Week 6 Notes - HIST 1302
Week 6 Notes - HIST 1302 Hist 1302
Popular in History of U.S. since 1865
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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Haynes on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1302 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Ransom P. Cross in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see History of U.S. since 1865 in History at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
HIST 1302 History of the US Since 1865 Week 6 I The US Goes Overseas A Protestant missionaries spread throughout the world 1 They wanted to share the gospel with the world 2 Through sharing the gospel they would help create a cultured civilization to backward peoples a Their View of cultured civilization was WASP White Anglo Saxon Protestant civilization 3 China was the main destination for many Protestant missionaries B Entrepreneurs overseas 1 Entrepreneurs began looking to foreign countries for a new export market for American goods 2 Resulted in Economic Imperialism a The ends justify the means in business 1 Anything goes as long as your business ends up overseas 3 Why were entrepreneurs going overseas for business a Frederick Jackson Tumer s Significance of the Frontier in American History 1 Stated that the American frontier was closed because it was settled b Therefore entrepreneurs broadened their horizons for the next big opportunity II The Rise of American Imperialism A B Imperialism has a negative connotation in most cases American Imperialism 1 Definition a We sought to expand our horizons and bring democracy to the rest of the world b Extension of the term Manifest Destiny to the world The US used its immense military power to a Trap foreign markets into doing their bidding b Build military bases in strategic areas across the Pacific Ocean c Overall grow in size and strength in order to become a world power Some advocates for expansion believed in social Darwinism a The belief that there is an elite race of people and an inferior race of people Big Navy Policy a Inspired by Alfred Thayer Mahan s The In uence of Sea Power upon History b Destroy the culture of areas you wish to control and replace it with your own 1 If you do that you can control that country unchallenged for years The beginnings of foreign interest a All the countries below were annexed by the US and became US territories 1 Pago Pago in 1878 2 Hawaii in 1893 3 Samoa in 1899 Jingoism s role in imperialism a Chauvinistic patriotism 1 This method threatens the country of interest with force in order to ensure their obedience and to maintain our own national security III The Spanish American War A Cuba was trying to achieve independence from Spain 1 The US believed that Spanish control of Cuba was against the Monroe Doctrine a Europe was not allowed to colonize any country within the Western Hemisphere 2 Therefore Cuba s independence would make the US happy B When Cuba began fighting for independence the yellow press sensationalized what was going on 1 Exaggerated the horrors committed by both sides 2 The US did not intervene until later C US government policy regarding the Spanish American War 1 Originally tried for peaceful negotiations between Cuba and Spain a Failed 2 McKinley and the battleship Maine a President McKinley sent the battleship Maine to Havana harbor coast of Spain to protect US citizen s treatment 1 Real reasoning behind sending the Maine was to intimidate the Spanish b The battleship Maine exploded in the Spanish harbor 1 Thought to be sabotage on the part of the Spanish even though they stated otherwise 2 However it was later proven to be a manufacturing aw Spain c Used this event in combination with others as a way to justify getting involved in the war with Spain De Lome Letter 1 Written by a Spanish ambassador 2 The letter stated that a McKinley was weak and catering to rabble and besides a low politician who desires to leave a door open to me and to stand well with the jingoes The Maine as well as the De Lome letter spurred the Americans into the war with 1 The US won the war in 4 months The Rough Riders 1 This group was the first US volunteer cavalry and the only 1 out of 3 that actually participated in battle a This group was lead by Theodore Roosevelt after Colonel Leonard Wood was reassigned African American troops in the Spanish American War 1 5 regimes participated in the war against Spain 2 After the war they were awarded 5 medals of Honor Paris Peace Treaty 1898 1 This treaty officially ended the Spanish American War 2 Spain gave up most of their territories to the victor the US because they had no choice 3 These lands include a Cuba Puerto Rico Guam and the Philippines 4 To save face the US gave Spain 26 million 5 The US took on the big brother role with Cuba a This would build resentment within Cuba IV Imperialism A Resulted in unequal human and territorial relationships 1 Why a Based on Social Darwinism Imperialism is negative in nature 1 It exploits native inhabitants in order to benefit a select few individuals Based on cosmopolitan or world view 1 It is the duty of the civilized society to spread civilization to a backward people V US Becomes a World Power A The McKinley administration had a very imperialist outlook in territorial expansion 1 Annexed Hawaii so that they could eventually become a state 2 Created a Naval Base at Manila in order to treat it like a colony a Justification 1 Their colonizing the country would prohibit others from doing so 2 The people there were unable to rule themselves 3 Extension of Manifest Destiny B This new imperialist mentality goes COMPLETELY against what America stood for 1 We were against colonization due to the fact that we were once under the thumb of colonization VI Debates Over the Treaty of Paris A Emilio Aguinaldo March 22 1869 February 6 1964 1 Aguinaldo was a Filipino general politician and independence leader 2 Helped start the Philippine Revolution a It consisted of a few skirmishes for independence B Anti Imperialist League 1 Worked tirelessly to stop the peace treaty from being accepted a The fight against the peace treaty was widely liked by many members of society for 2 main reasons 1 Idealism against moral 2 Self interests 2 Inevitably the Treaty of Paris was passed by 1 vote over the 23rds required to pass it VII American Filipino War A Caused by the Treaty of Paris B The US was very harsh to the Philippines people just like their predecessor Spain 1 The US would not allow the Filipinos to rule themselves by any means 2 The US also committed many atrocities a If an insurrection occurred kill all those near the insurrection including those uninvolved C The Philippines mostly settled down in 1902 although some fighting did continue until 1913 1 From 1915 onward the Philippines became one of the US s strongest allies a Why 1 They had no other options due to the fact that they had no armies or government VIII The US and Cuba A The McKinley administration did not want to grant Cuba their independence once they were in the US s control 1 Resulted in the Platt Amendment a Cuba could not make treaties With foreign countries b The US had absolute authority to intervene control the Cuban economy and government c Cuba had to lease or sell land to the US for naval bases 1 Resulted in Guantanamo Bay B Cuba had to comply With the US s requirements due to the fact that their economy depended on the sugar industry in US markets 1 In essence Cuba became an American colony IX The US and Puerto Rico A Foraker Act 1900 1 Annexed Puerto Rico as a US territory 2 This meant that a Congress could control their policies b Insular cases upheld the Constitution form 1901 to 1904 1 Puerto Ricans had the rights of US citizens a Except for the right to vote and representation Within the government c Due to the fact that Puerto Rico agreed to the terms above they didn t have to pay taxes X China and the Open Door A B The US pressured China to open the door to foreign industry and missions 1 This was done so that the rest of the world could have access to China s market 2 The Europeans weren t thrilled with this plan however they went along with it anyway When this method didn t work they threatened military force to get China s compliance C D Boxer Rebellion 1900 1 This rebellion threatened China s stability and safety 2 Imperialist action stopped it Second Action 1900 1 The foreign countries agreed to acknowledge and respect China s politics and territorial borders a China was too big to control 2 In addition the foreign countries accepted money instead of land to pay for the damages caused by the Boxer Rebellion XI Theodore Roosevelt Carollarv A Hay Herran Treaty 1902 1 Columbia gave the US a land grant for the construction of the Panama Canal a This took longer because of an impasse with Columbia 1 In order to break the impasse the US encouraged Panama to revolt against Columbia then sided with them Hay Bunau Varilla Treaty 1903 1 This treaty finalized the plans and payments for the Panama Canal 2 Completed in 1914 C The US compensated Columbia for the loss of Panama D The Panama Canal was passed to the Panamanian government in 2000 XII Theodore Roosevelt Geopolitian A Master of gun diplomacy B Took the Monroe Doctrine further 1 Roosevelt stated that he had a right to intervene in Latin America in order to keep Europe out of there 2 It was the right of the US to keep Europe out of their business C This gave the US a big brother stigma amongst many countries 1 Not in a good way D Asia 1 The goal was to ensure the open door policy remained intact and kept the balance of power 2 Portsmouth Treaty 1905 a Ended the Russian Japanese War b We brokered the treaty and we favored Japan 3 Taft Katsura Agreement 1905 a The US allowed Japan to rule Korea b Only if they left the Philippines alone 4 Root Takahira Agreement 1908 a The Japanese expanded to Manchuria in order to have a buffer zone in case the Russians attacked them 5 Gentlemen s Agreement 1907 10 a These agreements were informal Congress was left out of it between Japan and the US 1 Japan agreed to not allow any more immigration to the US 2 The US agreed not to discriminate against the Japanese students in schools in San Francisco Great White Fleet 1 The US wanted to ensure that no one would mess with them or their territories so they set out with 16 battleships to show off their might a 1st stop was Tokyo Bay 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