ART101 Introduction to Visual Arts Chapter 1
ART101 Introduction to Visual Arts Chapter 1 115-01
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Suzannah Hudson on Saturday March 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 115-01 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Geddes, Matthew J in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 264 views. For similar materials see Intro to Visual Arts in Art at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
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Date Created: 03/19/16
Constantin Brancusi his art contained searching for forms as simple and pure such as birth kiss ight dream Brancusi willed his apartment studio over to the French gov after his death in 1957 0 French gov turned his studio into a museum Brancusi created many sculptures and took many photos in different ways to show the different moods Some of his sculptures contain Endless Column Fish Bird in Space Aesthetic Experience the branch of philosophy concerned with the feelings aroused in us by sensory experience Example Making an architects work live for a moment by appreciating an effect that he or she prepared for you What art is how and why it affects us some of the issues aesthetics addresses Visual Art Art that addresses the sense of sight Focuses on western tradition art that has been understood and practiced in Europe and in cultures with their roots in European thought such as the US Upper Paleolithic Period also known as the latter part of the Old Stone Age 0 All images may not be art but our ability to make them is one place where art begins Second urge for art is to create meaningful order and form to structure our world so that it re ects our ideas Third urge for art is the urge for the aesthetic possibilities of new technologies Anthony Caro British Sculptor quotAll art is basically Paleolithic or Neolithic either the urge to smear soot and grease on cave walls or pile stone on stonequot Megaliths Very large stones surrounded in turn by a circular ditch Stonehenge 3100 BCE south of England 0 May be marked as a graveyard or a ruling dynasty Held meaning for the Neolithic community New Stone Age Artists create places for some human purpose Second task is to create extraordinary versions of ordinary objects Third task is to record and commemorate Fourth task is to give tangible form to the unknown Fifth task is to give tangible form to feelings and ideas Finally artists refresh our vision and help us see the world in new ways Maya Lin Born 1959 created the Vietnamese Veterans Memorial as a place for contemplation and remembrance Washington DC 1982 black granite length 49239 58000 names engraved quotEach of my works originates from a simple desire to make people aware of their surroundings not just the physical world but also the psychological world we live inquot o quotI create places in which to think without trying to dictate what to thinkquot quotI had a simple impulse to cut into the earth I imagined taking a knife and cutting into the earth opening it up an initial violence and pain that in time would heal The grass would grow back but the initial cut would remain a pure at surface in the earth with a polished mirrored surface much like the surface on a geode when you cut it and polish the edgequot Athens Ohio Chinese heritage The Starry Night Created by Vincent Van Gogh Believed that people journeyed to a star after their death and that there they continued their lives Created on the outskirts of a small French town quotJust as we take the train to get to Tarascon or Rouen we take death to reach a starquot Nature seems alive communicating in its own language while the village sleeps Vincent Van Gogh 18531890 An intensely private introspective man who wrote eloquently about art and about life Born in GrootZundert Holland son of a Dutch Protestant Minister Age 27 became interested in art died ten years later After a heated argument with artist Paul Gauguin Van Gogh has a portion of his ear cut off and sent to a prostitute After cutting off his ear Van Gogh realized his own insanity and admitted himself into an asylum Most of Van Gogh art was created in the last 2 12 years of his life Due to despair in 1890 Van Gogh shot himself to death Creativity Being creative means learning to trust one39s own interests experiences and references and to use them to enhance life and work Many writers and educators have tried to understand what makes people creative and have come up with a few character traits Sensitivity Heightened awareness of what one sees hears and touches as well as responsiveness to other people and their feelings Flexibility An ability to adapt to new situations and to see their possibilities willingness to nd innovative relationships Originality Uncommon responses to situations and to solving problems Playfulness A sense of humor and an ability to experiment freely Productivity The ability to generate ideas easily and frequently and to follow through on those ideas Fluency A readiness to allow the free flow of ideas Analytical skill A talent for exploring problems taking them apart and nding out how things work Organizational skill Ability to put things back together in a coherent order Ancient Mediterranean Worlds 3000 BCE Africa Near East and Europe Much Prehistoric art seems to have been created for this purposeto make sense out of the universe and to exert some control over the forces of nature Beginning around 9000 BCE and continuing over the next four thousand years the Paleolithic Period or the Old Stone Age gradually gave way to the Neolithic or New Stone Age First the artists worked in durable materials such as stone metal and red clay Second the local environment is not destructive to artworks for instance the hot dry climate of Egypt provides an excellent milieu for preservation Third the culture was highly organized with stable population centers Great cities normally house the richest troves of artwork in any culture for they are where rulers dwell wealth is accumulated and artists congregate Fourth the culture had a tradition of caching its artworks in places of limited or no accessibility A huge portion of the ancient art that has survived comes from tombs or underground caves Mesopotamia Sumerians were the rst to inhabit in 3400 BCE Created their own writing system called Cuneiform Latin for quotwedge shaped for the next 3000 years Largest structure of a Sumerian city was the Ziggurat a temple or shrine raised on a monumental stepped base 0 In 2300 BCE Sumerian citystates had been conquered by their neighbors to the north the Akkadians under the rule of Sargon o The empire extended from the Mediterranean to the Persian Gulf Amorites Empire was more stable and longlived Around 1830 BCE Established a capital at Babylon 0 The most important legacy of the Babylonian Empire was a set of edicts and laws compiled under the rule of Hammurabi ruled 17921750 BCE known as Hammurabi s Code Assurnasirpal M an Assyrian ruler had a citadel built at Nimrud in the 9th Century BCE in norther Mesopotamia Assurnasirpal39s palace gates had statues carved into enormous human headed winged beasts a bull and a lion 0 On the side of the palace is the Lion Hunt slab In which the King is depicted slaying the most powerful beasts Babylonians again came into power in Mesopotamia in the late 7th Century BCE They formed a kingdom now called NeoBabylonian The New Babylonians are surely ranked among the great architects of the ancient world They developed a true arch before the Romans 0 Had a formidable leader Nebuchadnezzar an enthusiastic patron of the arts one who supported with money the arts and the artists who built a dazzling capital city at Babylon Ishtar Gate 575 BCE consists of thousands of glazed mud bricks with two massive towers anking a central arch Nebuchadnezzar would sit under the arch on ceremonial occasions Uffizi Florence Italy Founded in 1581 o It was ordered in 1560 by Cosimo I de39 Medici rst Grand Duke of Tuscany to house the administrative and judiciary of ces of Florence Cosimo called upon his favorite artist Giorgio Vasari to design the ushaped building we still can admire today 0 The Gallery was opened to public later in 1769 by Grand Duke Peter Leopold The Louvre Paris France 0 Established 1792 0 Holds the Mona Lisa Lascaux Cave 0 The site of a cave in SW France in the Dordogne contains Paleolithic wall drawings and paintings Contain mostly paintings of large animals Folk Art 0 Art produced from an indigenous culture or by peasants or other laboring tradespeople In contrast to ne art folk art is primarily utilitarian and decorative rather than purely aesthetic Consists of tools and usable items that are a form of art rather than art which is purely for visual enjoyment