Research Methods Spring Break
Research Methods Spring Break Pols 201
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Jones on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Pols 201 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Adam Eckerd in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Research Methods in Political Science in Political Science at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 03/20/16
Chapter 7 and Chapter 9 Survey Method o 7.1 Sampling Principles Surveys need A clearly defined population If possible, a simple random sample from a sample frame Otherwise, systematic sampling techniques such as list, stratified… A sample size of at least 30 o 7.2 Types of Survey Census Aims for responses from everybody in a population to get basic demographic data for info Questions can be interpreted oddly, even if trying to ask the same things Easier to identify shortcomings of censuses than to provide better data Basis that the census is correct, to move forward Cross-Sectional Surveys Particular population, particular time o Most often used Longitudinal Surveys Repetition of a cross sectional o Shows the change in views Trend studies: different samples from a general population Cohort studies Follows the same population over time Panel studies Same sample over time, difficult to do. o 7.3 Implementation Options Street interviews: non-random, haphazard sample Face-to-face interviews Probably more valid Group administration Non response less of a problem Mail interviews Non reply is high Phone interviews Non reply Internet questionnaires Technical problems are involved here. o 7.4 Survey Protocols Procedures to be followed Interviewer training Strict rules that don’t persuade to one side o 7.5 Managing surveys Survey director Coordinator, writer, pilot test Survey manager Establish links with authorities Field supervisor On the job supervision of interviewers Interviewers Face to face talker Data analyst Roels here are data entry, checking, formatting o 7.6 Increasing response rates Survey fatigue is often Know a helper Explain Identification Offer feedback Do not be bossy Do not take any substitutes Chapter 9 Available Data o 9.1 Sampling principles Difficult to gauge completeness Files When they provide lists, you can sample, but if a frame exist, you can study the population, and not the sample o 9.2 Validity and reliability Primary data Means intervies and personal reports from actual participants When analyzed for V and R it is considered primary documents Secondary data Reporting based on others accounts o Less valid, but can be added to it o Incomplete records Unintentional typically o Biased o Intentional incompleteness Informal censoring. To fit what needed External criticism o Identify if data is viable Internal criticism o Consideration of the meaning of the data o 9.3 Content analysis Classification Chronologically, nominal, Evaluation Takes analysis further to an interpretative level o 9.4 Presenting text Keep themes literature review present, moving around and parafrashing per paragraph o 9.5 Using Numerical Data Coding of data must be accurate Requirement of converting o Face validity Judgement that validates judgement available from other research projects
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