Seasons and Moon Phases
Seasons and Moon Phases AST 101 - M001
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AST 101 - M001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mitchell Jones on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AST 101 - M001 at Syracuse University taught by C. Armendariz-Picon in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Our Corner of the Universe in Astronomy at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
The Seasons Origin of the seasons Due to tilt of earth s axis Winter northern hemisphere points away summer towards Reversed for southern hemisphere Winter in northern is summer in southern Spring and fall perpendicular to sun Distance between sun and earth has no relation to seasons In December sun is closer to earth summer sun is further no correlation Phases of the moon Moon is a natural staelite of earth Orbits about once a month Rises in east sets west Due to earth s rotation Phases Waxing illumination getting bigger until full Waning illumination gets smaller until new moon Crescent illumination small Gibbous illumination bigger Position of moon relative to sun and earth responsible for moon s phases New moon dark moon can t see from earth Moon orbits earth counterclockwise First quarter moon first half after the new moon right side illuminated Full moon Third quarter first half moon after full moon left side illuminated Moon s orbit tilted Moon s light moves clockwise picture a cap covering the moon it must be moved clockwise to simulate the shadows Moon rises and sets in twelve hours highest six hours after rising Rises on average 50 minutes later each day because the earth has to rotate a little bit more each day to bring it back to see the moon in its orbit Phase Rise Highest Point Set New 6 am Noon 6 pm First Crescent 9 am 3 pm 9 pm First Quarter 12 Noon 6 pm Midnight First Gibbous 3 pm 9 pm 3 am Full 6 pm 12 Midnight 6 am Last Gibbous 9 pm 3 am 9 am Last Quarter Midnight 6 am Noon Last Crescent 3 am 9 am 3 pm
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