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by: Billie Osinski

AssetAllocationinTechnicalDecisionMaking EGR403

Marketplace > California State Polytechnic University > Engineering and Tech > EGR403 > AssetAllocationinTechnicalDecisionMaking
Billie Osinski
CSU Pomona
GPA 3.7


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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Billie Osinski on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to EGR403 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see /class/218172/egr403-california-state-polytechnic-university in Engineering and Tech at California State Polytechnic University.

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Date Created: 10/03/15
EGR Final Exam Review lHedonistic Calculus Based on the idea that there are no hierarchies of pleasure all are equal qualitatively these pleasures can be classi ed 7 different ways Intensity of pleasure Duration in time Certaintylikelihood of pleasure Remoteness How far away is the outcome Repeatability how likely can the pleasure be repeated Purity how much pain is accompanied in the pleasure Extent number of people affected 2 Mill s Modification to Bentham s theory Mill claimed there are 2 classes of pleasures higher and lower Lower Not unique to us shared with squirrels rats dogs This is important because without the distinction of the two we wouldn t recognize the need for higher pleasures And without higher pleasures we wouldn t have the wonderful things that make a human society great and worth promoting According to Bentham all pleasures clock in at the same value Without Higher pleasures all we d so is eat sleep and fuck and life would be just as gratifying Higher Pleasures l Intellect literacy logic emotional intelligence 2 Noble Feelings sympathy heroism empathy humility courage 3 Imagination moral imagination creativity innovative thinking 4 Moral sentiment justice honesty fairness 899P N1 3 Moral Conscience It is a collection of inner feelings desires and sentiments which constitute a motivating power within us This is a product of our community and upbringing but eventually becomes our own 4 Mill s adaptation is a re ection of Aristotle because it hinges on the fact that virtue is it s own reward and that the higher pleasures represent virtues that we should adopt simply because it is rewarding to have them Aristotle 5 Role of pleasure and pain for virtue IF it pains ou to do something good you are simply not a good person Good people simply wouldn t even think about doing bad things 7 Avirtue is a mean in the sense that it is based on the concept of moderation A virtue like courage is not cowardice however not rashness either Also a virtue like that which is righteous is neither envy nor malicious enjoyment The vice of a virtue is its polar opposite Courage would be cowardice modesty would be shamelessness 8 De ne good engineer by Aristotle s De nition a Something that is good serves its purpose and performs its function well b An engineer is de ned as a person who builds designs maintains engines machines or public works If the purpose of the engineer is to do that in the safest manner for the public Then a good engineer is a person who designs and builds devices the safest way possible very well 0 Kant 9 Universal Law states that the laws we apply to ourselves should be applicable to all rational agents of society This is aka the do unto others as they would to you law For example how embryonic stem cell research is wrong because if YOU were that embryo you wouldn t like being used for research The embryo has a right to life as a potential rational agent It is the underlying basis of human rights and equality 10 A utilitarian might break a promise to bene t a greater good the person most harmed by this would be expected to do the same by the promise breaker and no grudge would be held against the promise breaker Kant would claim that breaking a promise is inherently wrong because someone is counting on you to pull through If someone broke a promise Kant would express how this breaks the universal law as well as the categorical imperative of doing that which is right because it is right and respecting someone39s autonomy Breaking a promise to a person without their consent disrespects their self governance because it is making a decision directly regarding that person without including them in the decision making process 11 Kant s approach to ethics differs from Aristotle in the sense that Aristotle states that doing what is right comes with the right place at the right time with the right means right reason right way Kant is more focused on how all ethical decisions are rational and based on an a priori wo experience decision With Aristotle the right thing to do WILL become evident it relies on the person to trust in the world around them With Kant the right decision is ALWAYS evident because it is a cold calculated hard rational decision Applications 12 The Titanic sank because of multiple reasons The architect and the engineer lowered the walls in some of the watertight compartments for the aesthetics of the ship this caused the ship to sink faster The ship reversed thrusters when they should have sped up Rivets were sub par quality steel Nearby ship radios who could have helped were shut off The Titanic passed its inspection because standards had not yet been created for such large ships passing inspection was a problem because the number of lifeboats did not support the number of people on the ship itself were the ship to sink A lot of people died the day the ship sank and they were not informed of the de ciencies in safety prior to getting on 13 A whistleblower is someone who goes to an outside source after exhausting all communication and alarming resources within the company to stop them from making a grave ethical error They will often times be punished for speaking bravely against the company trying to cover up their mishaps preoples lives or safety are at risk then it is worth the whistleblower s career to see it through to the end A company might demote overload an employee with work load ostracize or even re them 14 A 15 John Stuart Mills a utilitarian would justify whistleblowing because it is an action that bene ts the greater good It is also a selfsacrificing endeavor which would be looked very highly upon in regards to Mills higher pleasures philosophy it would appeal to noble feelings section under heroism courage sympathy l6


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