Week 2 Lecture notes - American National Government
Week 2 Lecture notes - American National Government PSCI 101 - 02
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nkechi Nnachetta on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSCI 101 - 02 at University of Indianapolis taught by Laura Merrifield Albright in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see American National Government in Political Science at University of Indianapolis.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
PSCI 101 American National Government Dr Laura Albright Week II Five Theories of Political Power 1 Class View in this View government is dominated by capitalists and wealthy elites Elites are people who possess a disproportionate share of some valued resource like money prestige or expertise It derives from Marxism In this way you could say Karl Marx propagated this View 2 Power elite View power according to this View is controlled by individuals or groups who possess disproportionate resources in terms of education or wealth or family name though it is usually wealth There are 3 groups in the US that dominate among the elites they are Business Political and Military The power elite View was propagated by Prof Theodore Lowi 3 Pluralism this served as a response to the power elite View In this View everyone participates and no one group dominates It is selective participation as not everyone takes part in everything that would be inefficient An important theorist of pluralism is Robert Dahl who looks at this View in his book Who Governs He argues that the US is more pluralistic than we think 4 Bureaucratic power theory Max Weber is the pioneer of this theory Bureaucrats ie government officials have power here They aren t elected but are hired or appointed In this theory they have the power as they are the ones who actually implement policies 5 Creedal passion while the other four theories had been around before their preeminent theorists popularized them this particular theory is purely the creation of Samuel P Huntington It is a sort of merge between pluralism and the power elite theory In this theory elites make policies which can be beneficial to everyone not just themselves Political Issues Examples of political issues include Immigration Education Employment opportunities Debt Legalization Gun control and so on What shapes political policies 1 Shared political values 2 Customs and traditions 3 Impact of events 4 Changes in our opinion