Week 6 Notes
Week 6 Notes HSC 481
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chelsea Ross on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HSC 481 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Brey in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Stress Managment in Nursing and Health Sciences at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
O 09 HSC 481 Notes Chapter 5 Notes Psychoanalytic Theory gt Freud gt Focused on sexual needs and desires gt Struggle conscious and unconscious gt Tension ego controls impulses from the id Defense Mechanisms gt Used unconsciously by the ego gt Used in response to anger and fear gt A person may use more than one defense mechanism Types of Defense Mechanisms gt Denialdisbelief gt Repression involuntary removal gt Projection attribute to something else blaming gt Rationalization manipulation on truth gt Displacement transfer painful feelings gt Humor decrease painincrease pleasure Carl Jung gt Mind Metaphorical Iceberg 1 Conscious mind 2 Personal unconscious mind 3 Collective unconscious mind Dream Interpretation Treated as fact Definite ideas expressed as symbols Makes sense decoded properly Reoccurring dreams previous traumapersonal defect PTSD Interpretation is individualistic Essential to resolving stress VVVVVV 92315 Jung believed gt Until the conscious mind can speak the language of the unconscious mind there will be stress in the individual Stages of the Grieving Process KublerRoss 1969 gt Emotional reactions of dying people gt Each person is unique meaning some people may skip stages or revisit some stages Denial gt Disbelief gt Refuse to believe that they will die gt Temporary defense mechanism Anger gt Feel they have quotbeen cheated gt Feel that it s quotnot fair gt Patient can vent fears amp frustrations amp anxieties gt May direct anger at relatives friends and physicians Bargaining gt Strike bargains with God or a church leader gt Some people turn to religious conversations gt Some people believe that they can quotbuy time Depression gt Grieving for their own death gt Withdraw from family amp friends gt Periods of silencecrying Acceptance Fully realize they are going to die Sense of peace Voice of feeling Sense of calm introspective May prefer to be left alone or with family and close friends VVVVV Describe SelfEsteem Feel comfortable with thoughts amp feelings Get along with others Cope with stressful situations Make contributions VVVV 0 v SelfEsteem gt A sense of selfworth the valuing of oneself as a person 92815 v 6 Components of SelfEsteem gt A sense of importance I The sense of inner feeling that you matter amp are important gt A sense of identity I Who you feel you are based on demographic variables I A person s view of themselves changes over the years gt A sense of competence I Sense that you have control over your behavior I Sense that your behavior has an impact on the environment I You can quotmaster the environment gt Sense of Personal Worth amp Individuality I Sense that you are a unique whole and independent person gt A sense of intimacy with Others I A person s ability to connect with others amp have hisher needs met in relationships gt A sense of value I Philosophy of being values amp rules for behavior I Supports the other parts of selfesteem especially the sense of identity gt TEST 339 Viktor Frankl Nazi concentration camp prisoner for 3 years Logotherapy search for the meaning of life Tragic Optimism ability to turn suffering into a meaningful experience NooDynamics state of tension spiritual dynamic that motivates one to find meaning in l eabsence I Existential vacuum VVVV v Wayne Dyer amp Worry gt quotGuilt amp worry rob us from living in the present moment a place that many people rarely spend much time 339 Guilt amp Worry Wasted emotional energy Immobilize our thoughts No amount of guilt will change the past No amount of worry will change the future VVVV O 0 Leo Buscaglia Selflove gt Selflove begins with cultivating selfesteem gt Unless you can learn to love yourself unconditionally you will have stress gt Xfactorspecial quality that makes each of us unique TEST Abraham Maslow gt Studied the lives of many people to see what was our greatest potential TraitsInner Resources SelfActualization gt Highly efficient perception of reality object of self and others and situations I Decrease stress level gt Acceptance I Accept self and others gt Naturalness amp Spontaneity I Don t have to put on an act for others gt Problem Centering I They have positive relationships I Focus on problem gt Solitude amp Independence I Ok with being by themselves gt Continual Freshness of Appreciation I Being in the moment Creativity Interpersonal Relationships Human Kindship I Strong sense of ethical values I Resistance to enculturation VVV 0 Follow what heart says gt Democratic Character I Don t trust people because of different social class gt Sense of humor gt Mystical or Peak Experiences Eustress I Moment of quotawequot Maslow s Hierarchy of Needs Theory gt Peopleessentially good amp are capable of reaching highest potential gt Basic needs met most urgent gt Meta needs secondary Maslow gt Focuses on what s unique amp positive about behavior amp experiences 93015 gt Person lives with purposes amp values gt Growth inner needs amp motivation Pyramid gt Selftranscendence offer one s self altruistically for the service of others 6th level I TEST gt Physiological Needs 5th level I Food water sleep sex exercise health gt Safety amp Security 4th level I Protection peace order stability gt Belonging amp Love 3rd level I Acceptance affection affiliation gt Esteem Needs 2nd level I Selfworth selfesteem accomplishment gt SelfActualization 1st level I Spirituality creativity aesthetic appreciation Creative Expression VVVVV Nonconformity Independence Motivation Curiosity Persistence Maslow believed gt Each of us has the potential for selfactualization Kohlberg gt Emphasized moral development gt Morality develops as individual matures gt 3 levels of morality gt Preconventional Level I Lowest level typically found in younger kids I Consequences determine whether an act is right or wrong I Obey rules in order to obtain favors I View morality as a function of power gt Conventional Level I Decisions are made on the basis of whether or not they maintain social order I Act in socially approved ways I Meet others expectations gt PostConventional Level I Toplevel I No absolute moral rules they are subject to change I Define moral values in terms of freely choosing ethical principles Behavoralism Human action stimulus amp response Human action shaped by rewards amp punishments At birth a person is a clean slate Believe that personality is learned Genetics goals values aren t important in personality development VVVVV Chapter 6 The Stress Emotions Anger Fear amp Joy 10215 Emotional Intelligence gt Ability to understand others gt Act wisely in human relations Emotional Intelligence 5 Main Domains Knowing your emotions Managing your emotions Motivating yourself Recognizing emotions in others Handling relationships VVVVV Emotional Intelligence SelfAwareness gt Strengthsweaknesses gt Read own emotions gt Emotions enhancequothijackquot thinking Emotional Intelligence SelfManagement gt Take action strengthsweaknesses gt Adapt to changechallenges gt Wordsactions inspire trust in others Emotional Intelligence Social Awareness gt Read emotions of others gt demonstrate genuine empathy gt quotread the room Emotional Intelligence Relationship Management gt Feedback guidance inspiration to others gt Build bonds with others foster teamwork amp network gt Vision people see amp want to be part of 5 Principles of Feelings Not controllable by the will Must be recognized amp accepted as they are Every feeling however unpleasant has its uses Fade in time unless they are restimulated Can be directly influenced by behavior VVVVV Anger Fear amp Joy gt Anger amp fear cause the most stress takes a toll on body Stress amp Emotions gt Emotions can be stressors gt Emotions can be by products of stress response Remember gt It s how you perceive the feelings amp deal or not deal with them amp triggers the stress response not the emotions themselves Anger gt Survival emotion gt Common to all animals gt Darwin I Rage reflex aggressive nature fight essential to survival of the species Anger Mismanagement Styles gt Somatizers I Passive behavior style I Takes a toll on the body I Suppress feelings fear of rejection or loss of approval I Martyr complex quotit s for me Physical symptoms headaches ulcers colitis arthritis gt Self Punishers I Channel anger into guilt I Get angry at self for getting angry with others I Deny proper outlet I Punish with control measuresoverunder eating excessive drinking shopping sleeping cutting selfmotivation Exploders I Uncontrolled aggression I Hostile manner verbal or physical I Explosive behavior I Intimidation to control I Type A personality CH D Underhanders I Mild abuse on others I Targetcause of threat indirect I Passiveaggressive quotlittle jabs ex walking in late to a meeting sarcasm FB posts I See themselves as life s victims