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Sociology Week 7 Notes

by: Ariel Kamen

Sociology Week 7 Notes soci 243

Marketplace > Towson University > Liberal Arts > soci 243 > Sociology Week 7 Notes
Ariel Kamen

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About this Document

These are the notes we covered this week.
sociology, race, class and gender
Miho Iwata
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ariel Kamen on Saturday March 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to soci 243 at Towson University taught by Miho Iwata in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see sociology, race, class and gender in Liberal Arts at Towson University.


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Date Created: 03/19/16
3/22/16                      rimination in A Low­Wage Labor Market by Pager Et Al • Categorical exclusion ­ an immediate or automatic rejection of the black (or minority) candidate  in favor of a white applicant • Shifting standards employers ’ evaluations of applicants appear actively shaped or constructed  through racial lens • Race­based jobs channeling­ a process by which minority applicants are steered toward  particular job types, often these characterized by greater physical demands and reduced  customer contact Racializing The Glass Escalator by Wingfield • Previous works on Glass Escalator assume racial homogeneity of male workers • Intersection of race and gender ­ different experiences for different men  • Focus on black men in nursing • Gendered racism/racialized gender     ­ stereotypes, controlling images, beliefs     ­ dangerous threats to white women (rape) • Positive attributes of homegmonic masculine nor available to men of color • Unpleasant interactions with women coworkers • Discriminatory relationships with supervisors    ­ limited opportunities for promotion and upward mobility • White male nurses ­  “doctors” or “supervisors” • Black male nurses ­  “janitors” or “service workers” • Refusal of treatment by patients • Caring ­ to help patients and combat racial health disparities Family • What are the key characteristics of traditional family? •  What characteristics are central to the definition of family? • How have these changed over time? Has there been a stable definition of family? Are any of  these characteristics necessary and sufficient for defining a family? •  Were families in mid 20th century happier than families now? • Consensus definition:  “groups of individual is who cohabit and are related by blood in the first  degree, marriage or adoption” Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives  • How would a functionalist explain gendered division of work? • Conflict perspective? • What are your ideals about sharing the housework? Families on the Fault Line: America’s Working Class Speaks About the Family, Economy, Race  and Ethnicity by Rubin • Generational gap in expectation for (gendered) division of household tasks (younger men grant  legitimacy to their wife ’s demands while older men generally do not) •  Husbands share m any of the tasks but wives still bear full responsibility for the organization of  the family life  • Racial/ethnic difference     — white male ­ sharing due to necessity (different work shifts among them and/or males  being employed) • Asian and Latino men ­ residency in ethnic enclave • Child crd expenses ­ different shifts ­ strains on marriage and family life • Longer working hours ­ less time for family leisure • Strains on family life regardless of class, but higher income can alleviate such strains •  Time and energy for sex ­ probably especially for two­job families Child Care Expenses ­ Whose Responsible? • Is it couples ’ fault for their lack of family planning? • What are the state of employer sponsored child ­ care in the U.S.  • Government subsides? • Paid maternity/parental leaves? • In Japan,      ­ Parental leave: you are eligible to receive public assistance (50% of the pay) from the  government up to 1 year      ­ You can continue receiving funds up to 1.5 years (the last 1/2 year lower amount)      ­ Employer benefits­vary      ­ Regular pay up to 8 weeks      ­ 70% up to 1 year      ­ Can take up a leave that is 3 years (without pay from employer for 2 years)      ­ Smaller companies ­ different practices (patriarchal organization) Who Benefits From Existing Social Structure •  “normal” Smash down all what you think is     ­ constrained by socialization    ­ ideologies to uphold the status quo    ­ don’t take anything as “given”    ­ society is by design, not “natural or “neutral” • Instead of focusing on individuals and  “what they are supposed to do” — think in terms of what  we as a community can do to ensure everyone’s well being, rights, access to resources • “My well­being depends on others well­being” Why Won’t African Americans Get and Stay • Marriage benefits,  “norm” and idealized African Americans less likely to be and more likely to be females based households • Often pathelogized (immoral welfare dependency etc.) • Yet they often express greater support for traditional ideals and marriage •  Marriage has been based in social norms and ideologies that were all odds with the cultural  traditions and economic never institutionalized among them • Structural inequalities (class race and gender)    ­ Higher income and educational affairs    ­ Marriage and marital stability    ­ Low income women are less likely to marry men who cannot continue to their economic  support • Marriage ­ glorified as a norm, health and well­being, reduce poverty, children • But the benefits of marriage are not the same for every couples (interlocking systems of  oppression) • Extended family relationships for children


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