Sociology Week 7 Notes
Sociology Week 7 Notes soci 243
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Saturday March 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to soci 243 at Towson University taught by Miho Iwata in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see sociology, race, class and gender in Liberal Arts at Towson University.
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Date Created: 03/19/16
3/22/16 rimination in A LowWage Labor Market by Pager Et Al • Categorical exclusion an immediate or automatic rejection of the black (or minority) candidate in favor of a white applicant • Shifting standards employers ’ evaluations of applicants appear actively shaped or constructed through racial lens • Racebased jobs channeling a process by which minority applicants are steered toward particular job types, often these characterized by greater physical demands and reduced customer contact Racializing The Glass Escalator by Wingfield • Previous works on Glass Escalator assume racial homogeneity of male workers • Intersection of race and gender different experiences for different men • Focus on black men in nursing • Gendered racism/racialized gender stereotypes, controlling images, beliefs dangerous threats to white women (rape) • Positive attributes of homegmonic masculine nor available to men of color • Unpleasant interactions with women coworkers • Discriminatory relationships with supervisors limited opportunities for promotion and upward mobility • White male nurses “doctors” or “supervisors” • Black male nurses “janitors” or “service workers” • Refusal of treatment by patients • Caring to help patients and combat racial health disparities Family • What are the key characteristics of traditional family? • What characteristics are central to the definition of family? • How have these changed over time? Has there been a stable definition of family? Are any of these characteristics necessary and sufficient for defining a family? • Were families in mid 20th century happier than families now? • Consensus definition: “groups of individual is who cohabit and are related by blood in the first degree, marriage or adoption” Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives • How would a functionalist explain gendered division of work? • Conflict perspective? • What are your ideals about sharing the housework? Families on the Fault Line: America’s Working Class Speaks About the Family, Economy, Race and Ethnicity by Rubin • Generational gap in expectation for (gendered) division of household tasks (younger men grant legitimacy to their wife ’s demands while older men generally do not) • Husbands share m any of the tasks but wives still bear full responsibility for the organization of the family life • Racial/ethnic difference — white male sharing due to necessity (different work shifts among them and/or males being employed) • Asian and Latino men residency in ethnic enclave • Child crd expenses different shifts strains on marriage and family life • Longer working hours less time for family leisure • Strains on family life regardless of class, but higher income can alleviate such strains • Time and energy for sex probably especially for twojob families Child Care Expenses Whose Responsible? • Is it couples ’ fault for their lack of family planning? • What are the state of employer sponsored child care in the U.S. • Government subsides? • Paid maternity/parental leaves? • In Japan, Parental leave: you are eligible to receive public assistance (50% of the pay) from the government up to 1 year You can continue receiving funds up to 1.5 years (the last 1/2 year lower amount) Employer benefitsvary Regular pay up to 8 weeks 70% up to 1 year Can take up a leave that is 3 years (without pay from employer for 2 years) Smaller companies different practices (patriarchal organization) Who Benefits From Existing Social Structure • “normal” Smash down all what you think is constrained by socialization ideologies to uphold the status quo don’t take anything as “given” society is by design, not “natural or “neutral” • Instead of focusing on individuals and “what they are supposed to do” — think in terms of what we as a community can do to ensure everyone’s well being, rights, access to resources • “My wellbeing depends on others wellbeing” Why Won’t African Americans Get and Stay • Marriage benefits, “norm” and idealized African Americans less likely to be and more likely to be females based households • Often pathelogized (immoral welfare dependency etc.) • Yet they often express greater support for traditional ideals and marriage • Marriage has been based in social norms and ideologies that were all odds with the cultural traditions and economic never institutionalized among them • Structural inequalities (class race and gender) Higher income and educational affairs Marriage and marital stability Low income women are less likely to marry men who cannot continue to their economic support • Marriage glorified as a norm, health and wellbeing, reduce poverty, children • But the benefits of marriage are not the same for every couples (interlocking systems of oppression) • Extended family relationships for children