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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aniyah Koepp on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SSC101 at California State Polytechnic University taught by SharonRachele in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/218129/ssc101-california-state-polytechnic-university in Social Sciences at California State Polytechnic University.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
Bernadette Bola os SSC 10101 Prof Rachele 24 Oct 2012 Midterm Study Guide 1 Barter Box 81 A trade of widgets without the exchange of money 2 Capitalism Box 81 An economic system in which the production of widgets are owned by 5 U D i gt 00 l O N NN WN private corporations that compete in a free market Correlation An association between 2 or more variables that states that one variable changes the other can be direct or indirect Culture Shock Box 62 The disorientation a person may feel when introduced to a new and unfamiliar culture Cultural Relativism The belief that any item of behavior should be judged rst in the appropriate context of the culture that it belongs to Ethnocentrism To judge another culture according to the criteria and values of one s own culture without cultural relativism GIS Geographic Information System Box 101 An integrated computer system for the input storage analysis and display of spatial information Globalization Box 82 Process of the denationalization of markets politics and legal systems which leads to a global economy The interdependence of economies has 3 driving forces 1falling trade barriers 2 cheaper transportation costs 3 And falling communication costs Hawthome Effect Box 34 The change in behavior of a test subject in an experiment as a result of the satisfaction of attention one receives changes experiment results Informed Consent When a test subject is made fully aware of the experiment and its purpose and gives their voluntary consent to participate Monopoly Box 81 A sole producer of a product for which there are no close substitutes Objectivity being free of bias impartial Participant Observation A type of experiment in which a researcher acts as a test subject in order to gain rsthand knowledge of the experiment Science A method of acquiring information and systematically arranged knowledge that attempts to explain and discover relationships between phenomena Socialism An economic system where all means of production are government owned based on Karl Marx Theory A comprehensive explanation of apparent relationships or underlying principles of certain observed phenomena certain but can be modi ed Natural Selection The evolutionary process in which the environment favors some organisms over others to reproduce survival of the fittest of struggle for existence Darwin The founder of natural selection and the evolutionary process wrote On the Origin of Species Extinction When all of a group of organisms normally a species has come to an end and died Creation Stories Stories that explain in mythological or religious terms how the universe and its creatures including humankind came to be Homo Sapiens Primates of the family Hominidae aka humans that originated from Africa around 50000 years ago Homo Erectus An extinct species of hominids and the oldest known early humans Bipedalism When an organism has only two feet to walk upright N WWW W WM NNN N JRWN OO OONON U W U Genus The taxonomy level between a family and a species that pertains to a group that share common characteristics Species The lowest level of the biological taxonomy that refers to a group of organisms that are capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring Mutation Accidental changes in genetic sequences of DNA mechanism for natural selection Phenotype An expression of an organism s genes that is are physical trait Hominid Any of a family Hominidae that includes erect bipedal primate mammals includes humans their ancestors and primates such as gorillas and chimps Melanin A pigment that is a primary determinant of skin color in humans Institutions Any structure or mechanism of social order and cooperation governing the behavior of a set of individuals within a given community Suttee A Hindu custom of a woman willingly being cremated on the funeral pyre of her husband as a way of indicating her devotion to him Polyandry A form of marriage in which a woman takes two or more husbands at a time Polygyny A form of marriage in which a man take two or more wives at a time Kinesics An interpretation of body language such as gestures or facial expressions nonverbal communication Senilicide The custom of killing the elderly once they can no longer contribute to a household This is practiced by the Eskimo people and the elderly are usually sent off on an ice berg to eventually freeze or starve to death
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