Week 2 Ch2 Reading Anthropology 161
Week 2 Ch2 Reading Anthropology 161 ANTH 161
Popular in World Cultures >2 >IC
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janiel Celeena Santos on Saturday October 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 161 at University of Oregon taught by Baxter D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see World Cultures >2 >IC in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Oregon.
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Date Created: 10/03/15
Guest Ch 13 September 28thOctober 2 Key Terms Anthronoloqist s Toolkit Tools required for fieldwork notebook pen camera dictionary voice recorder Cultural Anthronoloav Study of communities behaviors and how they live and interact with each other Emic A way to gather data by investigating how local people think and understand the world Etic Anthropologists view of local behavior and beliefs so that they can be compared across nations Ethnocentrism Believing that one s culture is betterperfect in comparison to others and judges the beliefs and ideals of other cultures Ethnology The examination and comparison of ethnographic data over different cultures Globalization Movement of people money goods and ideas within countries and across nations Holism The commitment to understanding the entirety of human life including language biology culture and history Participantobservation a research strategy that involves participating and observing life in another nation Qualitative Data Descriptive data Rapid Change The intense change of cultural characteristics the economy and politics Rapport Trust developed between the members of a culture being studied Reflexivity How one s identity affects their fieldwork and analysis Uneven development unequal distribution of benefits because of globalization Ch1 Anthronologv in the Global Age What is Anthroooloov Anthropologists gt Apply their research to different social issues gt Embrace cultures across time and space past and present gt Encouraged others to move past Ethnocentrism gt 60 are 39Applied Anthropologists39 0 Work outside of academic settings 0 Apply techniques and insights to world issues gt Participate in Ethnographic Fieldwork living in different communities to study them gt Consider Structures that both empower and restrict people of a community gt Believe humans share connections that are 0 Cultural 0 Economic 0 Biological o Ecological What Lenses Are Used to Gain a Comprehensive View of Cultures gt Practicing the idea of holism gt 4 quotLensesquot of examining humanity o Archeology investigation of the human history by excavating and analyzing artifacts 0 Physical Anthropology study of human physic through a biological perspective 0 Linguistic Anthropology Study of past and present human language 0 Cultural Anthropology Study of people39s lives beliefs behaviors and institutions Globalization gt Breakout of globalization in earlier era brought world cultures in closer contact gt Many people are left out of the advances of technology gt Signi cant economic inequalities gt Must consider global in uence and forces on studied cultures TimeSpace Compression the quick innovation of communication and transportation as a result of globalization that changes the way people think of time and space Flexible Accumulation Transportation and communication have allowed for large companies to move production facilities around the world to nd cheap labor Increasing Migration Rapid movement of people within and across countries Ch3 Fieldwork and Anthronologl Ethnooraphic Fieldwork gt Essential part of anthropological training gt Teaches the basic tool of the trade gt A transforming experience that can open one s eyes to different cultures gt Dependent on building relationships of trust with the subjects The Creation of Fieldwork gt Many descriptive accounts of other cultures completed by 0 Missionaries o Explorers o Traders 0 Government of cials gt Roots of anthropology lie in the early intense 19th century globalization gt Fieldwork was not a common practice at the beginning of the trade 0 Early exception Louis Henry Morgan 18181881 Studied Native Americans gt Ethnographic eldwork was developed to professionalize scienti c data gathering gt The need for participant observation research Salvage Ethnoaraphv The practice to rapidly collect information on cultures that were being devastated by Western Expansion How to Conduct Fieldwork Tools for conducting eldwork QuantitativeQualitative Data established rapport interviews surveys kinship and social network analysis eld notes de nitions found under key terms Consider when writing Ethnographies Analysis of cultures ToneStyle Re exivity Selfre ection on the experience of eldwork Polyvocality Using different voices when writing ethnographies allowing reader to hear directly from people in the study VVVV Moral and Ethical Concerns in Research and Writing Ethnographies gt Keep participants anonymity to provide protection gt Do no harm o Anthropologists have been criticized for helping in European colonization o CrossCultural are hired by US government for info on cultures in MiddleEast gt Globalization has made it easier to stay in contact with each other gt Inform subjects of the goal of the study and clearly have their consent Informed Consent gt Consider the effects and impacts of globalization on a community