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by: Justine Vincent


Justine Vincent
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One Day of Notes
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This 3 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Justine Vincent on Monday October 20, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to a course at University of British Columbia taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 58 views.


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Date Created: 10/20/14
SOCIAL CLASS Review Capitalism system of social relationships that are defined by labour Our economic success or failure is a personal choice 0 Structural limitations of class structure are invisible not marked by titles of nobility or caste Capitalists owning class 0 Appropriate surplus profit is the goal of capitalism Surplus is created from labour power product or service commodity sold for surplus to shareholders gt This means that labour power which is supplied by the working class creates a productservice which is called a commodity Commodities are basically created merely to be sold for moneyprofit which is the surplus that is returned to the shareholders Socioeconomic Status A ranking of who you are gt occupation education and income are all involved in socioeconomic status gt It is the hierarchical arrangement of individuals based upon wealth power and prestige NOT to be confused with CLASS socioeconomic status is more about reputation than your actual class However it is connected to class Stratification institutionalized ineguality in distribution of scarce resources So in simpler terms it is anything people want that is not abundant enough for all people to have as much as they want Max Weber German 0 Economic or class income and wealth 0 Social prestige status occupation 0 Power control over one s life Strata layers various layers within society Like an onion gt Class is seen as groups of people with similar rankings 0 Does not look at one s relationship to means of production Focus on occupations and division of labour and different layers strata Stratification puts out the idea that anyone can be part of upper class You too could be a millionaire gt Stratification hides structural identity and assumes classless society it hides that capitalism relies on inequality and working class Determined only by relationship to production according to Marxists O No struggles only difference 0 Class and inequality are tied to struggle between opposing forces 0 Class determined only by relationship to production Class Consciousness the understanding that someone has of their place in class structure and what class they are in Shared intraclass interests gtMiddle class Working classlt Class is gt relational yet hierarchical and in con ict gt middle class consumers depend on working class labour 0 middle class tax cuts means less EI for laid off manufacturing sector workers gt compromised of objective TYPE of labour and subjective Class consciousness elements Corporate Elites Ruling Class 0 Economic power is converted to social and political power to protect own class interests If you earn a wage for work you are WORKING CLASS gt 99 of Canadians earn wage for labour gt We survive by means of wage New Middle class or Modern Petic Bourgeoisie gt may have some control over labour power of others but no real economic ownership over means of production gt they still sell labour power Proletarianization lower status jobs pay more than high status jobs Working Class Consciousness Working class is not encouraged to see each other as a collective gt Waged workers fragmented by scarcity of work and declining wages gt Lack of political and social influence common sense gt Lucky to have a job gt Lack of success is a personal failure gt Sense of competition These four points imply that there should not be class consciousness The Owning class focuses on preventing that Owning class gets wealth from the assets that they own gt stocks investments gt high consciousness Working class does not have a high consciousness gt Waged workers are in uenced by lack of work and lowering wages gt Lack of political and social influence gt Constant impending threat of job loss Intraclass Con ict O This is intentional unemployment which creates scarcity and competition for secure jobs and wages 0 Different types of people will be willing to work longer hours for less money This is greater productivity at less cost to employer When production is low industrycompanies need more people Marx called this the Reserved army of labour group of people who are perpetually unemployed They are essential to the workings of capitalism It creates downward pressure on wages Keeps workers demands in check Some class warfare tactics O Demonize Unions I Cause of economic slowdown and Violation of individual freedom public opinion I Restriction on union rights to organize strike and collect dues I Since 70 s unions have lost a lot of respect 0 Rely on Racism I Establish migrant workers VS Canadian citizens I Union VS migrant workers I If we lower migrant s pay all unemployed wages go down Differences between Social Class and Socioeconomic Status SC relations to production one class can t live without another structurally in conflict SES wealth income education occupation


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