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CL 113 Lecture 19

by: Lauren Palermo

CL 113 Lecture 19 CL 113LEC

Lauren Palermo
GPA 4.0

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Myth & Religion Anc World
Woodard, R D
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Saturday March 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.

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Date Created: 03/19/16
Lecture 19: March 11 Iphitus & Heracles  They go to the top of the tower looking for his father’s cattle  Heracles pushes Iphitus to his death o This is the 2ndsin of the triple-sinning warrior Triple-Sinning warrior  Cowardly killing of a warrior- Iphitus nd  Sin against the realm of the 2 function nd Oracle says that Heracles must be a slave due to the 2 sin  Sold at a slave market purchased by the highest bidder  Will have to be a slave for 1 year Omphale  Queen of Lydia  She purchases Heracles as her slave o Assigns him women’s chores (work around the house) & dresses him in women’s clothes Both Heracles and Achilles spend time in cross-dressing Achilles  Educated by a centaur: Chiron  Body of a horse  Greatest of all teachers  Thetis premonition—if he goes to war he will not come back Thetis’ plan  Sends Achilles to island of Scyros where he hides so he does not have to go to war o Lives among the daughters of King Lycomedes o He dresses like the daughters wearing women’s clothing Aulis  Greeks meet/gather here  2 Greeks are sent out in search of Achilles: Odysseus and Diomedes (different from the one in 12 labors of Heracles) o On the island of Scyros, Achilles is revealed through the test of weapons and how he reacts to them because he does not react as a girl would King of Calydon: Oeneus  Wife: Althaea is expecting a child—Meleager  Moerae are present during the birth of Meleager o They tell Althaea that her baby is going to die o Althaea cheats the fates and locks away the log that was going to kill her baby Moerae—control our destiny  Daughters of Zeus—there are three of them 1. Clotho (spinner) o Spins out thread that is assigned to us 2. Lachesis (a portioner) o She measures the length of the thread assigned to each of us o Some have longer threads than others 3. Atropus—most dreaded (inflexible/not turning) o She is the fate that cuts the thread which brings an end to life Meleager  Grows up to be a powerful young warrior  Heracles ran into him in Hades during his 12 labor o Tells him to marry his sister because he is worried about her Artemis  Oeneus forgets to sacrifice to Artemis  Feels neglected-sends a giant bull to Calydon killing animals and people  Leads to the expedition of the Calydonian Boar Hunt o All the great warriors from Greece participate o Among the warriors: Atalanta o She strikes the boar with her spear—wounding it o Meleager kills the boar  He gives the prize to Atalanta because he likes her  His family is upset because they are supposed to receive the prize if Meleager doesn’t want it  He kills his uncles  Althaea is furious and removes the log that she once locked away and Meleager dies Deianira  Sister of Meleager—Heracles wants to marry her  River god Achelou wants to marry her too o Has to fight a god for her hand in marriage—he wins  After they get married, they come upon a river— Heracles has to get Deianira across the flooded river o Centaur named Nessus offers to carry her on his back across the river  Rapes her when they get across the river o Heracles strikes Nessus in the heart with his bow & arrow  As he’s dying he says, collect my blood and keep it in a vile because ‘There’s going to come a day when Heracles will stop loving you, you can reenergize his passion for you by sprinkling my blood on his garments’ o But really the blood is poisoned due to the Lernaean Hydra Iolaus  Nephew of Heracles  He had helped him with killing the hydra Astydamia  Her father is King Ormenius  Heracles wants her—asks her father but he denies because he’s already married o He kills the king and abducts Astydamia Heracles goes back to Eurytus kills him and the remaining sons and abducts Iole Third sin of triple-sinning warrior  Sin against realm of fertility/sensuality  Murdering King Ormenius and Eurytus and abducting Astydamia and Iole  Heracles is proud of himself o He thinks he achieved this due to Zeus—wants to offer him a sacrifice Deianira—reenergizes Heracles’ passion for her  Heracles is wearing a robe while performing the sacrifice  Deianira put the poison on his robe and now he is dying a painful death o The fire from the ritual makes the poison sink into his skin painfully Oracle says to:  Burns his body in a funeral pyre and his immortality ascends to Mt. Olympus and becomes a god  He marries Hebe Hellenic & Indo-Iranian sub-families are closely related to each other  Indo-Iranian’s keep alive their PIE mythic traditions (unlike the Greeks) Evidence of Indo-Iranian: 1. Mitanni  15 century B.C.—Northern Mesopotamia  Rulers with Indo-Iranian names: Artatama  Maryanni—name given to the best warriors of Mitanni  Sanskrit word marya= young warrior  Language: Hurrian


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