Lecture #4: Early Medieval Kingdoms and Christianity
Lecture #4: Early Medieval Kingdoms and Christianity History 171
Popular in Europe, 400-1400
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maria Notetaker on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 171 at DePaul University taught by Andrew Miller in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Europe, 400-1400 in History at DePaul University.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
92215 Europe Lecture 4 Early Medieval Kingdoms and Christianity We will examine i clovis and the problem of merovingian succession ii from pagan to catholic iii role of merovingian women Merovingians and AngloSaxons Franks cultural political and economic backwater Merovingian Francia Roman F oederati I tribal germanic society I roman border defenders Merovingian Consolidation I 451 CE merovingians help roman army stop hun advance Who were the merovingians I pagan germanic tribe I they were like vikings gt believe in the god Wotan or Odin I the kings are warriorspriests Advent of Clovis I 481 15 years old clovis louis becomes tribal leader Clovis and the vase of soissons I pagan I attacking churches I muni cence gt gift giving I leadership values Merovingian court I chieftainship I itinerant court gt schedule very practical to move around a lot from house to house and they must take care of everything for you merovingian inheritance practices I gavelkind partible inheritance I the sons ght for the death for who becomes king Civil wars how do civil wars threaten the stability of the kingdom brothers ghting each other How does it help unify the structure bases of merovingian strength I slow unthreatening migration into empire I primitive government not bureaucratic Merovingians and the catholic church I clovis conversion 496 I catholic not arian christianity I one king one faith one law Clovis gt Louis Merovingian Women i lineage traced through father and mother ii essential in sealing alliances and therefore extending kin network iii in uence at court AngloSaxon England The Dark Ages 410597 I crisis in the roman empire 410 I cultural births of England Scotland and wales Lack of aid forced britons to convene a council consilium I hiring foedemti Vortigern 5th century CE ruled southeastern England Anglosaxon invasionsmigrations I native britons enslaved or forces to the periphery I britonsslave How did anglo saxon invaders come to dominate the larger part of Britain and enslave its inhabitants I plague Anglo Saxon expansion I south saxon sussex east saxons Essex middle saxons middlesex west saxons wessex Northumbrian39s north of the Humber anglosaxon society I pagan aristocratic warriors values I epic of Beowulf 8th century recounting an earlier period very sophisticated craftsman master metal workers vibrant musical culture great farmers Strongest bond that between a man and his lord the english churchbishop Gregory the great pope 590604 597Pope Gregory sends a monk Augustine with 40 companion off to Britain Aethelbert lets augustine use an old roman church as his base of ops by 663 Christianity was entrenched throughout southeastern England Reason of success One advantage that the 4 monks have traveling across France I monasteries gt where they stayed safe Northumbrian renaissance I Northumbrian nobleman Benedict bishop founded two monasteries I wear mouth 674 I jarrow 68 Which of these kingdoms will come out on top stage of power and dominance I rst the 7 kingdoms get into 3 I northumbria I Mercia I wessex I Northumbria most powerful mercian supremacy 8th century I Aethelbald 72657 I his successor Offa 7 5796 Rise of Wessex I mercian dominance challenged by Wessex I to make matter worse a new group of invaders were arriving The vikings I pagan viking raiders attack between 7 93878 7 I especially distributive was the great heathen army or great danish army king Alfred the great 87899 I danes steadily advancing into engkans I soon controlled northeast I Alfred the great king of Wessex forced into hiding battle of edington 878 I Alfred summoned his forces and marched to edington I challenged viking to do battle I adopted roman tactics I Victory anglo saxon law I aggressive harsh punishments mutilation person s word common oath Charles Martel leads franks at C Tours 732 I Maiar d0mus mayor of the palace chief of staff
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