Computers in Society
Computers in Society CSI 3101
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melvin Bednar on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CSI 3101 at Baylor University taught by Paul Grabow in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 173 views. For similar materials see /class/217931/csi-3101-baylor-university in ComputerScienence at Baylor University.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
Review Questions Chapter 3 Holmes bP N V39 gt19 9 0 D ID ID ID ID I l Nb O39 16 922006 What is the claim of emotivist ethics What can emotivist ethics say concerning moral truth For emotivist ethics what is the role of attitudes Can a person who thoroughly believes in emotivist ethics a engage in a rational discussion of issues Explain b evaluate the attitudes of others Explain c make moral judgements Explain Explain how the emotivist would evaluate the following situations given by Holmes a A sociological statement about a community s attitude Public drunkenness is unacceptable in Smithsburg A psychological statement about my inner feelings I feel bad about what I have done c A linguistic statement about the function of words Right serves to give approval while wrong disapproves d A normative ethical statement Shoplifting is wrong What is the difference between ethical subjectivism and emotivism What two philosophical developments in the first half of the 20Lh Century explain to some extent the rise of emotivism Why and how did some people react against the view that one recognizes the good via re ection What is logical positivism b How did some people react against logical positivism Why would a logical positivist not allow moral judgments What did the logical positivists conclude concerning moral judgements What is the more common name for the BooHurrah theory What concept is the author illustrating when he uses the words Russian and Red Can we ignore emotion in moral matters even if we are not an emotivist Explain Can what is distinctively ethical be cognitive Explain CSI 3101 Review Holmes chapter 6 9162006 1 Why are consequences insufficient by themselves when developing a Christian ethic 2 What role should human happiness play in the development of a Christian ethic 3 For a Christian ethic what should take precedence over all else even human happiness 4 Explain the following statement If love is regarded as a consequentialist principle then it needs to ground the principle of distributive justice on more than simple utility 5 What would constitute an independent principle of justice that would ensure an equitable distribution of good 6 Describe what Holmes means by each of the following and describe how they are related to each other a cases b area rules c principle d bases 7 Why would a moral principle be considered exceptionless 8 Acting with justice and love can be considered moral principles On what are they based ie their bases 9 How does Holmes describe the connection between love and justice 10 The Hebrew term shalom is often simply translated peace Why is this simple translation inadequate 11 How is a moral rule related to moral principles 12 What are some characteristics of an actethic 13 Why would an actethic run counter to Christian belief 14 Why would a Christian ethic be a ruleethic 15 Is a Christian ethic based on a collection of exceptionless principles 16 Explain why a moral dilemma would often be associated with an exceptional case 17 Why would Christian and nonChristian ethics differ more on principles rather than on rules or cases CSI 3101 Review Questions 9172006 Reference Science Faith and Rationality from Science and Faith C John Collins Crossway Books Wheaton IL pp 1928 1 2 3 4 V39 gt19 9 0 D ID I 000 N O N How does the author distinguish a philosopher from philosophy How does G K Chesterton de ne philosophy What is the basic claim that the author makes concerning our conclusions What does C S Lewis say concerning the difference between scienti c and non scienti c thought The author identi es two groups who will probably disagree with the need for sound critical thinking How does he answer each group s argument a One group says that science de nes what rationality is b The other group says that there is no such thing as rationality because it is a human invention What does the author claim is the starting point of good philosophy How does the author de ne the concept of an argumen in a philosophical sense What are the six parts of an argument according to the author Describe what each represents in relationship to drawing conclusions What is the problem with premises that seem obvious What does the author call a special kind of premise that you take for granted even before you start to think Suppose that someone believes some touchstone truths If they contradict one of these touchstone truths what happens to their argument If I believe in materialism how would I know whether my thoughts are true Is it reasonable to assume that any given word has only one meaning What word does C S Lewis use to illustrate that words may have multiple meanings What is the process of arranging conclusions in a stepbystep sequence to produce an inference Use the examples given by the author to distinguish among the following kinds of inference deductive inductive and historical inference If two arguments do not have similar scopes can you claim that they contradict each other Explain What would experimental procedure have to do with gradation of con dence Describe and give an example for each of the following fallacies a fallacy of equivocation b non sequitur it does not follow c abusus usum non tollit abuse does not take away proper use d I can imagine a scenario this is the likely chain of events If you hear a truth claim at minimum what should you do to determine whether the claim is true If the argument that produced a truth claim is sound does it necessarily follow that the truth claim is true Explain 22 Using the suggested siX parts of an argument how can you decide whether an argument is likely true CSI 3101 Review Holmes 5 Utilitarianism l 2 gt1 0 V39 4 9 000 ND I 9102006 State the basic principle of the utilitarian According to the author what makes the utilitarian position appealing a to an individual b to a culture A utilitarian wishes to make a choice that will maximize something of value But he she must decide which thing is of most value The author claims that this later decision is a nonconsequential judgment Why is this decision itself a problem Bentham chose to maximize pleasure largely because everyone seeks pleasure His observation everyone seeks pleasure is a descriptive statement Why is it problematic for him to based a moral choice on maximizing pleasure Explain the following statement The question of which consequences are good is always answered on nonconsequentialist grounds IfI calculate the consequences so that I can make the right choice based on maximizing whatever I have chosen as the good how do I determine the quantity of the consequences What must I assume and why is this itself a problem An ethical principle should be universally acceptable If Bentham decided that he valued particular kinds of pleasure why would this be a problem when someone else uses his approach to make moral decisions Describe what is meant by the problem of distributive justice How is equality related to the problem of distributive justice Why must it be true that the principle of distributive justice cannot be subject to or manipulated by the principle of utility Describe the concept of empiricism Why would empiricism not be able to solve the problem of distributive justice 13 Why would the concept of motives be significantly different in a moral sense from the concept of good consequences Give an example to illustrate your response Summarize Holmes critique of utilitarianism that he gives at the end of the chapter