CL 113 Lecture 19
CL 113 Lecture 19 CL 113LEC
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Saturday March 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 03/19/16
Lecture 19: March 11 Iphitus & Heracles They go to the top of the tower looking for his father’s cattle Heracles pushes Iphitus to his death o This is the 2ndsin of the triple-sinning warrior Triple-Sinning warrior Cowardly killing of a warrior- Iphitus nd Sin against the realm of the 2 function nd Oracle says that Heracles must be a slave due to the 2 sin Sold at a slave market purchased by the highest bidder Will have to be a slave for 1 year Omphale Queen of Lydia She purchases Heracles as her slave o Assigns him women’s chores (work around the house) & dresses him in women’s clothes Both Heracles and Achilles spend time in cross-dressing Achilles Educated by a centaur: Chiron Body of a horse Greatest of all teachers Thetis premonition—if he goes to war he will not come back Thetis’ plan Sends Achilles to island of Scyros where he hides so he does not have to go to war o Lives among the daughters of King Lycomedes o He dresses like the daughters wearing women’s clothing Aulis Greeks meet/gather here 2 Greeks are sent out in search of Achilles: Odysseus and Diomedes (different from the one in 12 labors of Heracles) o On the island of Scyros, Achilles is revealed through the test of weapons and how he reacts to them because he does not react as a girl would King of Calydon: Oeneus Wife: Althaea is expecting a child—Meleager Moerae are present during the birth of Meleager o They tell Althaea that her baby is going to die o Althaea cheats the fates and locks away the log that was going to kill her baby Moerae—control our destiny Daughters of Zeus—there are three of them 1. Clotho (spinner) o Spins out thread that is assigned to us 2. Lachesis (a portioner) o She measures the length of the thread assigned to each of us o Some have longer threads than others 3. Atropus—most dreaded (inflexible/not turning) o She is the fate that cuts the thread which brings an end to life Meleager Grows up to be a powerful young warrior Heracles ran into him in Hades during his 12 labor o Tells him to marry his sister because he is worried about her Artemis Oeneus forgets to sacrifice to Artemis Feels neglected-sends a giant bull to Calydon killing animals and people Leads to the expedition of the Calydonian Boar Hunt o All the great warriors from Greece participate o Among the warriors: Atalanta o She strikes the boar with her spear—wounding it o Meleager kills the boar He gives the prize to Atalanta because he likes her His family is upset because they are supposed to receive the prize if Meleager doesn’t want it He kills his uncles Althaea is furious and removes the log that she once locked away and Meleager dies Deianira Sister of Meleager—Heracles wants to marry her River god Achelou wants to marry her too o Has to fight a god for her hand in marriage—he wins After they get married, they come upon a river— Heracles has to get Deianira across the flooded river o Centaur named Nessus offers to carry her on his back across the river Rapes her when they get across the river o Heracles strikes Nessus in the heart with his bow & arrow As he’s dying he says, collect my blood and keep it in a vile because ‘There’s going to come a day when Heracles will stop loving you, you can reenergize his passion for you by sprinkling my blood on his garments’ o But really the blood is poisoned due to the Lernaean Hydra Iolaus Nephew of Heracles He had helped him with killing the hydra Astydamia Her father is King Ormenius Heracles wants her—asks her father but he denies because he’s already married o He kills the king and abducts Astydamia Heracles goes back to Eurytus kills him and the remaining sons and abducts Iole Third sin of triple-sinning warrior Sin against realm of fertility/sensuality Murdering King Ormenius and Eurytus and abducting Astydamia and Iole Heracles is proud of himself o He thinks he achieved this due to Zeus—wants to offer him a sacrifice Deianira—reenergizes Heracles’ passion for her Heracles is wearing a robe while performing the sacrifice Deianira put the poison on his robe and now he is dying a painful death o The fire from the ritual makes the poison sink into his skin painfully Oracle says to: Burns his body in a funeral pyre and his immortality ascends to Mt. Olympus and becomes a god He marries Hebe Hellenic & Indo-Iranian sub-families are closely related to each other Indo-Iranian’s keep alive their PIE mythic traditions (unlike the Greeks) Evidence of Indo-Iranian: 1. Mitanni 15 century B.C.—Northern Mesopotamia Rulers with Indo-Iranian names: Artatama Maryanni—name given to the best warriors of Mitanni Sanskrit word marya= young warrior Language: Hurrian
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