Africa: Western Sahelian Region Notes
Africa: Western Sahelian Region Notes 1020-01
Popular in World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kiana Thompson on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1020-01 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Michele White in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800 in History at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
Africa Western Sahelian Region Why Sahelian Region Shore to the ocean of sand Sahara Ocean of sand Ghana Shore Sahel Arabic 1 Traditional African Religious Beliefs a Muslims conquered willingly b Believed in single creator God i Was accompanied by other Gods group of lesser Gods c After life i Soul oated around in atmosphere ii Worshipedprayed to ancestors iii No heaven or hell believed to be real 11 Ghana c 800 1224 a Showed up around 800 Muslims Muslims were merchants traders etc b Came because they wanted to trade c Wanted GOLD i Need gold for currency d Key terms i Koumbi Saleh capital city ii Soninke language and people e Economy 1 Sell surplus of grain exchange of goods a Buy salt import from Taghaza b Imported more than needed c Give salt to Bambuk in exchange for gold 2 What was imported and exported was taxed 3 Taxes a One load of salt imported to Ghana l dinar tax b One load of salt exported to Bambuk 2 dinar tax 4 Thriving economy on trade f Social Structure i King divine right monarch Court Nobles both King and Court Nobles live in capital III Local Hereditary Chieftains 1 Had to recognize authority of King 2 Regularly send gifts to the King as form as tribute 3 To ensure loyalty sons and airs of King lived with the King almost as hostages Merchants settled in Ghana full time employees as accountants and record keepers for kings Farmers Slaves ii Kings were willing to convert to Islam 1 Refused to give up belief in ancestors after life amp nature Gods iii Destruction 1 Soso Army came in 1224 a Takes over the capital city and conquerors Mali c 1230 1400 a Mansa Sundiata r 1235 1255 i Founding father ii Formed alliance with other Mansa s 1 Mansa chieftains 2 Chaseddestroyed Soso Army 3 Claimed all of the territory that the Soso Army had taken 4 Named that territory Mali b Mansa King all mansa s prior willing gave up title to Sundiata after defeat of the Soso Army c Capital Niani d People amp language Malinke e All Kings began to embrace Islam i No more nature Gods etc ii Fully Islam f Kings only employ Muslims i More people convert to Islam g Landscape changes i More mosques were built h Introduction of Arabic script written language i Mansa Musa r 1312 1337 i Goes on Haji journey to Mecca ii Brought 100 camels 300000 pounds of gold spending money and several thousands of people iii Bambuk Bure gold mines that were in territory iv Mansa Musa returned home with thousands of more people j Timbuktu cultural hub of the world k J enne urban community 1 1440 Gao breaks away amp declares independence IV Songhay c 1440 1591 a Declared war on Mali amp conquered under Sonni Sulayman Dandi r 1440 1464 b Sonni Ali r 1464 1492 i Great conquering hero ii Son was overthrown by Muhammad alTuri r 1493 1528 1 Muhammad al Turi was a general in the army prior to overthrowing King 2 Islam has taken over a Muslim scholars come in bigger numbers to the city Gao capital city b Muslims become judges i Shria law of the land c Kings would only hire Muslims in government