it needs of family members L 1 Interventions include repealing of nofault divorce laws introduction of covenant marriages g JV 3 VI w A MiLY 0 Glass HalfFullLiberalfyViewpoints R s quotThe changes in family p atteg rnsareijust that 4 changes not signs of familial decline 39 Tend to be optimistic about today sV tamily 0 Believe families adapt according to changes in economic and social structures around them i i 0 Interventions include emphasis on economic wellbeing I most important for families 39 EWPOINTs OF THE itMiva 0 Centrist Viewpoints x are quot quotBelieve familial changes have had negative consequences but identify Wider sdcial changes as major determinants of the changefl a 39 0 They emphasize the importanceof c itural values 0 Identifyi ng VIeWpOI t u 1 0 1 UI a Du m AI W S a B J H 3 U Miller R S amp Perlman D 2009 Intimate relationships 5th ed Boston McGraw Hill Publishing i v StrongxB DeVa ult C amp Cohen T F 2008 iiquot 7he marriage and family experience Intimate relationships in a changing society Belmont CA Wadsworth Cengage Welr cth J 2007 Family life now A conversation about i marriages families and relationships New York Pearson Education i DEVELOPMENT OF INDIVIDUAL AND FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Exam One Specs III Covers material from the first 4 weeks of class quot Will cover lecture material inclass activities and corresponding sections of chapters see syllabus for reading assignments III Includes mostly obiective testing may include some subiective 7 Obiective will include multiple choice truefalse Subiective will include short answer 1 Approximately 40 50 questions worth 100 points History of the American Family l III Colonial Era quot Short life expectancy high mortality rates Stepfamily one of the most common family type u Wife children were economic benefit to family u Families and marriages were pragmatic rather than romantic r39 Land was precious commodity source of power and control Belief in inherent evil of children Characteristics of diversity Slave families and Native American families History of the American Family El Industrial Era III Shift to oneincome families D Young Adults exercised more choice over romantic mate I Fertility rote drop I Rise in breodwinnerhomemoker model I New concepts of children as innocent History of the American Family El Modern Era E Shift to the companionate family form E Great Depression impacts on gender roles D Women s employment during the 2 World Wars III Aspects of the 1950 s family and societallevel changes that caused it History of the American Family El Key Terms amp Concest I Patriarchy E1 Traveling rimequot E New Deal E White Flight Family Life Now III What is a family I Official definitions Types of family systems and structures I Single parent Stepfamily ChildlessChildfree Ethnic Cohabitating GayLesbian 1 The 4 Primary Functions of the Family I Intimacy economic cooperation children social roles El Viewpoints Of the Family on powerpoint slides I Conservative Liberal and Centrist viewpoints Family Life Now El Key Terms II Affiliated kin Family Contexts III The Ecological Model I Urie Bronfenbrenner late 1970s I The 6 systems individual micro meso exo macro chrono 1 Human Life Cycle and Development I The Individual Life Cycle the Family Life Cycle El Contemporary families I Characteristics of ethnically diverse families Family Contexts El Family Economics I Families and Poverty I Family income StayatHome parents Oneincome Families Dual earner families I Characteristics of traditional male workers l Reasons for women entering the workforce Famin Contexts El Key Terms I Normative onol nonnormative events I Ontime onol offtime events I Socioeconomic Status I Duol coreer both are working in or professional capacity versus Duol income both are working to bring in on income I Absolute and relative poverty l Generotionol and situational poverty I Feminizotion of poverty Communication II Communication is bidirectional and transactional El Nonverbal Communication functions include transmission of emotions interpersonal attitudes and ongoing interactions Communication III Family Systems Theory I Interconnected and interdependent Systems affect each other I Holistic Consider the entire system I Established Boundaries flow of information Closed versus open boundaries Healthy boundaries I Maintain Balance it Key term Homeostasis References List Annotated Bibliography Summary WWW Abstract What is an introduction Short objective descriptiOn of your selected topic 0 300 to 500 word maximUm In the abstract you should 0 Identify your topic 0 Briefly discuss some factors aJSiSbQiaitzedFWithLWe References Page What is a references page A listing of the 6 scholarly articles you are using for your annotated bibliography 0 Articles should be from a scholarly source NOT a magazine or website Does it have subheadings that say quotmethods1 quotfpartioiipa39ntsf data analysis and l discussion If hotitquot is pzrcibasloil7yholi apphophiaiteg for this assignment 39 Articles should be published withinth pastmyeairsa These should be in APAh satyl39eforimal ting Annotated Bibliography 0 What is an annotated bibliography The annotated bibliography should be a collection of 6 articles relevant to your chosen topic An annotated bibliography provides short each source gt 0 Why did they do the study 0 Who participated in the study 0 What were the results o What is a summary The summary should be written like the conclusion of a paper 0 Include the key points found lin the articles read for the annotated bibliography Consider collectively what do heartlcl39egs abozutjyourfgopiig Writing Style 0 References APA Formatting Use 1 for all margins Font options Fonts and font size Times New Roman 12 Paragraphs should be double spagedx APA WritingStyle Avoid the use of pronouns write in the third person Example quotThe study showed instead of I think APA uses a very formal style of writing Avoid contractions are not instead of aren t children instead of kids and other iinl Orma l speech APA References lin text citations At the end of the sentence Last Name Year 0 Approximately 45 of alli marriages end in divorce Welich 25007 Within the sentence Last Name Year 0 Welch 2007 discusses Use author s last name only do not tiin llusde z name APA References eferenc es page References are formatted by he naging indient Alphabetized by author s llast name When in doubt check OWL t psfor APAonliine APA References Needed information Author s names Date of publication Title of publication Journal name Volume Issue Page numbers APA References Example Frank D Fincham amp Steven R H Beach Marriage in the New Millenium A Decade in Review Published in 2010 by Journal of Marriage and Family Volume 72 Issue 3 Pages 630 649 Fincham F D amp Beach S R 2010 Marriage infthe millennium A decade in reviewJOUfnqufMarri ge39 and Family 723 630 649 APA Activity Author Last Name Author first initial Year Articile title Journal Title Volume Uissuet page numbers L E D O M L A K G 0 L 0 C E j Fam v mmmms TH 4 1 faquot 39 a 7 1 P11 Li co NTE XTS Tim3 lg FA MI g ECOLOGICAL MODEL Developed by Uri Bronfenbreiiner in 1979 W The Individual Impacted by biolegigcal and secial systems a Microsystem Directlyimpact the individual r 2 ill Mesosystem Interactions of microsystems 39 Exosystem Indirect impact on the individual Macrosystem Culturalsocietal values and beliefs 3 Chronosystem Historical perspectives The impact of the relations hip ismdirectional l v1 cu Ssiou Children and ivorce a l 4 The Individual Impacted biological amp social systems Microsystem Directly impact tne39 ndividual Mesosystem Interactions ofmicrosystems 5 Exosystem Indirect impact on the individual Macrosystem Culturalsocietal values and beliefs L Chronosystem Historical perspectives l n 4 Fam vgmmeams 1 n j LIFECYCLE PERSPECTIVE o The Individual a 0 Developmental tasks V Normative events Nonnormative events quot 397 Ontime events Offtime events L o 3 primary levels of mastery Cognitive Emotional 39 Relational 7 lquot quot 5 2 iWVJ EIN IVIDUA o The Individual 1 The quotHuman Life Cycle P f 0 7 primary cycles in human lif ffinfancy early childhood middle childhood adolescence early ll adulthood middle adulthood late adulthood quot cf 0 When do you think adolescence ends and eanly y adulthood begins 39 iv 39 l Theory of emerging adulthood W 39 AL quot 3 42 AEMILI o The Family 7 primary cycles in family life V pairingmarriage childbearing sch oolage 39 5 children families with adol39eSCent children familyK as quotlaunching ground middle years aging g 2 f7 What changes have you noticed in your family since entering college How is it different from when you were a child l x n 4 Fam vgmmeams 1 39 CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE I quot m39 i L LTAU RE o The Ethnic Composition of the Fafhil y According to the 2000 Censusfquot o 81 of families were White 0 13 of families were Black 39 o 4 of families were Asian I o 25 of families were other According to projections in 2050 0 072 of families will be White 0 15 of families will be Black 0 8 of families will be Asian 0 5 of families will be quototherx i39 0 African Ameri canVFamilieg 4 Often headed singrlepl i39xfenty mothers 9 0 Nearly 70 of births to unmarri39egqvblack wemen lf all ages we I homes l o 75 of black children eventually Feside in two parent 0 African American Families 1 c 4 Tend to have strong multi enerational ties E 0 One in three families is headed by elderly family member M 39 I r 0 9 of African American children live in some type of extended family 39 Z 0 Enjoy strong extended family supbjort 0 Allow family members to movein Family interactions and gettogethers httpwwwyoutubecomwatchjvVr12m2gP12Y FAMILIES AND CULTURE g o Latino Families I L i Account for3915 of the nation s population y g E 0 By 2020 Latino families are expected to accodnt for V2 of the nation s population growth 5 If 39 llll Nearly 50 of all Latino births a r eito unmarried women 3 0 About 66 of Latino children live in twoparent households 39 0 25 of children live in households with only mothers present 4 live in households with onlyil i fathers present 9 quot39 gtW sci 39 39 i I d51 Fk 39 1 a5 3 Illfl nglLlES AND CULTURE g o Latino Families I L 1 Place a high value on39con39c ept offamilismw E 0 Emphasizes importance of family i t i life interdependent relationships and importance It I of extended family I 39 0 Strong multigenerational ties 39 Support includes nonrelated kin 36 V chictive or affiliated kin such as p 39 godparents close friends neighbors church 39 39 k 1 More collaborative in nature g Hquot quotEMA quot 39 S P uzl F 11 1753 1x Cit 39 quot 39 quot3 1 far j miLiEs cut to 0 Asian American Families l 4 84 of Asian American cliinldren il ive with both 39 biological parents i 0 Strong collectivist beliefs Consider needs of extended family above needs of individual o Tend to be childcentric consider parentdhiId 1 relationship most important in family 9 0 Native American Families 4 Household Composition s E 0 Almost 50 are marriedcouple households 0 Almost 30 are nonfamily households nonfictive r kin A 39 7 Trace family ties through the mother women haie power because of their status as m bthers 3 StrOng spiritual beliefs and practicesldeeply rooted in tradition respect and reverence 0 Arab American Families 1 4 Strongvcultural and religi s ties culturaljiand religious beliefs dictate family d iamics 39 0 Twothirds practice Christianity onefourth prjactice Muslim faith quot 39 f 1 i FAMILIES AND CULTURE i 0 Arab American Families 1 L i Traditional family structure significant number of children live in nuclear family 39 pg 0 Focus on gender roles religious and cultural idealsm lll encourage traditional gender ro les 39 I 0 Women tend to be caretakers of children men tend I to be protectors and providers 4 j 5 Honor modesty and hIstorIcal values of Islam shape a 39 marriage and the family quot5 x1quot 5 3quot sx39qk c dz 2quot lt A 39 quot 39 4u 39539 Irv 0 r 0 9 J 33 H J 395 P k 11 N 39J39 x r gw FAM IL iES AND CULTURE 7 RV Miller R S amp Perlman D 2009 Intimate relationships 5th ed Boston McGraw Hill Publishing i v StrongxB DeVa ult C amp Cohen T F 2008 iiquot 7he marriage and family experience Intimate relationships in a changing society Belmont CA Wadsworth Cengage Welr cth J 2009 Family life now A conversation about i marriages families and relationships New York Pearson Education i Research in Family Studies lndlvldual and Family Rela OIIShlpDevelopment amw Reseamm swssm amw Reseamm swssm Famiy Research Refection 0 How does your intended professional field I influence the family system 0 How does the family influence your intended S professional field F J V v a esearch in Family Studies TUDYING THE FAMILY What are your Interests l 0 What are some issues or situations about quotthe family that puzzle you Our personal situations influence our interests and can help spur research Socla Science Research What is research To study thoroughly through the process of scholarly or scientific inquiry Goes beyond quotcommon thought or logic 0 Looks for facts and behaviors behind phenomenon Research Methods 0 Step One Choosing the Research Topic How do people choose their topics Personal passion or experience Current social problem Example Young Adults and Faith Finances Identifying and choosing variables The specific characteristics explored and measured in the study Example Faith religious practices and importance etc Finances debt accumulation financial stress 0 Correlations provide evidence of a relationship between two or more variables not causeand effect Research Methods 0 Step Two Creating the Research Question 39 What do you want to know about your topic Example How do young adult s religious practices affect their financial wellbeing i A E What personal beliefs affect your approach 3 Example Personal beliefs personal experiences Research Methods 0 Step Three Conceptualizing the Research I What does the literature say about your topic 0 What are the concepts discussed in the literature 0 What are the definitions uncovered by the research Example FaithSpirituality defined as church attendance subjective beliefs religious activitiesrites 3 N I Aspects of the Family Communication Conflict Gender Attachment Family Economics Sexual relationships Parenting Divorce Aging Attraction Dating Engagement Marriage ConceptionInfancy Cthhood Adolescence Aduhhood Family Stress Famiy Pm eet g 0 Select topic I 0 Write rough draft question 0 Identify 3 personal beliefs about the topic j x an M n I 2 2 J 1 7 j u s 31 y 7 K A A a 3 7 L El 1 Wmf may a 7 4101 wT aKa 39Tmew 60 5mm Maeam aw W W 044an a2 ValAX of awn05 WJWM hachew Mva mod m mw 5vm drumrim Maw V mmzle m 74m afm 39ww MWZ quotquot7724 vL Collonialll America Diverse Cultures New England Colonies 0 Emphasized patriarchy 0 Family was primary source of all needs Educational instruction Religious instruction Goods and materials production Child and agedinfirm caregiving Southern Colonies 0 Less emphasis on the family 0 Less rigid more interested in entertainment politics etc Collorniiiaili America 0 Marriage Marriages were pragmatic rather than romantic Parental approval was legally required in 8 of the 13 colonies Love came after marriage it was one s duty to love their spouse Average age of marriage in mid 20 s 0 Average length of marriage around 12 years Others report average marriage around 7 years An estimated onethird of marriages particularly in the Southern colonies occurred due to premarital pregnancy CQlllOrl lllalll America 0 Family Life Land was the most precious commodity 0 Father controlled the land thereby controlling the family Land titles passed on to children only after father s death Allowed for the dictation of marriage and expectations Family members were cocontributors 0 Family grew and produced items of need and sustenance 0 Cocontribution does not mean equality Father still seen as quothead of housequot 0 Women and children seen as economic benefit Collonilaill America 0 Family Life Women tended to have approximately 6 children 0 Consistently childbearing from the time they were married to age 40 0 High mortality rate for children 10 of infants died onethird died before age 10 Others suggest onefourth of children died before age 1 In Colonial America children were 0 Believed to be evil by nature 0 Regarded as small adults Engaged in adult work and play as early as 6 or 7 0 Often sent from the family between the ages of 7 and 12 to work as apprentices Colloiniaill America 0 Family Life Health considered extremely poor by today s standards Average life expectancy of approximately 45 years 0 Estimated onethird of all children lost both parents at an early age Stepfamilies extremely common due to spousal death Extended family systems common due to land ties Collonilalll America 0 African American Families Over 16 of American population in 17005 were Black slaves In certain colonies amounted to 40 of population Family included extended family and others considered quotfamilyquot 0 Slaves were not legally allowed to marry Men significantly outnumbered women 0 Children often separated from parents quotIt takes a village to raise a child Colloxrniiiaill America 0 Native American Families Approximately 13 of population were Native American 0 Some tribes were more matrilineal in structure and focus many were patrilineal Fathers and mothers cocontributors to family 0 Small families high child mortality rate They did not use corporal punishment often used example praise and shame Children began working at early age 0 Cared for elderly in the tribes Men responsible for mother itquot f m 1 WW4 74a owwvgw a w T a afif w I Zirmfwl 991739 w ma T waom Off ma of mamiaga awwwwngon ang mag WZoKwoal m loafLola WMwwaK f m gum WM nune M madMl 0102713 aa x aTAa feam quot TAaZLam39mg of ariasz Mf a Ma gazea M aoW owaZ a mw Mma ayaz z 0 Family Economics The economy started making the transition from family farms to urban factories 0 Goods were increasingly bought rather than made 0 Beginnings of family becoming a consumer unit rather than a production unit New divisions of labor 0 Men worked outside the home became identified as quotbreadwinnerquot Wages were disparate based on gender industrial America 0 Marriage Family went from being a work unit to an emotional unit Marriage gradually shifted to relationship of love and compatibility Women gained newfound power to choose marital mates 0 Mutual esteem friendship and confidence were ideals in mate selection 0 Concept first adopted by middle and upper classes lln udlusi atzrilaill America 0 Gender Middle class roles for women centered on two primary spheres motherhood and marriage 0 quotEconomic sense of homemaker role 0 Women made roughly onethird of men s wages 0 At home could make clothes grow gardens and prepare food etc to boost economic benefit 0 Between 1800 and 1900 50 drop in fertility rates By 1900 average of 3 children per family New focus childrearing as opposed to cthbea ng 0 Children A new belief in the innocence of children as opposed to innate evil 0 Protecting children from the world became new focus Adolescence gained its first concept 0 Remained in school until after midteens more dependent on parents Education shifted to the school setting as opposed to family setting 0 Advent of peer group importance Ilm udlustzr39iall America 0 African American families Under slavery families lacked autonomy and economic importance Marriages not legal separations common care relegated to owner provision unattainable More than half of all slave children lived lives separate from a father figure Following 1865 many former slaves legally married their spouses 0 quotTraveling time took place the first year or so after the war in the attempt to find displaced family members lln udlusi atzriaill America Immigrant families Over 38 million immigrant families came to America between 1820 and 1920 0 Came from a variety of backgrounds including Asian Latino and European countries 0 Sought ethnic neighborhoods in larger cities for kinship groups For immigrant families all members were still co contributors 0 Concept of breadwinnerhomemaker unattainable 0 Women often worked outside home children often worked in factories m Er EH mugl aTwy WowawoZTw 0m ow 39wuf 77w ooMMwngb 497177 750 arm W0 un tM awnowe mad WWW lw W5 Mme 974110 mMm YaWM mod ma MW ma r MJTMMWKM 71w 397quot Modem America Companionate Family Primary focus became meeting the emotional needs of the family Over time shifts would occur from selfsacrificing familism to selfcentered individualism 4 Features of Companionate Family 0 Men and women shared decisionmaking and household tasks 0 Marriages provided romance sexual fulfillment and emotional growth 0 Women were no longer expected to exercise sexual restraint 0 Children were encouraged to explore and experience the world rather than sheltered Modem Americal Family Economics and World Politics The family was greatly affected by the Great Depression World War I and World War II Great Depression 0 Unemployment went from 32 in 1929 to 236 in 1932 0 Family income dropped on average by 40 Spending modification wage earner increase pooling incomes kinship ties New Deal was significant ideological shift Government responsible for wellbeing of families Modem America 0 Gender in the Family Great Depression 0 Men no longer seen as sole providers Internalization of fault emotional turmoil leading to depression and suicide In 1939 80 of respondents in Ladies Home Journalagreed unemployed husband should help around the house 60 reported they would lose respect for men if their wives outearned them Modem Americal Gender in the Family World Wars I and II 0 Significant shift in women s employment for married middleclass women 0 Societal expectations and patriotism encouraged outside employment 0 Women received higher wages than in past different job opportunities Sense of selfesteem and gratification 0 Popular media encouraged women into and out of employment during and after World War 2 The moreW MEM at work the sagas we WIN quot gua Mgr ma 7439quot 11 H womm Aaa naampqu As nun mamas wmnrsscs rmmvus umums 1mm nus oh39ms mum 07mm munm smmom mu nmm mama39s wanez 7 7 V mthoIf frIW3khfl 7 SEE YO UR LOCAL 5 EMPLOYMEHT RVI CE I 7 Modem America 0 Family of the 19505 Youthful marriage high birthratemarriage rate low divorce rate breadwinnerhomemaker ideal Economics of the 19505 0 Created and sustained by economic growth of postWW2 society 0 By 1960s 60 of families could be sustained on one Income 0 Economic boom produced morejobs required less training 0 quotWhite Flight to suburbs due to increased housing and income suburbanization Modem America 0 Family of the 19505 Ideal family not realized by many in the 19505 0 The poor working class and racial minorities typically were not home owners nor with homemaker wivesmothers firms Coles R L 2005 A brief history of the American family In Race amp Family A StructuraApproach Thousand Oaks CA Sage Publications 39 Strong 8 DeVault C amp Cohen T F 2008 The marriage and family experience Intimate relationships in a changing society Belmont CA Wadsworth Welch K 2007 Family life now A conversation about marriages families and relationships Upper Saddle River NJ Pearson L E D O M L A K G 0 L 0 C E j Fam v mmmms TH 4 gtquot Lia K cUSsidN 39 Socioeconomi cs andthe Family l 4 The Individual Impacted biological amp social systems Microsystem Directly impact tne39 ndividual Mesosystem Interactions ofmicrosystems 5 Exosystem Indirect impact on the individual Macrosystem Culturalsocietal values and beliefs L Chronosystem Historical perspectives l x n 4 Fam vgmmeams 1 39 SO IAL CLASS amp THE FAMID 5 g an yamp w Filiplid Eco i uo 392 4 V Wm 1 5 Mi Economics 1 l 4 Socioeconomic Status SEg Thegtgovernment si measure of a family s relative ecgnomic and social ranking within a community 7 j ir 0 Factors that influence SESI i 39 Income wealthassets neighborhood education i 239 tc 7 quot E 1 2 C r y C S Luigi 3 MILY ECONO Economics gt 39 Lowerclass Families thos lmmprised of the working class unskilled laborers little edUeagtion 39 L 39 Middle Class Families range from loiNer middle clas teachers business professionals etc to upper middle class lawyers doctors upper management professi nals v M r llpperclass Families wealthiest of the community c a x 6 Economics 4 Social Class in Ameri a r 7 2 httpwwwvoutubecomw ChvnU5MtVM st a u an 39h i F am y symmeams M 8 N no I H 1 J V m M 5 L a gt m lg x j739 5 39 myquot FA MILY ECON J Stayat iiome Parents 1 l o 195 of US married39icioupl39 e families hquand g was sole breadwinner 2008 i 39 0 Estimated 56 million mOthers SAH 397 V Study with 7000 SAH mothers determined yearly income market value of 130000 SAH mothers work on averagei498 hours per Meek SAH mothers sleep on average 6 hours per night 0 Estimated 160000 fathers SAH 039 39 ECdiSI S Stayat iiome Parents 0 Traditional MaleWorlk y T Identity primarily comprised of ability to blring in income to support family quot39 q r Often seen as quotgood father and husband as long as he is able to bring in income x Work at home includes home maintenance Childcare and homecare seen as quothelpingquot wife not primary duties 39 cgtJIr 4quot 39 W e3rts 5 T I ma 4 a uni A a Car39le mud Ecoquot i ua EamerFam ies I 0 Over 70 of mothers worktoutside the home 43 in fulltime capacity oi r50 parttime 0 50 of dualearner families efxperience 5 m different work schedules 1 I I I More than 25 of women spend some nights anddirt f quotV weekends working 39 E i quot39 E 7 7 quot ca i N uaEamerFamii ies I o Reasonsforincreasel iln women s employment Increases in number of single mothers divolrce rates and birth rates 39 Increases in educational attainment Proemployment messages for women Better job opportunities Decline in men s wages buying power r it 1 quot zigj mam ECONOMICS 9 0 Time I g i 4 Time strainz39do 39not have39orspen39d enoughwtime in certain roles and relationships 39 i Gender differences in Time Strain f r l Fathers felt they did not spend enough time with M i children A I Mothers felt they had too little time for themselves 0 Women reported significant levels of distress when they felt they spent insufficient time with their spouse v 0 Women tend to report more psychological strain a 7 ygm quot 39 i 2 5 L J quot33quot i quot4 Ifquot M ILY EcoNoMics quot quot1 1 0 Famly Requirements r 4 Housework 39 0 83 of working women and working m T1 report performing h0usehold tasks 39 a Over past 40 years men s tim39 in childcare has tripled w Men s share of household tasks increased from 15 about onefifth to over 30 onethird over 30 years 1 l ECONOMICS 5 0 Time I l i Work spillover the effect39Z ivork has on individuals and If families in terms of time energygpgnd psy hoogifal if 0 Significant stressors at work have impacts at home I i fatigue illness depression ankiety substance alousegu 39 j 39 39 9 i I Familytowork Spillover the impact of family on 39 performance in the workplace 0 Making workrelated adjustments due to familial i 39 demands higher levelsof control in timequot schedulin g l quot V quotx 3 J an 1 V v 7 5 15quot Time I e 4 Role conflict competing contradictory or simultaneous role expectations 39 Role strain role demands connected to a particular I I status are contradictory or incompatible f 139 i t F Role overload role demands require us to do more than 39 We can adequately handle 39 5 39 Lu g J quotfwd quot LY ECoNoMi cs Re ector and iscussion 4 What are the different ral s youfind yourself in now I 3351 Where are the conflicts What mal s you fe l str ssed about your time quotquot O t 1 q in I L7 i m M A F E H I amp m E 0 P j Fam v mmmms 4 ECONOMICS 0 Poverty o Relative 39ver39Sus Generational versus Situatii nal I o Feminization of poverty 39 0 Working Poor RuralUrban Poor persistently poor v 2 vi J We 7 I quot 1 VJ 7 gitquot1 squot1quotTamp FAC39MIL ECdNOMICS quot g quotquotc Absoute Poverty 1 l l 4 Not having enough to coi ier basic necessities of life including food clothing and shelter 39 Faced with homelessness dangerous 39 surroundings hunger i Poverty rates set by government do not take into Consideration childcare health coverage etc 0 19000 20000 for a family of 4 based on food needs Miller R S amp Perlman D 2009 Intimate relationships 5th ed Boston McGraw Hill Publishing i v StrongxB DeVa ult C amp Cohen T F 2008 iiquot 7he marriage and family experience Intimate relationships in a changing society Belmont CA Wadsworth Cengage Welr cth J 2009 Family life now A conversation about i marriages families and relationships New York Pearson Education i Em v l x n 1 FAMILY COMMUNICATION a A O n A J w 0 1 UI J k 3 W ea 1 again I 39 What are some common barriers tohe althy famiy communiJCatiQ n v 39 bl quot 4 39IbN i x 439 quot51 i i 539 q gt CommunicatiOn is T 4 Bidirectional 39 H I 0 Includes two or more peoplefg ig l Rather than quotsender andreceiier f concept39ALL individuals are quotcommunicat arsquot 39 c Communicati On is 4Transactiona 39 H if I 0 Many factors affect communication Environment surroundings background etC Noise surroundings psychological physiological J V r r V m I y t 35th 27A 39 r Aquot 1 4quot f LI mequot A wageWWW gt 7 w 139 f N 3994 2quot m FQJ Cr 14 F Zg rYQiSiss OF Nonverbal Communication conveys the relationship aspect of the message 1 i Functions of Nonverbal Communication a 0 Convey interpersonal attitudes My Proximity and touch 4 l h39 4L E 1quot r y W 1 x quothm v111 i ii ani i u39 i quotquot 11 39V I 39 r V 16 2 5quot WKKTI TF UCT39 612 47 v quot 39 I Y PES 0 M U N ICATION i f I V relationship aspect of thejrnessage Nonverbal Communication conve 39ysthe Functions of Nonverbal Communication 0 Express emotions V w L quotELLA 4 If 5 frvPEs OF COMMU Nonverbal CO mmunication conv ewysthe relationship aspect of th P39rnessage Functions of Nonverbal Communication 39 0 Handling ongoing interaction r V R O E H I s M E I s Y S M A F 3 Fam vgwmmum cat m ia w F u th quot t Family Systems Theory g39I39 4 Key Concepts V y I 0 Interconnected and interdepegs39 rgi dent Systems affect each other 7 0 Holistic Consider the entire system 0 Established Boundaries flow ofinformation I Closed versus open boundaries quot Healthy boundaries 0 Maintain Balance Homeostasis 55 7 my uhHquot M r W C A39 ADAFFAEILI39F I39 a u vx UM ISL CC39H EEIGH 01mm FIEISLE 5TH UGTU HEB RIGID DEEHIBACED SEPARATE Carmamm Elm EsHEn 56min Mama Mltg 39 c quotE with mama Elman ED sigma MID HANG H ID HalICE EALch ED SALEM Elir mam damn35151 mm MIDRim E1 WEME 1 S s E C 0 R P N m T A K N U M M O C Hth T a 0 CommunicatiOn Rules I 4 What cannot39be talkedabou t What feelings are not allowed to be shared I s Who makes the decisions How is it discussed NAM 39 How might agegenerational diffgf nc39es affect family communiJCatiQh39 v m can t a m n M m m C PIP A quot 3 m l v r A p r s CFquot 39 v FZ39 Vivquot f 0 Communication role as the quotprobler solver and miquot quotadvice giver 39 a 39 i 39 f Opportunity to help and fix problems i Allows for greatest control and dominance Kiri 39 m l I Communication during relationship problems 3 v Give advice tell jokes change subject remain silent Messages tend to be ambiguous neutral and bent on resolving of ending theco nversation 5 l m htt www outubeco39m watchvXVZrMX8fRP if 1 s 7quot vquot124 15 sgt 2 39 a A mm CE KVQS V39 WW TWFCT39 1 a5 2quot f m 39 o 3939vquot 39 39 1 Pr y39 5 X 39ve i v3 t 0 Communication role as empathy giVEr and one who understandssupports a y 9n 91 Opportunity to connect with others 173 Allows for greatest cooperation and connection 5 If I cu I Communication during relationship problems 3 v Give sympathy provide empathy and Understanding Tend to send clearer messages positive or negative 1 messages set emotional tone for converSation 49 httplwwwyoutubecomwatchvsXF5CBTd Ys V Jr39 v 41 v 39V quot 2 5 V 39 c gitrq AT ON was y v yuan Sh SQMUNI I What topics do yog Q39thian39E r39e most diffiCult for cou lesfp discuss I 3439 toMMUNI 1 Relationship doubts Lack oFcommunication 2 Disrespectful Behavior 7 Inilawsand extended ami39ly 3 Extraimaritalintimacy issues 8 Confti sing behavior 4 Excessive displays ofanger 9 Criticism 4 39 5 Sexual interaction 10 Poor communication skills A 39 i g Kovll quotft0MMuN ICATIONJ IWRELKT 6NSHIPS DO 39 rea39w Understand how Ifeel abouwt this issue Selfawareness A w 0 39H w much can or should I share you at Selfdisclosure 0 Can I trust you with this informationtor feeling 39 Intimacy and trust atollIMUNI 0 Importance of Feedback Communication is shaped byS39eIf disclosure and feedback what you do with the Others selfdisclosurle Feedback options 5 j 0 Remaining silent r 0 Respond angrily 0 Remain indifferent 0 Acknowledge feelings v Wag COMM ESSs g4 0 Group Activity I L i 4 Nuclear family Stepfami ly Singleparentfamily Cohabitating couple Newlywedrjig ouple 39 0 How might the family strUCture affect the issues that confront the family system What are these issues 39 0 How might the family structure affect the communication of the family when confronted with these issues m cm t a m n M m m Cl PIP nggigATIo NS 0 Why does conflict occur 4 Role Expectations 7 i y I 0 Money Management Issues 39 0 Household Chores J y 0 Equity versus Equality 39 Connection and Autonomy P i 0 Sex 0 Daily Living 0 Personal habits and preferences RES OF c quotNFLICT oConstructive Conflict 0 Conflict Theory and Homeostasis Regulated Couples use communication and interactions to promote relationship intimacy Validating Couple Volatile Couple i i 0 Conflict Minimizing Couple t I h 39 According to Gottman it tqkes 5 positive f4 comments to offset 1 negatIVe comment in a 39 relationship wn w y 391 Co x 5 O Vs IYIJE 1quot t Constructive Conflict NonregUlated Couples navevdiffiCulty adjustinig to conflict within the relationshi i Criticism quotYouquot statements 397 g f I quot gt 0 Defensiveness Attack and Defend 39 i it 39 r 0 Contempt Disrespect and Hostility 39 I f 0 Stonewalling Ignore t Destructive COnflict Denial refuse to acknowledge anger Disqualification covers up feelings Displacement transfer anger onquotanother Disengagement distance fromlieach other l seudomutuality pretend to likegone another j i f rYEES Perpetual versus Solvable Probleins PerpetLial problems V 7 I 139 f 0 According to Gottmanv 1999 063 60 of couple conflict is due to perpetual problems 7 Solvable problems i quot 39 0 These problems still take a great deal of Interaction to ensu re the resolution of these issues 39 an s V madman 8n Emm 39 f L man Watch