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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jaleesa Holmes on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101 at Indiana State University taught by Prof Norman in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Liberal Arts at Indiana State University.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
Weekly Reading Vocabulary Social equality A condition in which no differences in wealth power prestige or status based on nonnatural conventions exist Dialectic A twodirectional relationship following a pattern in which an original statement or thesis is countered with an antithesis leading to a conclusion that unites the strengths of the original position and the counterarguments Equalitv of Opportunity The idea that everyone has an equal chance to achieve prestige and power because the rules of the game are the same for everyone Bourgeois Society A society of commerce Ex modern capitalist society in which the maximization of profit is the primary business incentive Equalitv of Condition The idea that everyone should have an equal starting point Equalitv of Outcome The idea that each player must end up with the same amount regardless of the fairness of the game Free Rider Problem The notion that when more than one person is responsible for getting something done the incentive is for each individual to shirk responsibility and hope others will pull the extra weight Estate System A politically based system of stratification characterized by limited social mobility Caste System A religion based system of stratification characterized by no social mobility Class System An economically based hierarchical system characterized by cohesive oppositional groups and somewhat loose social mobility Proletariat The working class Bourgeoisie The capitalist class Contradictorv Class Locations The idea that people can occupy locations in the class structure that fall between the two pure classes Status Hierarchv Svstem A system of stratification based on social prestige EliteMass Dichotomv Svstem A system of stratification that has a governing elite a few leaders who broadly hold power in society Meritocracy A society where status and mobility are based on individual attributes ability and achievement Socioeconomic Status An individual s position in a stratified social order Income Money received by a person for work from transfers gifts inheritances or government assistance or from returns on investments Wealth A family s or individual s net worth total assets minus total debts Upper Class A term for the economic elite Middle Class A term commonly used to describe those individuals with nonmanual jobs that pay significantly more than the poverty line 0 Although this is a highly debated and expansive category particularly in the United States where broad swathes of the population consider themselves middle class Social Mobility The movement between different positions within a system of social stratification in any given society Structural Mobilitv Mobility that is inevitable from changes in the economy Exchange Mobility Mobility in which if we hold fixed the changing distribution of jobs individuals trade jobs not onetoone but in a way that ultimately balances out Status Attainment Model Approach that ranks individuals by socioeconomic status including income and educational attainment and seeks to specify the attributes characteristic of people who end up in more desirable occupations E The biological differences that distinguish males from females Sexuality Desire sexual preference and sexual identity and behavior Gender A social position the set of social arrangements that are built around normative sex categories
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