PSY 337, Week 4/5 Notes
PSY 337, Week 4/5 Notes PSY 337
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Razan Alkhazaleh on Saturday March 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 337 at Pace University taught by Samantha Lee in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychological Counseling in Psychlogy at Pace University.
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Date Created: 03/19/16
Therapeutic Alliance • • rational agreement between patient and therapist where expectations of the experience, relationship, outcome and goals are established • watch movie: Grosse Point Blank • Relationship enhancers: • posture • position • empathy (vs. sympathy) self disclosure: facts about themselves (counselor) • • mistakes when disclosing: • too deep • poorly times • doesn’t match clients situation • self involving: thoughts/emotions about client • examples of too deep self disclosure: • client reacts to helper, rather than focus on what they would beneﬁt from • inappropriate: “when i was going through my 3rd divorce, i thought something was wrong with me” appropriate: “i have been through a divorce myself, and i can relate to those feelings” • • example of poor timing: • situation: clients mother died last week • inappropriate: i know how you feel because my mother died 5 years ago and it was a long time before i got over it” • appropriate: “i dont know exactly what you're going through but i do know a little of what it’s like to lose someone that close. i can guess it has been a painful time” • example of not matching: • situation: client receives sports college scholarship, but is having trouble achieving good grades to attend. no one in family has attended college.” • inappropriate: once i wanted to go to a prep school that cost 20k a year but i couldn't go because my family couldn't afford it • appropriate: i can relate to your story in that I've had goals in my life that i wanted badly. it must be frustrating • Counseling environment: • Invitational Skills: • nonverbal: eye contact/body position • eye contact, facilitate body position, appropriate use of silence, voice tones, gestures • opening: verbal catalysts such as encouraging statement and questions encouragers: “door opener”— say some more about that • • minimal encourager— “uh huh, okay” • questions: • open question: “could you tell me what has been going on?” • closed q: “is she your ex wife?” allow you to show the client that you are listening and encourages them to open up • • useful early on during the session, but used throughout the entire helping process Eye contact in western culture: • lack of eye contact: dishonestly, indifference or shame • sustained eye contact: ambitious, conﬁdent, assertive, intelligent, independent and decisive Body position: • relaxed alertness— puts client at ease • recommended posture: lean torso rather than limbs— conveys attentiveness • open posture: no crossed arms or legs— client is relaxed and less defensive Attentive silence • present without interference • allows client moments for reﬂection • used too much or too early can make the client uncomfortable • clients feel more positive about session if counselor talks 1/3rd of the time or less Voice Tone: • voice can give clues of emotional state • shows which issues are most painful Facial expressions and gestures: • six primary/global emotions: sadness, joy, anger, surprise, disgust and fear • gestures are physical motions we use to convert emotion or emphasize important points • excessive movements may signal anxiety • motionless signals aloofness • ﬁdgeting movements can be read by client as nervousness, impatient or disinterest • moderately reactive listener is viewed as friendly, warm, casual and natural Physical distance: • smaller the distance, the more personal the interaction • culturally appropriate distance enhances disclosure physical barriers increase distance and add a feeling of formality • • one to one dialogues for americans take place at a distance of 1-4 feet. 3 feet being comfortable Touching and warmth: • better safe than sorry— no touching touch of the shoulder, pat on the back— may be appropriate • ____________________________________________________________________________ anxious, numb, tired, distracted • communicating empathy: • acknowledging how they feel, and giving feedback allows for conformation or correction— and allows for further elaboration, also allows camouﬂaged information to surface • Paraphrasing: • condensed restatement when you feel that you have gathered/grasped all facts and feelings • it’s a door opener, allows for questions/conﬁrmations • Reﬂecting Feelings: • emotional intelligence: ability to monitor/acknowledge own feelings/emotions to take in and use as a guide towards actions and thoughts • this coveys to your client that you recognize how they are impacted by their own problems • allows client to attain deeper levels on disclosure • teaches client to become aware of their emotions and to be able to report it • Step 1: identify the feeling • Step 2: articulate underlying emotions • Understanding or Misinterpreting meaning: counselor must be willing to go beyond facts/feelings to uncover deeper meanings • • what actually happened is not as important as how the client interpreted the situation • Why reﬂect meaning: • the background of how the clients story is projected • story: perspective, not necessarily facts • Inner Circle Strategy • D—C—B—A • World view: individual view of self, others, and the world • • Personal values: sources of meaning to bring to the surface • Summarizing: • pulls everything from the session up until current point together brieﬂy • helps client to make sense of tangled thoughts/feeling/facts/details • used at several times, not just at the end
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