week 6 notes
week 6 notes Phil 111
Popular in Multicultural Philosophy (Diversity)
Popular in PHIL-Philosophy
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Trevor Meed on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 111 at St. Cloud State University taught by Dr. Jordan Curnutt in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Multicultural Philosophy (Diversity) in PHIL-Philosophy at St. Cloud State University.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
Week 6 study group notes Dakota Ethics continued Affinal relatives 0 Relation by marriage all spouses ofall blood relatives become relative as well The wives husbands siblings and cousins brothersisterinlaw and even the social relatives Social relatives 0 Relations not based on blood or marriage they arise from everyday social interactions like at school work in the neighborhood at the grocery store 0 People are not merelyfriends they are kin Theirfriends are like ourview of acquaintances in American culture Why is kinship so important 0 Kinship determines properinteraction between people in fourways 1 Harmony Every culture demands courtesy and politeness For Dakotas speaking to another politely and with courtesy requires a kinship term like motheror brother It is rude to just use the person s name 2 Sincerity Any serious and honest communication between people or between people and God requires defining the relationship In Dakota wacekiya to address a relative or to pray 3 Security When people recognize their relationship to one another they understand their duties as relatives This generates trust and confidence Relatives must not harm each othe r but can never be sure ofa strange r 4 Clarity Understanding kinship provides actin and attitude guidance for interactions The nature ofthe relation generates specificobligations to behave and to think in ways appropriate forthat relative 0 Four effects of kinship rules 1 Stature Prestige and standing among the people are a function of how well a person follows the kinship rules The best people are the best relatives 2 Virtue Excellence and virtue as a Dakota person require obedience to kinship rules and focus on extended family this creates a people highly sensitive to relative s needs and interests Caring and thoughtful Dakotas are always very polite 3 Wealth Emphasize on the good of the group and the welfare of relatives makes accumulating personal wealth dishonorable Excess materials must be given away Person of highest regard is the one who has provided the most for relatives 4 Conflict When relatives quarrelthe mattermust not be left unresolved The respected members ofthe community will talkto the disputes and impress upon them how their argument is makingtheir relatives unhappy An ethic of Care 0 Care ethics 0 Focus on interpersonal relationships and particular circumstances 0 Requires close attention to needs and interests of everyone involved in a specific situation The priority is to maintain connections together 0 The Dakota virtue of being a good relative and family member they reject personal wealth and theirapproach to conflict resolution exemplifies an ethicof care RightsJustice based Ethics 0 Focus on the empirical applications of universal principles to determinejustentitlements This approach does not prioritize relationships and does not require understanding any particulars about the people or ci rcumstances involved 0 The ethics prioritize the individual and what heshe has a right to receive These just entitlements may be contrary to the interest ofthe family or community and may break down relationships with others EN D DAKOTA ETHICS James Rachel wrote quotThe elements of Moral Philosophy we uses chapterfrom book The challenge of Cultural Relativism Different people have different moral codes 0 The claims of Cultural Relativism 1 Different societies have different moral codes different people live to different rules that regulate theirbehavior 2 The culture determines whatthe morals are right and wrong is determined by the popular opInIon 3 Are no objective universal truths nothing in morality is true for all people at all times there is no standard to judge other people 4 Our moral code is one of many moral cultures are not betterthan anotherone s standards objectivity 5 Judging cultures as morally better is arrogant no one s culture is betterthan any other culture The Culture Differences Argument CDA 1 Different cultures have different moral codes some practice different kinds of marriage others treat theirdead differently burn them bury them or eat them 2 Therefore there is no objective universaltruth in morality Right and wrong are matters ofopinion Moral opinions varywith culture 0 The problemforCDS isthat it is not valid 0 Valid must have 1 be true and 2 must follow logicallyfrom number1 0 We can logically accept 1 and deny 2 So it is not valid 0 2 does notfollowlogicallyfrom number1 o 1 can be true but that does not prove that there are facts or truth in morality What follows from cultural relativism 1 We could not say othercultures are morally inferiorto ourown There is no objective standard to measure with 2 We can no longer criticize the moral standards ofour own culture Cannot say that our own values and morals are right or wrong 3 no such thing as moral progress progress means to improve or get better But that is an objective view so there isjust change 0 Moral reform don t make things betteror worse just different Why there is less disagreement than it seems 0 Many factors produce moral standards religious belief factual belief and the physical environment were the cultural lives
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