General Psychology PSYC 101
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This 48 page Class Notes was uploaded by Roxanne Fisher on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 101 at Boise State University taught by Kimberly Henderson in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see /class/218025/psyc-101-boise-state-university in Psychlogy at Boise State University.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY 1122009 UNlT 7 HChapiers 14 and 15 Approaches El Medical Model in Psychological disorders are medical diseases with biological origins El Psychological Approach in Psychodynamic Perspectives in Behavioral Social Cognitive Perspectives in Trait Perspectives in Humanistic Perspectives Approaches com El Sociocultural Approach in Emphasis on larger social context I Gender Women lnlernallzlng disorders Merl Egtltlerrlallzlrlg disorders El lnieraciionisi Approach in The Biopsychosocial Model Biological factors Psychological rocrors l Sociocultural factors What is on Anxiety Disorder 1122009 u Characteristics of anxiety disorders in Motor tension iumpy trembling can t relax a Hyperactivity u Apprehension a Five types of anxiety disorders in Generalized Anxiety in Posttraumatic Stress disorder PTSD i obsessive Compulsive disorder ocn i Phobia disorder in Panic disorder Phobic Disorder o An irrational overwhelming persistenttear of an obiect or situation o Sufferers of Phobic Disorder can be so fearful that it is debilitating and interferes with their lives o Fearvs Phobia o Two types at Phobic disorder gt Specific Phobia tear of animals inxedx blood heights ek gt Social Phobia tear of public speaking writing in tront of others Specific Phobia El What is a specific phobia i A specitic phobia is a persistentand marked tear ot a specific obiect or situation El How does a specific phobia interfere with one39s life i The impact ot a specitic phobia on one s lite is contingent upon how often they encounter their obiect of arouse Etiology and Treatments for Phobic 1122009 Disorders Ii El Etiology of phobias can be anything from classical conditioning to modeling observation and imitation El Treatment for Phobias systematic desensitization and flooding is The purpose of both of these treatments is that the sufferers are made to see that the obiect is harmless ObsessiveCompulsive disorder OCD OCD is an anxiety disorder in which the sufferer has anxiety provoking thoughts that will not go away this is the obsession The compulsion aspects of this disease are the repeated and rigid behaviors the sufferers feel they must perform in order to prevent or reduce anxiety Etiology and Treatment for OCD El The Etiology in Genetics ot OCD seems to be genetic i Overactive trontai cortex and basal ganglia El Treatment is Antidepressants a Exposure and Response Prevention is Habituation Training Bipolar Disorder 1122009 El Mania 1 Period of abnormally exexxive elation or euphoria El Type I a The Alternation ot maior deprexxive epixodex with full mank epixo ex El Type II a The alternation of motor depressive episodes With hypormamc not mi mam episodes El VIDEO Causes of Mood Disorders 1 Biological This is prevalent in Twin Studies a Psychological Stressful Life Events Experiences are unique to the individua El Sociocultural Factors Marital relationships gender and social support are the most prominent Treatment El Medications a Amideprexxanlx a Lithium El Electroconclusive Therapy ECT El Psychological Treatments n Cognitive Behavior Therapy n lnlerperxonal nyholherapy El Combined Treatments a Mainlename Treatment Dissociative Disorders 1122009 El Disorders are marked by a sudden loss of memory or change in identity El Individuals may have problems integrating different dimensions of consciousness Dissociative Identity Disorder El Diagnosis and Symptoms e same individual possesses two or more distinct personalities a Each personality has unique memories behaviors and relationships is Only one personality is dominant at a time 1 Personality shifts occur under distress Schizophrenia El Characterized by highly disordered thought processes El Split mindquot individual39s mind is split from reality El Often confused with Dissociative Identity Disorder El Prevalence Symptoms of Schizophrenia 1122009 6 Positive Symptoms gt Hallucinations and delusions gt Thought disorders and disorders of movement 6 Negative Symptoms gt Flat attect 6 Cognitive Symptoms gt Attention difficulties and memory problems gt Impaired ability to make decisions Etiology of Schizophrenia El Biological Factors u Heredity D Structural brain abnormalities 1 eurotransmitterderegulation El Psychological Factors 39l Diathesisstress model El Sociocultural Factors n Socioeconomic level Biological Therapies El Medical Model a Treatments to reduce or eliminate symptoms by altering t e way t e body functions El Common Forms of Therapy in Drug Therapy in Electroconvulsive Therapy ECT u Psychosurgery Biological Therapies 1122009 El Electroconvulsive Therapy 39l Small electric current produces a brief seizure a Used to treat maior depressive disorder a Etticac Jew and side effects man El Psychosurgery 39l Prefrontal lobotomies a Efficacy low zombies Psychotherapy ll El Help people recognize define and overcome psychological and interpersonal difficulties in Psychodynamic therapies u Humanistic therapies u Behavior Cognitive therapies Psychodynamic Therapies ll El Who s the MAN El Emphasis of this Approach a Unconscious mind a Therapeutic interpretation in Early childhood experiences El Goals of Therapy is Recognize maladaptive coping strategies in Identify sources of unconscious conflicts Freud s Psychoanalysis 1122009 El Therapeutic Techniques D Free association a Catharsis u Interpretation Freud s Psychoanalysis El Therapeutic Techniques a Dream Analysis I Manifest content I Latent content a Transference a Resistance Humanistic Therapies 6 Carl Rogers and Fritz Perls Emphasis at this Approach gt Conscious thoughts gt The present gt Selthealing capacities 6 Goals of Therapy gt Encourage people to understand themselves gt Promote personal growth Behavior Therapies 1122009 El Emphasis at this Approach in Overt behaviors are the problem El Goals of Therapy 39l Reduce or eliminate maladaptive behaviors El Canditianing 39l Classical a Operant Behavior Therapies El Classical Canditianing Techniques D Systematic desensitization Develop hierarchy of tears Practice relaxation techniques Learn to relax instead or feeling anxious u Aversive conditioning I Noxious stimuli paired with conditioned stimulus Behavior Therapies El Operant Canditianing Techniques D Behavior modification a Token economy lAppropriate behavior reinforced with tokens lTokens exchanged for desired rewards I Used in classrooms and mental hospitals Cognitive Therapies 1122009 6 Albert Ellis Aaron Beck Albert Bandura Emphasis of this Approach gt Thoughts are the primary source ot abnormal behavior and schooica roblems gt Focus on overt problems gt Structured and analytical approach 6 Goals of Therapy gt Cognitive Restructuring CognitiveBehavioral Therapy ll El CognitiveBehavioral Therapy n A combination of both cognitive and behavioral therapies l Focus is on thoughtbehavior cycle and breaking it Issues in Psychotherapy 6 Mental Health Professionals gt Clinical psychologists gt Psychiatrists gt Counselors 6 Guidelines for Seeking Professional Help gt laentity the protessional s credentials gt Give therapy some time gt Be a thoughtful and careful consumer COGNITION Unit 2 HChupIers7 as 9302009 Lea rning a Learning DA relativer pennenem cnenge in behavior mm eccursrnrougn ex erience D Significance of animal research a Associarive Learning Conairioning u Observational Learning Types of Learning W1 e Classical Conditioning Pavlov u NS Sound of with meat pow u Unleamed Reflexive u eMeel powder Pavlov x bell prior to pairing der u U R 7 Dog salivales u Lea He in cs 7 Sound of Pavlov39s bell in CR 7 Dog salivales 9302009 Classical Conditioning Pavlov Classical Conditioning ll Generallzatlnn CRismevevy bell Distrlmmatlun CR is only in mm seem Bell39smne Emaan CRismukenedby pvesemmg the cs Wm eLlCS Spumaneuus Rem c vecuv vary 8 u ev a time delay hum additional R mm ndwit leuvmng Classical Conditioning Applications u Phobia DWatsorl e Lmle Albert uwme ratUCS palred Wlm lan nolse c5 u Counlenondilioning DAssoclate cs Wm new lnltompa ble CR UCS i E Vail and the Room Rubbl vulred wwde elmmea Petersleur 9302009 Classical Conditioning Applications u Fearful Emotional Reaaiom u Pleaxam Emotional Reaaiom u Adverlixing a Drug Habitualion Operant Conditioning Thorndlke39s Law of Effect unsequente silengthens m weakens Rewuvd uppmxlmutluns of me deslved behuvlov Reinforcement u Reinfonemem Inneaxe in Behavior a Positive Reinfonemem u Behavior toiiowed by r rdmg onsequeme u Rewarding snmuius is quotaddedquot a Negative Reinfonemem u Aversrve unbiedsdnt snmuius is quotremovedquot 9302009 Schedules of Reinforcement Fixed reams sandman tuitw r set sandman tuitw an m 3 W7 Punishment H u Punishment Deueaxe in Behavior a Positive Punishment uBehdvror toiiowed by aversive onsequeme uAversrve unbiedsdnt stmuius is quotaddedquot a Negative Punishment uBehdvror toiiowed by aversive onsequeme DRewordmg snmuius is quotremoved Application 9302009 H Health and Wellness El Classical Conditioning in Immune system functioning El Operant Conditioning in Predictability a Control a Improvement D Outlets for frustration Application H Health and Wellness Behavior Modification Programs a Using operant conditioning principles to change human behavior Five Steps l Define the problem 2 Commit to change 3 Collect data about yourself A Design a seItcontroi program 5 Make the program last maintenance The Nature of Memory El The Retention of Information or Experience over Time El Why is memory important El Three Phases of Memory a Encoding a Storage D Retrieval Information Processing I Mem ory II Encoding II Storage Sensoryememory II Retrieval 9302009 Storage Long Term Memory Subsystems Types of longterm memories pr lmplitlt decla ve rocedural With conscious recall Without cunsciuus recall Facts Personally Skills Classical and operaquot Model of The Mind n Maintenance Rehearsal Sensory Encoding Long term Sensory Memory Store ll ii Function hold info long enough to be processed Sensory HW I sum Memnry ii Copocity lorge ii Durotion 3 sec visual2 sec oudio 9302009 Sensory Memory Store ll El Automatically El Requires attention to transfer information to working memory Sensory lnput u Divided into two subtypes n ioni memor vixual n ehoi memory auditory Working MemorySTM El Function conscious processing active u Capacity 7 2 items El Duration short 30 sec Sensory Mai ntenance rehearsal ll El Mentol or verbol repetition of information ollows information to remoin in working memory longer than the usuol 30 sections Maintenance rehearsal Sensory Wnrking or shamquot Me 9302009 LongTerm Memory Store a Function organize and store a Ca pucily unlimited o Duration perma net mimemce Rehearsal Wnrking nr shun m Memory Longterm Memory Encoding D How we encode Nhat encode DAutomotic processing a Meaning DEffortful processing semun39k l Rehear a VlSUOl or OOUll lSpuce effect a Urgu zmg lSerial position effea n informotion Chunking hierarchies Encoding Elaboration II 9302009 ii Elaboration Cari Enhance Memory D How Extensively is Information Processed in Vivid examples in Selfreferencing effect a Distinctive memory codes Encoding Imagery II ii Mental Imagery ii Verbal Code Word or Label ii Image Code Detailed and Distinctive ii UuaILade Hypothesis 39l Image codes are superior to verbal codes in Image codes are stored as both Long term Memory Retrieval II ii Retrieval cues l Recall I Recognizing Relearning I Priming 39l Context effects 39l Mood and Memories I Moodcongruent Forgetting u Emoding Failure u Storage demy u Forgetting curve a Retrieval Failure Dimevfev quotE Wm Emma Dmeuied forgetting 9302009 Forgetting Interference 3W w Mr W M Wm tummy pmmmr mm mm m m w in M New aimw mmin Improving memory improving test grades ii u Thingx to do a Study vepeutediy m bum imam rem u Spend more time rehearsing m umveiy thinking about me muieviui uMuke muieviui persunuiiy meaningm in Use mnem um devices a Refresh your New my by activating we DMimmize interference utesi your seif INTRAPERSONAL 10192009 Theories of Emotion u JamesLange Theory DPhysioiogKoi orousoi gt emoi n io n Perltepuon of physioiogmoi honge u CannonBard Theor DEmoiionoi and physioiogmoi reamquot oltltur imuiioneousiy Theories of Emotion Theories of Emotion u TwoFactor Theory of Emotion u Physiolo rousul ce DCogni ve labeling Arwsa 9 merpre exiema cues 9 Labe emenen u Suppon DSChucMer and Singer 1 962 10192009 TwoFactor Theory of Emotion Iii Emotion Behavioral Factors n Nanverba Expressions er Ema a ram movemenrs a Body unguug n Facia Feedback pmhesis a ram xpvemoncun mrmme monons n Suppovn m Jemenenge mm or monons Classifying Emotions 10192009 ll El The TwoDimensional Approach in Negative affectivity NA Anxieiy anger guilt sadness in Positive affectivity PA I Joy happiness love interest El Broaden and Build Model Positive Emotion i Approach behavior is Wellbeing Motivation ll El Evolutionary Approach D Instincts El Drive Reduction Theory is Drives psychology aroused state i Needs biology drive motivator n Homeostasis balance Intrinsic vs Extrinsic ll El Intrinsic internal motivation curiosity and challenge a More positive outcomes a Greater ettort Intrinsic vs Extrinsic u Intrinxk internal motivation urioxily and hallenge More positive oukomes DGreoter effort a Extrinxk extema effedx reward and punithem operanl ondilioning 10192009 Intrinsic vs Extrinsic u Intrinxk internal motivation urioxily and hallenge n More positive oukomes DGreoter effort a Extrinxk extema effedx reward and punithem operanl ondilioning uTrue greatness takes both Moslow s Hierarchy of Needs Sexual Orientation 10192009 6 Sex what you are anatomically 6 Gender how you View yourself male or female gt Transgender HeteroBiHomo determined according to an established pattern wh t you wantfantasize about AND what you do Still some sex fantasies aren39t unusual 6 Also Asexuality Sexual Orientation cont El Homosexuality occurs with the same prevalence across cultures El Same sex attraction occurs in animals 39l Homosexual behavior not necessarily sex has been well documented in over 500 species Hormones and Sexual Behavior a Testosterone he more testosterone the higher the sex drive I Physical signs Balding pronounced chin facial hair a Estrogen 1 Levels peak during ovulation in The reason o remotes curvy body doesn39t account for being overweight though a Oxytocine II the cuddle hormone a Orgasm Attraction There are 2 universals for what is attractive across cultures t Yomhfuln s 2 or looks good health Fuciut teetyreeeey type very it is mere me eeeeeittyte ereeymeereterettsermg We are attracted to similarities Same eye size Some me iehgrh Simiturheud ubudy m e e H rt gt Beceus 0 5p gismorelikelyiolooklike you 10192009 Attraction cont we are attracted te symmetry Sexual Response Cycle gs where one begin writing tieh Desire libidujrs intimacy er grnt Excitement arousal This stage which is characterized by the body39 39 39inl response to feelings of sexual desire Mr e and Met mm were immmgemee wt We in mmegmei ireteettm me me breasts meters when are eta eteeseemm Didyuvkncw e mm sizavaZ r Did you kncerWian meme Dams has 50x tie mumM cf btwd it usuutty dam Plateaus This stage the highest point of sexual it t three minutes 10192009 El Orgasm This stage the peak of the plateau stage and the point at which sexual tension is released generally lasts for less than a minute a Did you know Take an average of 23 min of foreplay for women From aeaa xlop io orgaxm a Did you know Women are not highly orgaxmk 93 don t orgasm regiilarly during sex D Resolution the period during which the body returns to its preexcitement state Application Health and Wellness El Emotions and the Immune System B Negative emotions linked to illness l Positive emotions might help reduce illness and promote health El Moods impoct healthpromoting behaviors El Positive Emotions and Resilience n Emotional wisdom Personality 6 Personality gt A pattern of enduring distinctive thoughts emotions and behaviors that characterize the way an individual adapts to the wor 6 Personality psychologists study the gt Characteristics that remain stable or change gt Effect of the social context on the person y Influence ot personality on coping gt Role of personality in illness Psychodynamic Perspectives 10192009 El Personality is primarily unconscious El Early experiences with parents sculpt the individual39s personality El Understanding personality involves exploring the symbolic meanings of behavior and the unconscious mln Freud s Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Freudian Slips gt Misstatements that reveal unconscious thoughts 6 Hysteria gt Physical symptoms without physical cause y Overdetermined multiple unconscious causes 6 Iceberg Model of Human Personality Personality Structure 6 Id gt Instincts and reservoir of psychic energy y Pleasure principle 6 Ego gt Deals with the demands of reality gt Reality principle 6 Superego y Moral branch ot personality conscience Defense Mechanisms 10192009 El Conflict between the id ego and superego results in anxiety El Defense mechanisms reduce anxiety by unconsciousl clistortin4 realit El Repression 39l Foundation for all defense mechanisms in Push unacceptable impulses out ot awareness Defense Mechanisms Repression Rationalization Displacement bubllmatlon Proiection Reaction Formation Denial Reg ressi on Freud interrupted Horney s Sociocultural Approach gt Both sexes envy the attributes of the other gt Need for security not sex is primary motivator Jung s Analytical Theory gt Collective unconscious and archetypes Adler39s Individual Psychology gt Perfection not pleasure is primary motivator Evaluating Psychodynamic Theory 10192009 Criticisms gt Too much emphasis on early experiences gt Too much faith in unconscious mind s control gt Too much em hosts on sexual and awressi e instincts 6 Contributions gt Childhood is important to Iatertunctioning gt Unconscious processes play a significant role in human development Humanistic Perspectives 6 Stress o person39s co pocity for personol growth free will and positive quolities Humonism developed in response to gt Pessimistic view of psychodynomic perspective gt Deterministic view of behavioral perspective 6 Personolity is optionol Humanistic Perspectives Abrohom Moslow gt Hierarchy at Needs 10 Moslow s Hierarchy of Needs myt n aimqiu Humanistic Perspectives H 9 Abraham Maxlow gt Hierarchy of Nee s gt vsei u uuiizmmn is m mp of hierarchy gt peekexpe e e gt Fivw gt Focused on highiy successfui individuois Humanistic Perspectives i i a Carl Roge u Seifresreem personoi grow seifrderermmoiion a Seikoquot pi An individuui39s percepiiuns and assessmems of men ubiimes bemmn and persunuiiiy Reui seif evsm ideui seif discrepancy u Combunon Growm Uncundihunui pmmve regard Empumy Genuineness 10192009 Evaluating Humanistic Perspectives 10192009 Criticisms gt Too optimistic about human nature gt Overestimates freedom and rationality gt Promotes selflove and narcissism gt Abstract concepts are difficult to test 6 Contributions gt Perception is key element of personality gt Consider the positive aspects of human nature gt Emphasize conscious experience Personality Assessment 6 Assessing the Big Five Foctors gt Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Personality InventoryRevised NEOPIR gt Minnesota Multiphasic Personality inventory MMPI 550 items on a variety of personality characteristics Assess mental health and best iob candidates Trait Perspectives e Troit gt An enduring personality characteristic that is manitest in behavior gt Traits are the building blocks ot personality 6 Troit Theories gt People can be described by their behavior gt Strong versus weak tendencies 12 Tra i139 Pe rs p ecfives 10192009 G Gordon Allport gt Personality can be understood through traits gt Behavior should be consisfenf across sifuafions gt Lexical approach 9 4500 traits Raymond CaTeII gt Factor analysis 9 1 6 traits G W T Norman gt Five factor model 9 5 traits Big Five Theory ll Openness To nonopenness El Conscientiousness nonconscien riousness El Ex rroversionin rroversion El Ag reeablenessan ragonism El Neuroticism sTa bili ry Five Factor Model of Personality pm nnxiuniuvsnwss xuavnisinn gMablinlsi iimisrim nmallonzl suhlllty imaginnlivc m Olganized or Scoabin m Suhhmvled cm mmquot magma disalgamged Velllmg oi ruthless immexludm alumni pillowi9 Yinsling oi may or mum tun7255 m sombnr ausplciuu inauguramm minim m mamquot unipmm enlmmmg implllswe 0i mailed Moonwalk 13 Evaluating Trait Perspectives 8 Contribution gt demtfymg mm has promcot vame gt Trottstn uenceheo mterpersonct retcm cm i m w ognmons Greer success and on e gt gnores me rote of me sttuonon m behovtor gt Takes a very broad vtew of the person gt gnores nuances of on mdwtduot39s personohty 10192009 Personality Assessment e Proiedive Tem Subiedive Inventoriex gt Re ectvhe psychodynomtc perspemves t we twee persunuhty p mes mdtmte mm huvu enshcs gt Themom Appercep on Test TA Sena of umbtguuus ptctuves wewed one at a ttme Ehmed stones veveu an mdwtduut39s pevsunuhty Rorschach Inkblot Test 10192009 Thematic Apperce ption Test Opiim Ism ll l l Pessimism 10192009 a A positive outlook is related to higher achievement and positive mood a If you think you ll do well you probably will a Set high goals for self gt Believe they an remh Ihexe goal gt Confideme in own ability gt Don t allow xelbmkx gel them down Go a situation wideo that everything will work out great but if it doesn t then you are disappointed Doesn39lwamla fall Prepare for follure by semng lower expedollon gt sung of defeat ls lessened l expeelea Success ls all the sweelev gt few of fulluve mmlveles Fear of follure motivates urprlsed and hoppyl 16 PSYCHOLOGY AND ITS SCIENCE 9282009 Roots Defined The scientific study of behavior and mentol processes El Key components or this definition a Science 1 Behavior n Mental Processes Early Foundations n Pluto in Nativism lView that certain kinds of knowledge are innate of inborn VS El Aristolte u Philosophical empiricisms tobulo rasa IAII knowledge is acquired through experience Structuralism 9282009 n Wilhelm Wundt I Identify structures of D Research described dimensions of feeling I Methodology Introspection Functionalism a William James D Identify the functions of the mind I Focused on interactions with environment D Add ptive significance Why I Flow of thought Stream of consciousness Psychoanalytic n Freud I Therapy l Catharsis l Unconscious processes Conditioning 9282009 u Watson 1 Conditioning research 1 Lime Alberr Evolutionary 39 plu rerms er uduprive value Ei Charles Darwin 1 Natural Selection Ceremm snuggle rer resources Emirenmemei changes eirer evol on39s course Behaviorism Ei Skinner E 2 2 e u Studies consequences or behavior Humamsm mm mm Baa2009 aw Pnsmve Pshdcgy a bum hxm wyvmuuen PSYCHOLOGY AS A SC ENCE Asking and Answering El Scientific method Asking and Answering Ii El Scientific method l Observation and description of o phenomenon or group of phenomeno I Operotionol definition lAn obiective description ot how a research variable is going to be measured and o serve DTheory explain certain observations IA broad set ot closely related ideas that attempts to Asking and Answering Ii El Scientific method l observation and description at a phenomenon or group at phenomena 2 Formulotion of on hypothesis to exploin the phenomeno An idea that is arrived at logicallv from a theory a prediction n icon beiesied 9282009 Asking and Answering Ii El Scientific method i obewmn and description of a pnenmnenun or group of menunenu 2 Formuiotionof unhypmhesis m expioin ins phmomenu 3 Use of the hypothesis to predict the existence of other phenomeno or to predict quontitotively the results of new observotions Asking and Answering Ii E Scientific method 1 o my v n and description of o wenonenon on group of Phenomena 2 Fermihum of an hvvu vesx to eXDion me Dhe new obsermvion 4 Pertormonce of experimentol tests of the predictions by severol independent experimenters and properly performed experiments I Repiicotion I Pubimnon Asking and Answering Ii El Scientific method El DescriptionObservation 9282009 Asking and Answering 9282009 El Scientific method El DescriptionObservation in Case Study Asking and Answering El Scientific method El DescriptionObservation in Case Study a Survey Asking and Answering El Scientific method El Description in Case Study Survey Naturalistic observation Asking and Answering Correlation 9282009 El Correlation Il Relationship between variables and how they change in relation to each other lThat is not to say that one CAUSES the other Asking and Answering Correlation El Correlation lndlcales amnion ofrelatiunship pusilive or negative Covtelalinn mam 39 my Indicates strength or relationship 00010 100 Asking and Answering Correlation El Correlation mm imiilmmimlztlon n on n mummy mm wvrannqawarmiela m m Asking and Answering Correlation 9282009 El Correlation a Illusory correlation Asking and Answering Experimentation El Experimentation a Cause and effect Asking and Answering Experimentation El Experimentation 39l Cause and effect 1 Independent and dependent variables Statistics H El There is meaning in every number it iust depends upon how you look at it D 3 out of 4 dentist recommend Colgate D1 in 3 women will ex erience sexual abuse b a famil member 9282009 Describing Data Central Tendency El Mean a k a average El Median middle point El Mode most fre uentl occurrin e iigg Q m a m t in L I m q W 39 7w l M mm M gm m lnmmrpmlum vmmausandwl ullm EATING DISORDERS 11112009 HMelody Anorexia Nervosa ii Characteristics in Weighing 15 below normal body weight n Having an intense fear of gaining weight that does not decrease with weightless Having a distorted body image I Body Dysmorphic Disorder Anorexia Nervosa El Demog ra phics a Teenage years 1 Episode of dieting and some type of life stress a 67 of individuals with either disorder were victims of sexual a buse El Usually among white female adolescents or young adults El 1 of women suffer from it Family and Personality 11112009 Family welleducated middle and Upperincome competitive and high achieving Personality perfectionists Bulimia Nervosa El Characteristics 1 Binge eaiing followed by purging I Vom39 39ng I Die aidx u Occurs wiihin a normal weighi range Bulimia Nervosa El Demographics a Late adolescence or early adulthood u The malarit of cases are women Affects 1 of young women omen with a high degree of perfectionism and low levels of selfefficacy
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