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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alicia Carstarphen on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Megan Lee Wilson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 143 views. For similar materials see Intro to general Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
Chapter 5 Developing Through the Life Span A Infancy and Childhood Maturation the orderly sequence of biological growth A Physical Development a You are born with all the brain cells that you ll ever have b From 36 the most rapid growth was in your frontal lobes which enable rational planning The developing brain enables physical coordination The sequence of physical development ie roll over sit crawl walk All babies walk by their first birthday Our average age of earliest conscious memory is 35 years B Cognitive Development a Cognition all the mental activities associated with thinking knowing remembering and communicating b Schemas concepts or mental molds into which we pour our experiences c Assimilate we interpret them in terms of our current understandings d Accommodate adapting our current understandings to incorporate new information i Piaget s Theory and Current Thinking 1 4 major stages sensorimotor preoperational concrete operational and formal operation 2 Sensorimotor Stage from to age 2 a Babies take in the world through their senses and ac ons b Object permanence the awareness that objects continue to exist when not perceived c In this stage they have stranger anxiety 3 Preoperational Stage age 2 to about 6 or 7 a Able to represent things with words and images but too young to perform mental operations b Conservation the principle that quantity remains the same despite the changes in shape c Egocentric difficulty perceiving things from another s point of view d Theory of mind the ability to attribute mental states to oneself and others to understand their beliefs 4 Concrete Operational Stage age 7 to 11 a Gain mental operations that enable them to think about concrete events These b Children become able to comprehend mathematical transformations and conversations i Example They realize when you have more of something than them like a whole graham cracker compared to half of their graham cracker 5 Formal Operational Stage abstract logic a Begin to think logically about abstract concepts b Autism Spectrum Disorder a disorder marked by social deficiencies and repetitive behaviors C Social Development a b e f g h I j Attachment a powerful survival impulse that keeps infants close to their caregivers Human attachment also consists of one person providing another with a secure base from which to explore and a safe haven when distorted Contact and familiarity are keys to attachment Critical period an optimal period when certain events must take place to facilitate proper development lmprinting the process by which certain animals form strong attachments during early life Basic trust a sense that the world is predictable and reliable Selfconcept an understanding and assessment of who they are Authoritarian parents impose rules and expect obedience Permissive parents make few demands and use little punishment Authoritative parents are both demanding and responsive B Adolescence The physical years spent morphing from a child to an adult A Physical Development a Puberty The time when we mature sexually b Menarche First menstrual period c Some girls start their growth spurt at 9 and some boys start as late as 16 d The adolescents brain is also a work in progress the frontal lobe continues to develop B Cognitive Development a Preconventional morality before age 9 selfinterest obey rules to avoid punishment or gain concrete rewards b Conventional morality early adolescence uphold laws and rules to gain social approval or maintain social order c Postconventional morality adolescence and beyond actions reflect belief basic rights and selfdefined ethical principles d Delay gratification To pass on small rewards now for bigger rewards later A Social Development a ldentity The resolution is a selfdefinition that unifies the various selves into a consistent and comfortable sense of who one is b Social identity A persons sense of who they are based on their group membership c lntimacy The ability to form emotionally close relationships d Emerging adults a period from about 18 age to the midtwenties when many Western cultures are no longer adolescents but have not achieved full independence as adults C Adulthood early adulthood roughly 20s and 30s middle adulthood to age 65 and late adulthood after 65 years old A Physical Development a Aging also brings gradual decline in fertility especially for women b Menopause menstrual cycle ends c With age sexual activity lessons d Women outlive men by 46 years B Cognitive Development a Cross sectional studiescomparing people of different ages b Longitudinal studies restudying people over time c Neurocognitive Disorder a series of small strokes brain tumors or alcohol use can progressively damage the brain d Alzheimer s Disease a progressive decline in memory or other cognitive abilities loss of brain cells and deterioration of neurons that produce the neurotransmitter acetylcholine C Social Development a Social clock the culturally preferred timing of social events i Example marriage parenthood b Midlife transition A crisis a time of great struggle regret or even feeling struck down by life c lntimacy forming close relationships d Generativity being productive and supporting future generations