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Week 6 Lecture Notes - Intro to Clinical Psychology

by: Jessica Twehous

Week 6 Lecture Notes - Intro to Clinical Psychology PSYCH 3510 - 01

Marketplace > University of Missouri - Columbia > Psychlogy > PSYCH 3510 - 01 > Week 6 Lecture Notes Intro to Clinical Psychology
Jessica Twehous
GPA 3.8
Intro to Clinical Psychology
Erika Waller

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About this Document

These notes are straight from the lecture!
Intro to Clinical Psychology
Erika Waller
Class Notes
intro to clinical psychology
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Twehous on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 3510 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Erika Waller in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Intro to Clinical Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 10/04/15
Applying to grad school The Guide and Website 0 quotInsider39s Guide to Graduate Programs in Clinical and Counseling Psychologyquot Norcross amp Sayette o httpclinicalpsychgradschoolorg 0 created by current clinicall program directors 0 includes postbac position openings Are you sure 0 Are you willling to commit 46 years PLUS 1 year intership PLUS possibly 12 years lincensure postdoc 0 Do you like research enough to do a significant amount of it in grad school and possibly at least some after Have you considered alternatives 0 Social Work 0 School Psychology 0 Psychiatry 0 Master39s degree in psych licensed professional counselor LPC 0 Counseling Psychology 45 years private practice ook into Experiences that will enhance your application The most important thing RESEARCH EXPERIENCE Psychology labs on campus Clinicalvolunteer experience is nice but not absolutely necessary Advanced classes are nice but don39t destroy your GPA taking them What kind of programs PhD vs Psy D Clinical scientest vs scientistpracticioner Only clinical programs or also counseling programs clinical research counseling practice oriented Picking schools and mentors How many schools 815 Research fit Contacing potential mentors GRE and GPA how high do numbers need to be Gpa is ony important for first look application General GRE 7580 Psychology GRE mizzou gre verbal quantitative 1222 analytical writing 43 psychology subject test 640 gpa mean overall 366 psychology 375 juniorsenior 376 75 years Recommendation Letters How many typically 3 Who Letter writers should know you well and have glowing things to say about you At least one should be able to speak about your research experience quotThis person got an A in my classquot is not enough Personal Statement Content not the time to get closure on your personal journey with psychosis and cocaine addiction take your description of your research interests and thinking to the quotnext levelquot create a narrative mention specific advisors you39d like to work with and thingns you think are a good match for your interests for each specific program Personal statement tips draft redraft edit again let others read it better to deal with harsh feedback from people you know than an admissions committee friends gt graduate students gt Pi use the writing center Curriculum Vitae Content research experience lab focus responsibilities clinical experience teaching experience awards posterspublications Interviews Inperson quotinterview dayquot or phone interview interview day is best alternate weekends Interview Process Questions they may ask you What are your career goals What research experience have you had and do you want to have Describe the projects you have worked on Questions to ask potential mentorsadvisors Research topicsopportunitiescoauthorship Program requirements Supervision style Funding Interview graduate students Questions to ask current graduate students what is it like workking with this advisor are students collaborative or competitive living in this community Interview Day likely option of staying with a current graduate student to save money you aren39t being paranoid everyone IS evaluating you ALL the time timeline 0 summer before you want to apply study for and take GRE start working on personal statement 0 fall prepare applications get rec letters wonder how you thought you had time for this with everything else going on in your life winter wait interview wait wait wait spring decide which of your offers to accept by april 15 Chapter 10 Clinical Judgment Intrepretation of Data 0 Clinical psycholgists must collect integrate and interpret data from multiple sources 0 Often asked to make bottomline judgments eg diagnosis or future predictions eg relapse dangerousness Quantitative vs Subjective Approach 0 QuantitativeStatistical Approach to clinical judgment and interpretation quotuses formulas and statistical models to make predictions about clinical outcomesquot 0 Obtain scores for one or more relevant characteristics use previously derived formulas to predict outcome Eg predicting grad school success based on undergrad GPA and GRE score SubiectiveClnical Approach to clinical judgment and interpretation is quotlargely intuitive and experientialquot and quotrequires that the clinician be sensitive to information from a wide range of sources and make a series of inductive or deductive generalizations to link the observations and predict the outcomequot 0 Eg predicting how well someone will fit in a grad school research team based on personal statement letters of recommendation and interview 0 The case for the QuantitativeStatistical Approach More specificity Predictions are quotmechanicalquot Large group application Avoid Barnum effect when a seemingly valid description of an individual could actually apply to almost anyone 0 Why don39t clinicians use quantitative approach 0 Predictors seem shorttermed and not profoud o Clinicians remember their successful predictions and forget their errors 0000 o The case for the SubjectiveClinical Approach 0 Formulas are not available for all prediction situations 0 Judgment can add to prediction in some situations where statistical approach does not allow for flexibility o Clinician as data gatherer Clinical and Quantitative Approaches 0 Many comparison studies 0 Example Goldberg 1965 o Clinicians diagnosed patients as quotneuroticquot or quotpsychoticquot solely on MMPI scores 0 Statistical predictions of diagnosis made with a variety of algorithms using MMPI scores 0 Results of these two approaches compared to actual diagnoses from patients39 records 0 Statistical predictions were comparable Comparing Clinical and Quantitative Approaches o Grove et al 2000 comprehensive review of clinical vs statistical prediction studies 0 Quantitative superior in 50 of studies 0 Clinical only 6 o Objection to findings 0 Studies had limitations 0 Not quottruequot expertsquot 0 Not real clinical prediction tasks 0 Human quotneedquot for predictabilitydon39t want to hear that we are not particularly good at this 0 Clinical approach is valuable when 0 No adequate tests available to gather data 0 Predicting rare or unusual events 0 No statistical equations have been developed 0 Circumstances may negate accuracy of equation 0 Statistical approach is valuable when 0 Outcome to be predicted is objective and specific 0 Interest in an individual case is minimal 0 There is reason to be concerned about human judgment error or bias o Bias in clinical judgment 0 Little evidence that lower SES patients and women judge to be more seriously disturbed 0 Strong evidence for bias that I AfricanAmerican and Latino patients misdiagnosed with schizophrenia I Men more likely diagnosed as antisocial women as histrionic I AfricanAmerican patients more likely to be prescribed antipsychotic meds 0 Experience and training 0 No strong support for increased clinical experience resulting in increased accuracy in prediction 0 One profession not better than another quotMythquot of experience Improving Judgment and interpretation 0 Don39t oversimplify or focus on single pieces of information 0 Don39t over pathologize note strengths too 0 Record your interpretations and predictions to track later 0 Influence of stereotyped beliefs belief despite empirical evidence to the contrary Avoid vague reports concepts criteria be as specific as possible Be aware that knowledge of prediction may influence actions and perceptions of others Prediction to unknown situations risky without knowledge of situational influence on behavior Sample Psychological Report Table 102


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