Weeks 5&6 Notes
Weeks 5&6 Notes CL_HUM 1060 - 02
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sabrina Cockerham on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CL_HUM 1060 - 02 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Michael Barnes in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see Classical Mythology in Classical Studies at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
Artemis Diana Goddess of the hunt wilderness and moon patron of young girls and childbirth Viginl twin sister of Apollo daughter of Zeus and Leto Symbols Bow stag moon Cult Sites Delos SeaWashed Tiny 5 Square Miles birthplace on Mt Cynthus Ephesos Brauron Epithets Cynthia Ephesia Brauronia Character and Appearance of Artemis gt Able to strike with deadly force wild animal very dangerous ritual beatings human sacrifices Temple of Artemis at Ephesus One of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World Artemis and Apollo Massacre the Children of Niobe Artemis and the Revenge against Actaeon gt Actaeon spies on Artemis bathing nude she retaliates Artemis turns Actaeon into a Stag and his dogs turn on him and kill him Zeus and the Dommed Callisto gt Zeus develops a crush on one of Artemis virgin followers Disguises himself into Artemis to trick Callisto He impregnates her and she tries to hide her pregnancy under her garments She is unclothed in order to bathe and her pregnancy is discovered Artemis kicks her out to fend for herself She encounters Hera in the woods Hera retaliates and makes Callisto a hideous bear As a bear she gives birth to a human baby and care for it Boy grows up and encounters his mother before he is about to kill her Zeus saves her and they become constellations Artemis Conjures the Deadly Scorpion against Orion gt He is killed by the scorpion and they both are transformed into constellations Euripides Tragic Play writer gt Hippolytus Characters gt Hippolytus illegitimate son of Theseus Theseus King of Athens Phaedra his stepmother Artemis Aphrodite Poseidon Apollo Apollo Myths God of music creativity prophecy reason enlightenment and thus became leader of the Muses and gave inspiration to poets and artists also later god of the sun Symbols Sun bow laurel lyre dolphin raven Unmarried Twin to Artemis Parents Zeus and Leto Sacred City Delphi Delos Epithets Pythian Delian Delphinus Phoebus o The terrible fate of Satyr Marsyas gt Double Pipes or Aulos invented by Athena She throws them out Satyr Marsyas finds the Aulos Athena appears and tells him to leave it alone bc she doesn t want him to have them He disobeys He learns how to play it very well He boasts about his abilities and challenges Apollo to a contest Winner gets to do whatever he wants to the loser Apollo wins contest Satyr is tied to a tree and skinned alive 0 Contest between Pan and Apollo with Mountain god as judge King Midas listens in Midas has ass s ears 0 Midas hair dresser was the only one that knew about this 0 Apollo Slays snake that guards delphi He leads sailors from Crete to Delphi in the form of a dolphin which is where Apollo39s temple is In this temple there are phrases inscribed Know Yourself and Nothing In Excess 0 Apollo wanted Cassandra and tried bribing her with the gift of prophecy and she accepted but she doesn t stay loyal so he cursed her so that no one would believe her prophecies o The Pythia gt Apollo s psychic priestess She was the oracle that lived in his temple 0 Daphne gt One of Artemis followers that Apollo liked She prayed to her father to lose her beauty so she became a laurel tree Hyacinthus gt Apollo and wind god were fighting over He liked Apollo better They played discus and the wind god made disc hit Hyacinthus in the head and the blood from this created the ower Hyacinthus with Alpha Iota Inscribed in it Cyparissus Pet deer which he accidentally kills Becomes inconsolable Apollo tried to console him but doesn t succeed dies with deer and reincamates to the cypress tree Coronis A cautionary tale watch your emotions Unfaithful to Apollo His raven lets him know of her infidelity 0 Apollo is governed by his emotions and regrets what he ends up doing 0 He shoots Coronis in her breast with his bow 0 She was pregnant with his child 0 The raven who brought him the news was transformed into a black bird Centaur Chiron Teacher of heroes and gods 0 Wise old 0 Raises Asclepius Apollo and Coronis child Asclepius Aesculapius 0 God of health and healing Symbols snakes snakeentwined staff Son of Apollo and Coronis father of Hygieia and Panacea Important Cult Sites Epidauros Athens Kos A priest of his Calls Up the Sacred Snakes Bc Snakes shed their skins they were symbols of rejuvenation and healing Bc they absorbed heat they might also absorb fevers and infection Struck down by Hubris Raised man from dead Zeus thought of this circumstance was too powerful bc he s the only one that can reverse one s fate Hippocrates Greek Physician Hippocratic Oath Hermes Mercury Messenger of the gods guide of souls to the Underworld patron of thieves tricksters travelers associated with roads and boundaries Symbols winged sandalscap caduceus Son of Zeus and Maia daughter of Titan Atlas No major cult sites but known in countryside shrines where travelers and shepherds made offerings to him worshiped by young athletes for his speed and physical ability Character and Appearance Very young teens Doesn t wear much sometimes a sunhat a cloak Obedient to the gods but not trusted by humans may steal from people humans are cautious of his deceptive ways Miraculous Birth amp Infancy gt After birth he sprung out and sought to steal the cattle of Apollo He also found a tortoise and made him a singer However he only did this because he wanted something in return He put the tortoise on its back and cut of its legs and took his shell to make a Lyre He ends up learning how to play the Lyre Invention of the Fire Sticks Maia confronts Hermes about his evil doings and he responds by telling her of his plan to live outside of the cave Apollo confronts Hermes about the cattle and he rejects everything Apollo drags his up to Olympus to Zeus himself and Hemes pleads his innocence Zeus forces Hermes to confess and return the cattle and Hermes and Apollo and forced to reconcile their differences 0 Offspring of Hermes The God Pan and the Shepherd Daphnis o Hermes Hooks Aphrodite Hermaphroditus takes off on his own at age 15 and meets Salmacis she s trouble 0 Launches herself on him and he s not interested 0 She offers him her pool and spies on him 0 She attacks him and they become one forever Where the term Hermaphrodite originates from 0 Ancient Greek Herm Boundary Marker Chapter 13 o Dionysus Bacchus 0 God of religious ecstasy reached through various vehicles particularly wine Symbols grapes ivy thyrsos pinecone staff the theatre Son of Zeus and the Mortal Semele princess of Thebes Wife Ariadne princess of Crete Important Cult Sites Thebes Athens Alexandria o Epithets TwiceBorn Liberator Manwomanish 0 Appearance 0 Long Hair 0 Androgynous o disturbingly seductive 0 Character 0 throbbing excitement of physical ecstasy 0 fine line between order and chaos sanity and insanity conformity and deviance Mystery Religion gt Secret Rites orgia were revealed to initiates some think it was sexual where the word orgi comes from 0 Birth of Dionysus o Semele wished that Zeus would sleep with her the way that he slept with Hera o The ames expires Semele and the 6 month aborted baby was then stitched into Zeus thigh o Zeus hatches Dionysus from his thigh o Dio was then delivered to the Nymphs of Nysa 0 Baby Dionysus begins his legacy o Dionysus Grieves over Ampelus 0 His tears mingled with the boy s blood and from their union the grapevine originated 0 He used the grape to relieve his grief but it s fire also had the power to overwhelm The return from India with Enlightenment and Power Dionysus Followers 0 Maenads usually organized into groups led by a single man Nymphs Fauns Satyrs Silenoi Centaurs 0000 00000 0 Great Dionysia gt Held late MarchEarly April organized by the archon and the 12 committee members
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