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Week 5 of Notes : Preparing for Informative Speeches

by: Morgan Sawyer

Week 5 of Notes : Preparing for Informative Speeches SCOM 123,(Nicole Barnes, Communication Group Presentation)

Morgan Sawyer
Introduction to Communication Studies Group Presentation (SCOM123, Nicole Barnes)
Professor Nicole Barnes (SCOM123 Group Presentations)

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In this weeks notes I have provided my class notes that are full of tips on how to give a public speech, how find a speech topic, research a topic, and outline. Hope this helps! :)
Introduction to Communication Studies Group Presentation (SCOM123, Nicole Barnes)
Professor Nicole Barnes (SCOM123 Group Presentations)
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Sawyer on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SCOM 123,(Nicole Barnes, Communication Group Presentation) at James Madison University taught by Professor Nicole Barnes (SCOM123 Group Presentations) in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Communication Studies Group Presentation (SCOM123, Nicole Barnes) in Journalism and Mass Communications at James Madison University.

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Date Created: 10/04/15
SCOM123 2 weeks of notes Public Speaking Comes from Ancient Greece Polis each time you have a complaint you go in front of the polis to win or loss an argument Started with Aristotle o E Ethos Credibility Trustworthy o P Pathos Emotion o L logos Facts Logic Truth 0 Deliberative Discussionmaking Political Group coming to a conclusion Judicial Legality issues Epideictic Praise or blame speech Ex eulogy wedding host Typically informal Most popular Durative of the start of public speaking Romans Started with Cicero equal to Aristotle o Came up with 5 cannons 1 lnvention come up with what you re going to say 0 A Topic 0 B Thesis statement of argument 0 C Research 0 D Main Points 0 E Evidence 2 Arrangement 0 Put materials in speech order 0 This is organization of the speech 3 Style 0 Choose in way in which you are giving speech 4 Memory 0 O 0 Knowing material so well that you can talk about it with only the outline Never memorize the speech 0 Know what you re talking about so much that you can answer challenges 5 Delivery 0 Actually giving the speech How to Find a Speech Topic Answer nd a balance between topics you know topics you love and topics the audience cares about lt s easiest to give a speech on topics you love and topics the audience cares about because you love it and the audience is intrigued The ideal topic is the perfect balance between all topics love audience cares about and you know If you only are giving a speech on something that the audience cares about you have to act like you are interested You never want to give a speech on a topic you just know about because of overcon dence Research Use subject headings as a tool of what to search Use limit tools Make sure it s only articles will FULL TEXT Limit to scholarly journals or peer reviewed Informative Speech Informs Tells audience something they don t already know Evaluate who you audience is Demographic characteristics of a population used to de ne categories of that population 0 Examples Age 1835 because it s a disposal able income I Gender MF or LGBTQ Q questioning TV typically is aimed at males Ethnicity Political Parties Income Religion Education In a typical college classroom you will have 0 1720 0 Balance between male and female 0 Ethnicity mostly from the same region 0 A mix of political views o Majority middle class income 0 A mix of religion 0 All getting the same education This sets the base knowledge for giving a speech in a college environment All similar base knowledge Before giving an Informative Speech Establish Answers to these Questions 1 2 3 SIDE SIDE What does the audience know What does my audience not know What does my audience think they know Most important is 3 because it clears up misconceptions Always be thinking of the audience when conducting your research thesis statements come form research Be redundant to reach as many people as you can Parts of a Speech Introduction Hookattention getter goal get everyone looking at you want to be related to topic quotes short story or joke First think you say should be relating to the topic at hand but with a hook No rhetorical questions because you cannot predict how the audience is going to react Justify topic i Topic Sentence ii Can be said in one breath c Establish credibility on topic i Comes form research ii Tells audience why they should listen Thesis statement i Says what audience is going to learn Preview i Topics of individual paragraphs a d e Conclusion 1 2 3 4 Signal end has come Review main points so audience remember what you talked abouU Remind of thesis statement End with a bang a Reference back to attention getter b Same guidelines as hook Bodv Paraqraph Get form research Topics are themes from research Parts of Body Paragraph Topic Sentence right after previewclaim argument of paragraph DataEvidence Warrant explains relationship between claim and data a Explain evidence to audience as clearly as possible b Ever piece of evidence needs a warrant IV Quali er likelihood evidence is correct sometimesrarely V Transition repeat yourself remind audience a Can be one sentenceonly not needed at conclusion b Starts with a review of a paragraph c Link to next idea d Preview next paragraph Citations Everywhere there is evidence you will have a cite 0 Citation as follows Publication year of publication 0 Publication journal titlenewspaper titlewebsite Do not use easy bib 0 Use zotero or endnote Types of Evidence 0 1 Facts cannot be disputed o 2 Statistics dependent on question asked 0 3 Example can come form evidence or personal story has to be credible or mirrors common stories 4 Quote say who was it and why it was important credentialsmake sure it s not bias 0 Organizing Speeches a I n I O I 39D39Q Topical Order body paragraphs by type part or conclusion Chronological Paragraphs follow timeline Spa ak Order related to physical layout 0 EX Obesity in different areas of the United States Causak Cause effect Emphatic Set of two strongest songs rst hide weakest song in middle save ultimate strongest for last Mirrors privacyrecently theory so audience remembers rst and last think you say Monroe s Motivated Sequence Get attention Problem establish Solution Image of post solution world Get audience committed to solution 73pes of Informative Speeches 1 Object 2 Process 3 Concept 4 Event Persuasive Speech Picks up where informative speech leaves off Tells audience how to feelthinkdo solution Tips to keep it interesting 0 Include examples and stories 0 Citations should be brief 0 Act like you re interested Outlining 1 Full sentence outline a Introduction i Attention getter hook ii Topicthesis iii Justify topic tie to audience iv Establish credibility v Preview 2 Body Paragraph l a State topic i Claimtopic sentence ii Evidence have to say citation iii Warrant tying evidence to topic iv Add new Evidence39 v Wa rra nt vi Transition 3 Body Paragraph ll a End b Review c End with a Bang Speaking Outline Words that remind you of what you want to say Keywords on a page


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