Basic Skills for Multilingual Speakers
Basic Skills for Multilingual Speakers ENG 98
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mrs. Tianna Leannon on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENG 98 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see /class/218420/eng-98-california-state-polytechnic-university in Foreign Language at California State Polytechnic University.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
Comparison and Contrast Essays A comparison and contrast essay may discuss only similarities only differences but more often than not both comparison and contrast is used The essay may be organised in one oftwo patterns Either is acceptable but mixing patterns is not Review the two patterns below carefully noting the differences in structure that each presents gtPattern A The Block Method Present all the information about A and then present parallel information about B This pattern tends to work better for shorter papers and those with few subtopics It can be used when you have three or more principal similarities or differences First All of A Second All of B point l plus support point l plus support point 2 plus support point 2 plus support point 3 plus support point 3 plus support The danger built into Pattern A is that the writer can end up with two separate essays instead of one unified comparison and contrast essay To insure unity take note ofthe following guidelines Each subtopic in Part I must also be discussed in Part II Subtopics should be discussed in the same order in both parts Subtopics in Part II should generally include reminders ofthe point made about the same subtopic in Part gtPattern B The PointbyPoint Method Present one point about A and then go to the parallel point about B Move to the next point and do the same thing This pattern tends to work better for long papers and those with many sub topics Use this pattern when you have only two principal similarities or differences First A point 1 plus support Then B point 1 plus support Then A point 2 plus support Then B point 2 plus support Then A point 3 plus support Then B point 3 plus support gtGuidelines for a Successful ComparisonContrast Essay Choose items that are related in some way so they can be compared or contrasted Compare according to a single organized idea Choose a method of development that works well with your organizing idea Use specific and relevant examples for support Give equal treatment to both elements that you are discussing Use transitional words or phrases to help the reader understand the similarities and differences in your subject Conclude your paper by restating your thesis summarizing the main points and give the reader the nal so what of the major similarities andor differences that you discussed gtOutlines of Sample Essays Thesis Although dogs are often called man s best friend cats make more convenient pets Block Method Outline Part A Point 1 Cats can clean themselves Point 2 Cats can exercise by themselves Point 3 Cats do not require training Part B Point 1 In contrast to cats dogs need baths Point 2 Unlike cats dogs must be walked regularly Point 3 Whereas cats need no training dogs must be trained PointbyPoint Method Outline Point 1 Para 1 Cats can clean themselves Para 2 In contrast to cats dogs need baths Point 2 Para 3 Cats can exercise by themselves Para 4 Unlike cats dogs must be walked regularly Point 3 Para 5 Cats do not require training Para 6 Whereas cats need no training dogs must be trained Note that the transitions used in each outline in contrast to unlike whereas emphasise the distinction being made between cats and dogs For a more detailed list of transitions see the Transition Signals handout in the Writing Centre