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Biology of Animal Behavior

by: Dixie Sauer

Biology of Animal Behavior BIO 3340

Marketplace > Baylor University > Biology > BIO 3340 > Biology of Animal Behavior
Dixie Sauer
Baylor University
GPA 3.67

Richard Duhrkopf

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Richard Duhrkopf
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dixie Sauer on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIO 3340 at Baylor University taught by Richard Duhrkopf in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see /class/217930/bio-3340-baylor-university in Biology at Baylor University.

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Date Created: 10/03/15
Historical sketch of animal behavior Charles Darwin 18091882 What was Darwin s View of behavior Why was it important C Lloyd Morgan Comparative Psychology 1894 Understand Morgan s Canon Charles 0 Whitman Understand why Comparative behavior is important John Watson 1913 Thorndike and Skinner What was American quotBehavioristquot approach to studying behavior Konrad Lorenz and Niko Tinbergen What was the quotEthologicalquot approach to studying animal behavior Basic sequence of study Analysis of Comparisons Questions about animal behavior quotHowquot Proximate questions quotWhyquot Ultimate questions Be able to identifydifferentiate Proximal from Ultimate explanations Closed Behavioral Systems Patterns of behavior Have some understanding of these behavior patterns Stereotyped orientations Habitat preferences Patterns which appear to be autonomous Patterns of construction Patterns of movement Statocysts as organs of sensing gravity Understand organs ofbalance Orientation by altering movement or position Understand Kineses and Taxes Relate Taxes and Kineses to the ideas of closed intermediate and open systems Orientation guided by a stimulus which may be at an angle to the direction of movement Relate Lightcompass reactions to Kineses and Taxes Classifications of Behavior Instincts Darwin was the first to propose an objective definition of instinct What was Darwin s concept of an instinct Lorenz and Tinbergen39s concepts of instinct were derived from Darwin39s Instincts are composed of stereotyped movements that are characteristic ofa species and strongly genetically determined Understand the relationship of the following to instincts internal change quotdrivequot quotappetitive behavior quotreleaserquot quotconsumatory act Fixed action pattern Innate Releasing Mechanism Three important properties of the instinct innate unlearned thus genetically coded and characteristic of the species internally motivated A better system of classification Restricted development Behaviors which have no modification from experience Semirestricted Intermeidate development Behaviors which are restricted but show some key elements which are a result of experience Flexible Open development Behaviors which are modified by experience Classical concept of Lorenz and Tinbergen has been criticized for many reasons Understand the nature of those criticisms Where we stand today Understand how we currently view instinctive behavior Classifications of Behavior Imprinting and Habituation Semirestricted developmental programs Understand how these differ from instincts Imprinting How does imprinting differ from normal learning What are the functions of filial imprinting Differentiate filial imprinting from sexual imprinting Understand the process ofImprinting What is the role of the Following response Understand the relationship to a Critical period Habituation Know what Habituation is and where it fits in our opensemi restrictedclosed system Classifications of Behavior Conditioning Behaviorist movement explained behavior as totally conditioned How did Watson Thorndike Skinner view behavior and how is that different from Lorenz and Tinbergen Classical Conditioning Understand the Terminology in Classical Conditioning UCS UCR CS and CR Understand Extinction and Stimulus Generalization Understand the Limits of classical conditioning Operant Conditioning Instrumental Learning Understand Thorndike39s law of effect Understand various Definitions and relationships Reward Punishment Generalization strength and amount of reward Longer delay extinction occurs Understand Limits of operant conditioning Cognition Learning Insight learning Know what insight is Innate components of learning Understand how learning fits into the life of an animal Review of Mendelian Genetics Understand be able to define the following genes and alleles Segregation Genotype and Phenotype Homozygous and Heterozygous Dominant and Recessive Codominance and incomplete dominance Results ofmonohybrid crosses Complete Dominance Incomplete Dominance Independent Assortment Epistasis and Modifier Genes Pleiotropy Mitosis Fertilization Meiosis Diploid somatic cells and haploid gametic cells Chromosome Theory and Mutation Linkage Sex Linkage Chromosome Theory and Mutation Recombination Crossing Over Nucleotides RNA Codons Proteins Understand the Sources ofVariation Meiosis and sexual reproduction Crossing over Mutation Understand the Three ways of demonstrating genetic determination Crossing experiments Selection experiments Sibling analysis and correlation Heritability of Behavior Understand Partitioning of variance


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