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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miss Clare Feeney on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AG101 at California State Polytechnic University taught by FranklinYee in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see /class/218262/ag101-california-state-polytechnic-university in Agriculture and Forestry at California State Polytechnic University.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
Ariss Dylan AG 101 10 AM 18 January 2011 A Decade of Agriculture Agriculture is the lifeblood of the world None of the 224 countries around the globe can survive without making agriculture a central part of their economics Agriculture by definition is the production processing marketing and use of foods fibers and byproducts from plant crops and animals Not all countries have a thriving level of animals and crops39 nonetheless these countries are forced to import anything and everything they don t have in order to sustain their populations The purpose of this essay is to examine the agricultural society of the United States China and India and to discuss their population growth the amount of workers in their agricultural system and whether or not these countries will become selfsustaining within the next two decades My opinion is that in the next 10 years India will have the largest increase in population followed by the United States and that China will have the smallest increase India by population is currently the second largest country in the world39 China is number one The population growth rate is currently at 13 per year39 five years ago it was at 14 per year Essentially in 10 years that means that the population will rise by roughly twelve million without counting immigrants and emigrants The United States is currently third by population with only about 310 million citizens Although that is a small number compared to India s the current population growth rate of the United States is at 09 Therefore our population will still rise at a steady rate despite the slowest decade of population growth since the Great Depression Nasser China on the other hand has already had its rapid eXpansion in its population It is the most populated country on the planet and still growing which concerns Chinese officials They believe they need to slow growth in cities such as Beijing because they have already brought tremendous pressure on the environment and resources Xuequan Initially the government implemented a onechild policy in 1978 that restricts each household to only one child so as to lower their fertility rates As of right now that policy will remain in effect until at least 2015 Thus percentage wise India will have the largest population increase and within the decade will overtake China in population while the United States will remain in the position of third most populous country I believe that the percent of people involved in agriculture in China and the United States will rise or remain the same while in India it will decrease China currently has over a third of its population employed in the agriculture industry which does not contribute to even 10 of its GDP Although so many are working in the agriculture industry many people are migrating to China s cities for better opportunities The UN has estimated that within the decade about 5 billion people will live in cities mainly in Asia although countries including China India Malaysia and the Philippines have all implemented special economic zones SEZs 2 and other strategies to bolster essential infrastructure Berezowsky These zones and their benefits will help ensure that many farmers and their children remain where they are In the United States the percentage of workers in the agriculture industry is less than 1 A third of this percent is comprised of illegal immigrants and their families while the rest is occupied by farmers of the Midwest The rate of illegal immigration remains relatively steady while the percent of Americans not attending college is slowly rising due to tuition and intelligence This means many Americans will take the easy jobs or take over the family business meaning that most farmers will be succeeded by their own children which keeps the industry s numbers equal In India on the other hand future development projects will actually limit the amount of eXpansion available to agriculture India is beginning a process of decentralization in order to shift the pressure from agriculture onto industries Companies will begin placing facilities in rural areas in order to create job opportunities and to replace land that is difficult to cultivate Now due to the caste system in place many families usually remain in the jobs they have with their 0 children succeeding them but the government wants every agricultural family to have at least one person working in the industry Kulthe Therefore families that normally dedicate their all to their crops and livestock will now lose at least one member of their family to work in the industrial factories After a decade of these conditions India will most likely be the country most affected as it will lose workers while China and the US will remain roughly the same I think that in the next 20 years the United States will be able to sustain itself while China will not India in contrast has supported itself for the last 20 years Yee India not only has a lot of decent land but with over half the population in the agriculture industry they know what they re doing The main problem in their food production isn t a shortage or famine but rather high in ation and low efficiency Recently Indian economists have begun to take measures to boost farm productivity and improve the supply of agricultural products that should turn the situation around ET Bureau The United States already has the necessary tools and materials needed to selfsustain We have great land with lots of owing water throughout the country we produce some of the most agricultural products and most importantly we are the most technologically advanced Increased food shortages in other countries will begin to push U S agricultural exports up 16 percent to a record 1265 billion this year Bj erga Considering that our eXports are only agricultural products not needed for our own populace then I can assume that we easily have enough to sustain ourselves Plus with a boom in the farm economy and more money coming in from the eXports our agricultural production centers will be able to afford better equipment and supplies Conversely China s main hindrance to supporting itself is its large and growing population China has enough land to enable a self sustaining system but not only is half of the land old and wornout but not all of it can be utilized due to mountains and other environmental conditions Of late the Chinese government made the decision to annex Tibet for the unstated purpose of acquiring their supply of water The government then had a massive dam built to not only save the water of the Yangtze River but also to generate electricity Despite a water shortage China is also struggling with hyperin ation and dramatic increases in food costs as well as severe food shortages Delaney Therefore India will continue to sustain itself and the United States is capable of turning itself into a selfsupporting country while China will need to repair major issues in their economy and agricultural industry in order to possibly have a chance to become autonomous in the next 20 years In conclusion the industry of agriculture is fundamental to the growth of all nations no matter how different they may be Many factors in uence it like the population as a whole the population involved with the industry and even the ability to be selfsufficient In my opinion India is the best off in the coming decade because not only will it become the most populous country in the world but it will also have enough workers in its industry to continue its agricultural autonomy Although the United States is better off overall compared to China both countries have progress to be made if they truly want to become superpowers Bibliography Berezowsky Taras 2011 The Growth of Cities How Urban Sprawl in China and India Moves Markets Metal Miner Retrieved from http agmetahninercom 201 1011 4thegrowth of citieshow urban sprawlinchinaandindia movesmarkets Bjerga Alan amp Dreibus Tony 2011 Record Food Prices Causing Africa Riots Stoke US Farm Economy Bloomberg Businessweek Retrieved from http wwwbusinessweekcomnews201 10117recordfoodprices causingafrica riotsstokeu sfarmeconomy html Delaney Elizabeth 2011 Chinese President admits to country s looming economic crisis Examinercom Retrieved from http www examinercom christianitypoliticsin national chine sepresident admitstocountrysloomingeconomiccrisis ET Bureau 2011 Economists tell FM to take steps to boost farm output The Economic Times Retrieved from http economictimesindiatimes comnewseconomypolicyeconomiststell fmtotake step stoboo st farmoutpuU articleshow 73 08654 cms Kulthe Bhagyashree 201 1 Decentralisation will create jobs in rural areas Prithviraj Chavan Daily News amp Analysis Retrieved from http www dnaindiacommumbaireportdecentralisationwill createj ob s inruralareasprithvirajchavan1494862 Nasser Haya El amp Overberg Paul 2011 US population growth slowed still envied USA Today Retrieved from http wwwusatoday comnewsnationcensus201 10106us populationNhtmcsp34news Xuequan Mu 2011 Political advisor calls for tolerance as Beijing vows to control population growth Xin Hua News Retrieved from http newsXinhuanetcomenglish2010china201 10117c136933 84htm Yee Franklin Class Lecture Agriculture and the Modern World California Polytechnic University Pomona Pomona CA 13 Jan 2011
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