Roots of Freedom Ch 5,7,8
Roots of Freedom Ch 5,7,8 FDCIV 101-04
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Makayla Notetaker on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FDCIV 101-04 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Duane Allen Adamson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Civil Society in OTHER at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
Roots of Freedom John Danford Chapters 578 According to Danford what are the two principles of Machiavelli39s approach to poHch 1 He thinks we are always at war or preparing for it there is no real peace 2 People express their 39true nature39 when they are in the worst conditions not the best What are the main points of Thomas Hobbes39 view of natural rights We in the state of nature have the right to seek peace usually by forming societies They have the right to pursue anything and everything that will preserve life According to Hobbes what motivates human behavior He said that all human behavior can be broken down to 39motion toward39 appetite and 39motion away from39 aversion What does Hobbes mean by quotconsentquot and quotsovereigntyquot Consent agree on feel the same way toward Sovereignty The ability to do what one would want freedom There39s individual sovereignty national sovereignty etc a 39 ctional person39 where a man gives up something he wants as long as another gives up something he wants the sovereign assumes the rights that were renounced particularly the right to punish anyone on our own it also enforces 39covenants39 by force How does John Locke39s ideas challenge and transform Hobbes39 ideas He argued the sovereign must be limited to prevent an oppressive government He puts emphasis on property how the Earth is given to men 39in common39 but whatever men take from the Earth with their own labors makes it his property One39s private property is not 39a social convention39 however a man is only entitled to his property before it spoils so he cannot take more property for himself then what he can use before it spoils so it can be used by others Danford believes that Locke doesn39t consider money the cause of contention or scarcity Why Money is different from property for it cannot spoil The natural man is concerned with scarcity and want until money is invented and now men can work hard and accumulate thus freeing them of scarcity of things that spoil Without money men have no incentive to work harder than what is needed to obtain what will spoil The ideas of Machiavelli Hobbes and Locke such as consent selfinterest sovereignty and property have been important in Western Europe and North America Are these ideas universal Do they apply in all societies Would they hold up in Africa China Latin America Notes 0 No of course they39re not universal If it were more so America wouldn39t nearly be so sought after Countries like Russia and China are too oppressive in their central governments to be considered in line with principles such as sovereignty consent and property Latin America also suppresses the people39s needs and is known for its civil outbursts I can understand why our founding fathers were so excited for the new government they were creating for it honored and served the people not the people completely submitting to the government and the government might provide some bene ts rights andor protection Scholasticism a philosophy based on Aristotle to express theological and political theories According to views like Plato and Aristotle man is by nature a political being one with the community Machiavelli He basically saw everything in a horrible reality People are more individually concerned not truly concerned with the community private life is what matters and people pay little attention to politics Humans are ruthless and sel sh in true nature especially in material things and money There is no 39common good it39s always someone39s selfinterest Hobbes 39Sate of Nature39 a condition in political science that human would be in all law and culture were dissolved A man can seek power wealth and reputation to prepare for tomorrow Men are not equally talented or intelligent or such but men are politically equal 39Covenant39 an agreement where a man gives up something he wants as long as another gives up something he wants There39s a nice summary of Hobbes39 points at the end of Chapter 7 Locke Property men39s lives liberties and estates Men form societies to preserve their property