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by: Holden Hershey

Glucose/Insulin NSD 225

Holden Hershey
GPA 4.0
Nutrition Science and Dietetics

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Nutrition Science and Dietetics
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This 6 page Reader was uploaded by Holden Hershey on Friday October 17, 2014. The Reader belongs to NSD 225 at Syracuse University taught by Uzcategui in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see Nutrition Science and Dietetics in Nutrition and Food Sciences at Syracuse University.

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Date Created: 10/17/14
Nutrition Science 09232014 Lactose Intolerance the enzyme Iactase is needed to digest lactose if lactose is not digested in the small intestine it passes through the large intestine Undigested lactose in the small intestine can cause cramping abdominal distension and diarrhea Common in African Americans Latinos Asians Options Lactose free mik Yogurts Soy Milk lndigestible Carbohydrates Resistant Starch fiber oligosaccharides not digested by the small intestine quotquotthese carbs affect transit timeSower in stomach faster in colon More time to absorb nutrients Micro fora intestinal gas nutrient absorption Meas high in fiber are absorbed sowerbeneficia Meals low in fiber are absorbed quickly Negative Glucose is released into the bloodstream Produces glycogen Produces fat Regulating Blood Glucose in order to provide a steady supply of glucose to the cells the concentration of glucose in the blood is regulated by the liver and by the enzymes secreted from the pancreas Glvcemic Response how quickly and how high blood glucose rises after carbohydrates are consumed Glvcemic Index ranking of how a food affects the glycemic response Quantitative system to indicate of how quickly a food will raise blood sugar Reference is glucose Glvcemic Load Caculated by multiplying a food s glycemic index by the amount of available carbohydrate in a serving of the food Regulating Blood Glucose Increased Blood glucose Pancreas secretes insulin Pancreas also produces glucagon to stop secreting insulin Cellular Respiration To generate energy glucose is metabolized through cellular respiration Celluar respiration is also called aerobic metabolism Celluar respiration produces ATP a form of energy 602 6 gucose 6h2o and 6 co2 and 38 ATP GIuconeogenesis describing the synthesis of glucose if we don t get enough from our diet we draw it from other parts of our body we get it from amino acids and stored fat Ketogenesis Ketone are short fatty acids Diabetes Mellitus the leading cause of blindness in the US accounts for 44 of kidney failure Type 1 Diabetes Insulin is no longer made in the body Type 2 Diabetes Insulin is present but the cells do not respond Gltestational Diabetes occurs in women during pregnancy There may be an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life Symptoms excessive thirst frequent urination blurred vision weight loss Long Term Complications Damage to the heartblood vesseskidneyseyes nervous system Infections are more common in patients with diabetes and amputations may be necessary Treatment DietExerciseMedication Reactive Hypogycemia Over secretion of insulin in response to carbohydrate intake Treatment frequent small meals including protein Fasting Hypogycemia Abnormal insulin secretion not related to food intake Dental Caries Sucrose Bacteria gtPlaque formation acid production gtDissoution of tooth enamel and formation of dental caries LowCarb Diet for Weight Loss no carbs production of ketone to burn fats Ketones generally suppress appetite Diets high in whole grains have been found to reduce the risk of heart disease Water soluble fiber binds dietary cholesterol and reduces absorption O9232014 O9232014


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