Justice Chapters 2,3
Justice Chapters 2,3 FDCIV 101-04
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Makayla Notetaker on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FDCIV 101-04 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Duane Allen Adamson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Civil Society in OTHER at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
Justice Michael Sandel Notes According to Danford Chapter 5 Machiavelli argues that we should build society around expectations of human behavior at our worst Aristotle and Plato on the other hand argue that we should build society around the best of human potential Which do you believe to be the better approach Can you think of speci c examples where societal norms or more formal laws promote the best or worst of us I believe the worst situations bring out our true selves In that situation you have nothing but yourself no wealth barely surviving tragedy Most people are either extremely humbled and make the best of it or they turn into monsters lf put in the best situations most will take it for granted and humans will have many things to hide their true selves behind If they earned it that39s different but I think Plato and Aristotle were thinking about a society that tries to provide for its citizens The social expectation to get good grades has a generally good outcome if students do well tax dollars aren39t being wasted students learn obedience and discipline and we hope they learn things The presence of police cars can be reassuring tax dollars are working and there s a kind of sense of security when we feel safe outside our homes happiness tends to increase What is Utilitarianism What is Libertarianism What is the relationship of these two chapters in Sandel to the tension between freedom and society described in Danford Utilitarianism the principle of mortality is to maximize happiness the overall balance of pleasure over pain This theory of philosophy takes this principle of mortality and makes it the basis of laws what will maximize the happiness of the community Basically the pursuit of happiness is everything One would argue that taxing the rich to give to the poor would overall increase social happiness since there is more poor than rich and the rich would not be as sad as the poor people would be happy Libertarianism Oppose government regulations untouched markets You can do whatever you want with your resources No paternalism no enforced morals in law no wealth redistribution In the same 39taxing the rich scenario one would argue that as long as the wealth is honest it is the rich person s money not the government39s to take any disperse Even if it s for a 39good cause39 the government is still playing Robin Hood and is thus still stealing an act usually prohibited by law assuming you live in a place where the law is about the enforcers 0 Utility Jeremy Bentham whatever produces pleasure or happiness and also reducesprevents pain and suffering o Objection Fail to respect all individual rights because one looks at society39s whole Throwing Christians to lions to entertain crowds Tortured girl for the beautiful city 0 Objection lt translates all moral goods into a single value thus losing the signi cance of some goods 0 Feelings of pain and pleasure govern what we do our sovereign masters 0 Some of Bentham39s ideas Using prisoners to produce useful labor for society or companies A workhouse for the poor to keep them off the streets 0 Mill Should maximize utility for the long run doing so by respecting individual rights trying to make Utilitarianism less rigorous o Paternalism an authority gure restricting his subordinates for their supposed best interest seatbelt laws helmet laws SUMMARY Utilitarianism The ends justify the means greatest good for greatest number of people A military draft is an example Libertarianism One39s right to do whatever one wants greater good for individual the needs of the one outweigh the needs of the many You own yourself Laissez faire is an example These principles are extremes On a spectrum all societies lie somewhere between these two principles
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