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Week 5&6 Notes

by: Sabrina Cockerham

Week 5&6 Notes Pol_Sc 1100

Sabrina Cockerham
GPA 4.0
American Government
Jay Dow

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About this Document

These notes include weeks 5&6. They are detailed and well-organized and include the slides he goes over in class along with the explanations and extra information he covers in lecture.
American Government
Jay Dow
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sabrina Cockerham on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Pol_Sc 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Jay Dow in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at University of Missouri - Columbia.

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Date Created: 10/04/15
September 21 2015 0 Congress gt Background The Founder s Dilemma gt Belief in Democratic Theory and fear of popular government and concentrated powers gt House of Representatives and The Senate gt Under the original constitution ONLY the House was directly elected by the people the members of the Senate were elected by State Legislatures gt The House was expected to be the most important and powerful branch of government 0 How is congress structured How does representation work What are its powers gt REREAD ARTICLE 1 0 Operation of the Congress House and Senate size 435 vs 100 gt House Greater need for organization leadership structure gt Senate More decentralized less hierarchical gt Congress is organized by committee gt Division of labor and specialization Missouri has 8 Representatives from the House and 2 from the Senate 0 House Of Reps Rules Procedures and organization matters A LOT very formal 0 Senate More informal peerbased organization 0 Division of Labor gt Committees gt Congress is organized by specialized committees which is where the work is established gt Standing Committees 21 in H of R gt Prestige l Ways and Means Revenuetax legislation l Appropriations Spend money I Rules ONLY in house determines rules under which legislation may be considered under the entire chamber Example proceduresscheduling determines amending process 0 Conference Comprised of both houses for the purpose of reconciling differences between bills of the H of R and the Senate gt Ad Hoc Created for the purpose of addressing a onetime issue gt Joint 0 Committees are selfselected Most members choose their committees due to the relevance to their state 0 Leadership positions on committees accrues to the senior members of the majority parties gt The most powerful members of Congress are the committee chaus 0 Political Parties in Congress gt Chamber leaders selected by party meetings at the start of each session gt Leadership l Speaker HouseJohn Boehner ROH l Majority and Minority Leaders House and Senate l Whips and Others House and Senate 0 Consequences of reelection motive gt Recall How are MOCs Elected gt House members elected for two year terms from Single Member Districts using plurality rule I Seats reapportioned among the states in accordance with census I Gerrymandering l Senate Members elected in statewide elections for six year terms using plurality rule House Members More focused narrowminded always running for reelection Senate Members More broad perspective not as much pressure to run for reelection September 23 2015 How a Bill Becomes a Law 1 Introduced into Chamber by Member Revenue Bills MUST be introduced in the HOR 2 Referred to CommitteeSubcommittee Referral to committees with policy jurisdiction especially important in the House Most Bills die here 3 MarkUp Rewrite italter it This is where legislation really takes place 4 Sent to the Rules Committee House for a rule Open Rule gt Allows bill to be amended on the oor of the chamber Closed Rule gt A bill is brought up and its 5 Debated and passed by each chamber 6 Sent to Conference Committee 7 Sent back to each Chamber for final debate and passage 8 Sent to President for signature When a Bill Reported to Congress is Sent to the President 0 Sign into law 0 Not sign but allow to become law Congress in session for 10 days 0 Pocket Veto Congress adjourns within 10 days 0 Veto Overriding a presidential veto 23 in each chamber 0 Use of Veto power is rare 0 Overriding a veto is even more rare The constitution was written for the purpose of restricting Government by making it difficult to govern and create new legislation Party Voting In Congress Few Resources for the leadership 0 Ca rrots gt Good 0 Sticks gt Bad If you vote against your party in congress there is no punishment with exceptions September 28 2015 0 Consequences of the Reelection Motive gt All Politics is Local gt MOC s represent local constituencies l Policy l Constituency Service I Pork gt Bringing stuff back to the district 0 Behavior gt Advertising gt Credit Claiming gt quotI did this for youquot gt Position Taking gt Regardless if anything is actually going to happen members of congress will uphold a position to appeal to their constituents Why do we hate congress and love our representatives Bc members of congress do what we want them to do 0 Consequences of this Law Making Process for Policy gt Fragmented gt Distributive Policy gt quotSpreading the wealthquot looks towards local interest and not the national interest gt Riders gt MOC s use independence by adding things to bills to appeal to their constituents 0 Differences between House and Senate Article 1 Section 2amp3 gt Congress Then and Now gt Constitutional continuity and change gt 17th Amendment 1913 Direct Election of US Senators State Corporate Capacity gt A corporate entity CAN have interest that is distinct from the people that comprise it Normative justi cation for why smaller states have two senate members and big states have two senate members September 30th 2015 Beyond Elections and Legislating 0 Constitutional Amendments gt Recall the constitutional amendment proposal process Article 5 0 Elections gt Congress is the judge of its own elections Article 1 Section 5 gt Congress officiates the counting of EC ballots Article 2 Section 1 and 12th Amendment 0 Oversight gt Congressional oversight of the bureaucracy follows from Congressional scal powers Hearings 0 Executive And Judicial Functions gt Treaty Participation Article 2 Section 2 gt Conformation of Executive Officers Article 2 Section 2 gt Confirmation of federal judicial appointments Article 2 Section 2 gt Impeachment Article 2 Section 4 amp Article 1 Section 2amp3 0 Congress Then and Now gt Governing and the Congressional Career l The amount and complexity of governing l Business Chamber floor vs Committees l The Congressional Career 0 Average number of years served in the House is approximately 9 5 terms 0 Average number of years served in the Senate is approximately 10 2 terms 0 What does congress do well gt Gets political ideas on the table better than anybody gt Primary connection to national government


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