PSYC 2010- Chapter 11 Notes Part II (not knowledge checklist)
PSYC 2010- Chapter 11 Notes Part II (not knowledge checklist) Psyc 2010-003
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Dimery on Saturday March 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 2010-003 at Clemson University taught by Edwin G. Brainerd in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 03/19/16
Chapter 11 Personality (continued) Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud was the founder Unconscious Mental processes This theory is the oldest theory still taught on a regular basis o Over 100 years old It was greatly affected by the Victorian Era- sex and sexual expression were almost absolutely forbidden and women were covered basically from head to toe Freud had a clinician’s interest in abnormal behavior and he was in a private practice He was afraid of his father doing physical harm to him We now know more about psychology than Freud did He based a lot of his thoughts off of sex because of the era that he was in o He sees it as one of the primary human motives Most of our behavior comes from the unconscious- the part that we actually show others is very small Freud’s Parts of Personality Id o Pleasure principle o Primary-process thinking o Our basic body needs and wants o Infants run almost completely on this o First part to develop o Wants gratification immediately regardless of the costs involved o Completely unconscious o Absolutely irrational- automatic reaction Ego o Reality principle o Secondary-process principle o Mediates between the needs of the organism and the environment o Wants you to have the good stuff, but it also wants you to consider the costs involved o Only part that is rational o Partially unconscious o Some is in the preconscious- stuff that we’re not thinking about all the time but we can bring it up very quickly o Slightly in the conscious o Based on practicality o Does not make moral choices, only practical Superego o Moral o Imperatives o Real choices about right and wrong o Two parts: Ego ideal- rewards you when you behave correctly and do the right thing. Contains the positive values of society Conscience- feeling bad about your behavior- automatic reaction to anything fun is “no” o Perfection principle o Just as irrational as the Id We are constantly at war because we can’t have two things both ways It is impossible for the Ego to mediate when you have two irrational things As humans we’re in an uncomfortable situation- Freud says this causes anxiety If Id becomes too powerful then the person becomes amoral, impulsive, abusive of others and in trouble with the law. They are calm in extreme situations because they are wired differently form normal people o Psychopath- now called antisocial personality If Superego becomes too powerful then the person becomes perpetually guilty, anxious, unhappy, and rigid o Neurotic- now called anxiety disorder