Lecture Notes along with Definitions
Lecture Notes along with Definitions H E 5440
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Notetaker on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to H E 5440 at Wayne State University taught by Dr. Steven Singleton in Winter 2015. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Mental Health & Substance Abuse in Education and Teacher Studies at Wayne State University.
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Lecture Notes 0 0 Mental Health a person s condition with regard to their psychological and emotional wellbeing Mental Illness refers to a wide range of mental health conditions disorders that affect your mood thinking and behavior Examples of mental illness include depression anxiety disorders schizophrenia eating disorders and addictive behaviors Psychiatrist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders Psychologist evaluates diagnoses treats and studies behavior and mental processes DSMI Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Criteria for determination whether a condition meets for a mental disorder Role Impairment Subjective Distress unhappy DSM Diagnostic amp Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders does not deal with efrology prevention or treatment a Neurodevelopmental Disorders are a group of conditions with onset in the developmental period Autism spectrum disorder AttentionDeficitHyperactivity Disorder Communication Disorders language disorder speech sound disorder social pragmatic communication disorder and childhoodonset uency disorder b Schizophrenia Spectrum and other Psychotic Disorder Delusions are xed beliefs that are not amenable to changein light of con icting evidence Hallucinations are perceptionlike experiences that occur without an external stimulus Disorganized Thinking Speech is typically inferred from the individual s speech Grossly DisorganizedAbnormal Motor Behavior Including Catatonia Grossly Disorganized may manifest itself in a variety of ways ranging from childlike to unpredictable agitation Catatonic Behavior is marked decrease in reactivity to the environment ranges from resistance to instructions to maintaining a rigid inappropriate or bizarre posture to a complete lack of verbal and motor responses Negative Symptoms account for a substantial portion of the morbidity associated with schizophrenia but are less prominent in other psychotic disorders c Bipolar Disorders manic hypomanic major depressive environmental genetic amp physiological risks suicide risk d Anxiety Disorders i Generalized Anxiety Disorder is distinguished from generalized anxiety disorder in that the anxiety re dominantly concerns separation from attachment gures ii Panic Disorder threats of separation may lead to extreme anxiety amp even a panic attack iii Agoraphobia those with separation anxiety disorder aren t anxious about being trapped or incapacitated in situations iv Conduct Disorder school avoidance responsible for school absences v Society Anxiety Disorder the school avoidance is due to fear of being judged negativity by others rather than to worries about being separated e Trauma amp Stressor Related Disorders i Reactive Attachment Disorders don t allow other people to comfort them ii Post Dramatic Stress Disorder fear of separation from loved ones is common after traumatic events f Dissociative Disorders i Dissociative Identity Disorder multiple personality disorder recurrent gaps in the recall of everyday events important personal information etc g Somatic Symptom amp Related Disorders Disproportionate and persistent thoughts about the seriousness of one s symptoms Persistently high level anxiety about health or symptoms Excessive time and energy devoted to these symptoms or heath concerns h Feeding amp Eating Disorders i Anorexia Nervosa the other feeding and eating disorders by the consumption of nonnutritive nonfood substances ii Bulimia Nervosa spitting out of food as a means of disposing of ingested calories bc of concerns about weight gain iii AvoidantRestrictive Food Intake Disorder may exhibit signi cant weight loss or signi cant nutritional de ciency but don t have a fear of gaining weight or of becoming fat nor do have a disturbances in the way they experience their body shape and weight iv BingeEating Disorder eating in a discrete period of time 2hr a sense of lack of control over eating during the episode eating much more rapidly than normal i Sleepwake Disorder i Insomnia Disorder a predominant complaint of dissatisfaction with sleep quantity or quality dif culty initiating sleep dif culty maintaining sleep and earlymorning awakening with inability to return to sleep ii Narcolepsy may cause insomnia lapsing into sleep iii Hypersomnolence Disorder selfreported excessive sleepiness dif culty being fully awake after abrupt awakening Parasomnias J Sexual Dysfunctions i Delayed Ejaculation marked or infrequency approx 75100 ii Erective Disorder approx 75100 marked dif culty in obtaining an erection during sexual activity marked decrease in erectile rigidity iii Female Orgasmic Disorder approx 75100 marked delay in marked infrequency of or absence or orgasm markedly reduced intensity of orgasmic sensations iv Female Sexual InterestArousal Disorder absentreduced in sexual activity absentreduced sexualerotic thoughts or fantasies v GenitoPelvic PainPenetration Disorder vaginal penetration during intercourse marked tensing or tightening of the pelvic oor muscles during attempted vaginal penetration vi Male Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder persistentlyrecurrent de cient or absent sexualerotic thoughts of fantasies amp desWe for sexual activity vii Premature early Ejaculation a persistent or recurrent pattern of ejaculation occurring during partnered sexual activity within approx one minute following vaginal penetration amp before the individual wishes it viii SubstanceMedication Induced Sexual Dysfunction a clinically signi cant disturbance in sexual function is predominant in the clinical picture k Gender Dysphoria a strong desire to be of the other gender or an insistence that one is the other gender i Transvestic Disorder occurs in heterosexual or bisexual adolescent amp adult males for whom crossdressing behavior generates sexual excitement amp causes distress andor impairment without drawing their primary gender into question ii Body Dysmorphic Disorder focuses on the alteration or removal of a speci c body bc it s perceived as abnormally formed not bc it represents a repudiated assigned gender L Disruptive ImpulseControl amp Conduct Disorders i Oppositional De ant Disorder a pattern of angryirritable mood argumentativede ant behavior or vindictiveness lasting ateast six months ii Intermittent Explosive Disorder recurrent behavioral outbursts representing a failure to control aggressive impulses iii Conduct Disorder a repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of othersmajor age appropriate societal norms or rules are violated iv Pyromania deliberate amp purposeful re setting on more than one occasion tension or affective arousal before the act v Kleptomania recurrent failure to resist impulses to steal objects that are not needed for personal use or for their monetary value M SubstanceRelated amp Addictive Disorders i AlcoholRelated Disorders a problematic pattern of alcohol use leading to clinically signi cant impairmentdistress Alcohol Use Disorder Alcohol Intoxication recent ingestion of alcohol Alcohol Withdrawal cessation of or reduced in alcohol use that has been nearly amp prolonged Other AlcoholInduced Disorders Unspeci ed AlcoholRelated Disorders ii CaffeineRelated Disorders iii CannabisRelated Disorders iv HallucinogenRelated Disorders v lnhalantRelated Disorders vi OpioidRelated Disorders vii Sedative Hypnotic or AnxiolyticRelated Disorders viii StimulantRelated Disorders ix TobaccoRelated Disorders x Gambling Disorder needs to gamble with increasing amounts of money in order to achieve the desired excitement N Neurocognitive Disorders i Delirium a disturbance in attention and awareness ii Alzheimer s Disease clear evidence of decline in memory amp learning steadily progressive gradual decline in cognition without extended plateaus amp no evidence of etiology iii Traumatic Brain Injury loss of consciousness posttraumatic amnesia disorientation amp confusion amp neurological signs iv Parkinson s Disease there s no evidence of mixed etiology amp clearly precedes the onset of the neurocognitive disorder v Huntington s Disease 0 Personality Disease i Paranoid Personality Disorder is a pattern of distrust amp suspiciousness such that others motives are interpreted as malevolent ii Schizoid Personality Disorder is a pattern of detachment from social relationships amp a restricted range of emotional expression iii Schizotypal Personality Disorder is a pattern of acute discomfort in close relationships cognitive or perceptual distortions andeccent ricities of behavior iv Antisocial Personality Disorder is a pattern of disregard for amp violation of the rights of others v Borderline Personality Disorder is a pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships selfimage and affects and marked impulsivity vi Histrionic Personality Disorder is a pattern of excessive emotionality and attention seeking vii Narcissistic Personality Disorder is a pattern of grandiosity need for admiration and lack of empathy viii Avoidant Personality Disorder is a pattern of social inhibition feelings of inadequacy and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation xi Dependent Personality Disorder is a pattern of submissive and clinging behavior related to an excessive need to be taken care of xii ObsessiveCompulsive Personality Disorder is a pattern of preoccupation with orderliness perfectionism and control P Paraphilic Disorders i Voyeuristic Disorder recurrent and intense sexual arousal from observing an unsuspecting person who is naked in the process of disrobing or engaging in sexual activity ii Exhibitionistic Disorder recurrent amp intense sexual arousal from the arousal from the exposure of one s genitals to an unsuspchng person iii Frotteuristic Disorder recurrent amp intense sexual arousal from touchingrubbing against a nonconsenting person iv Sexual Masochism Disorder recurrent amp intense sexual arousal from the act of being humiliated beaten bound or otherwise made to suffer v Sexual Sadism Disorder recurrent amp intense sexual arousal from the physical or psychological suffering of another person vi Pedophilic Disorder recurrent intense sexually arousing fantasies sexual urges or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent children 13 or younger vii Fetishistic Disorder recurrent amp intense sexual arousal from either the use of nonliving objects or a highly speci c focus on nongenital body parts viii Transvestic Disorder recurrent amp intense sexual arousal from crossdressing Causal Etiology Models of Mental Health Problems i Biological Model some physical abnormality in brain chemistry genetic nongenetic severe PMS affect personality drugs violence behavior on metabolic steroids ii SocialEnvironmental Model argues mental health problems are the result of social expenence Hostile Attribution person misperceive facial expressions 0 How can factors form each model interact with each other A anxiety and depression the gun is the genetics 0 Concordance Rates method of assessing relative effect of genetics the degree to which biological realities share a common mental health problem are higher for men 70 than women 30 bipolar disorder is higher than depression