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Week 5--Lectures 11-13

by: Caitlin Acierno

Week 5--Lectures 11-13 Art History 201

Caitlin Acierno
GPA 3.0
History of Western Art 1: From Pyramids to Cathedrals
Prof Dale

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About this Document

Lecture 11 from September 28, 2015 and Lecture 13 from October 2, 2015. These notes go along with the power-points shown in lecture and given online. Some pictures are within the notes. I apologize...
History of Western Art 1: From Pyramids to Cathedrals
Prof Dale
Class Notes
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caitlin Acierno on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Art History 201 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Prof Dale in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 81 views. For similar materials see History of Western Art 1: From Pyramids to Cathedrals in Art History at University of Wisconsin - Madison.


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Date Created: 10/04/15
Lecture 11 Ancient Greek Vast Painting The Artist and Mimesis September 28 2015 During the 5th and 6th centuries we see the rise of individual artists The shift from relative abstraction to highly illusionistic human forms Lecture Themes main points from the slide 0 Changes in style in relation to technique Function as Domestic Objects from the home and cemetery 0 They were not meant to be on display they were meant to be used Decoration reinforces function and signifies a certain social status and taste Decoration potentially stimulates story telling Highlights Greek pantheon epic literature cultural rituals and celebration of the body Vases were exported from Athens Attica Corinth and Rhodes 0 It was always a competition for high class wares Factors in Transformation of Vase Painting from lecture slide 0 Specialization of labor Inscriptions EPOIESEN for quotmade it EGRAPSEN quotpainted it and competition as market for ceramic where expands in increasingly affluent polio 0 Technical innovations including introduction of varied glazes incised details shift to RedFigure 0 Development of mimetic tradition of narrative in Greek epic literature Homer 8th century BCE reflected in visual narratives Archaeological 0 Most vases were found in large and small pieces at archaeological sites 0 The different shapes had different functions o The most common is the large vase in the last row in the middle 0 The smallest ones were used for perfume oils ect See lecture slides for pot making process Geometric Period o This is the earliest phase o It was a grave marker 0 Held wine to be poured over the grave 0 Two zones depicting a funeral procession 0 Bottom I Chariot procession 0 Top I The figure laying horizontally is the dead guy The vertical figures are professional mourning women The dots around them have thought to be their tears I They are all really close together I Moving left to right or right to left depending on which side you look at I The horses are all in strict profile I The women are fully frontal I The dead guy is on his side 0 The checkered cloth is supposed to be over him I The table shows all four legs where you probably would only see two This shows dimension 0 Every surface is filled The spaces without the funeral procession are filled with geometric motifs 0 Compare to the predynastic Egyptian pot we saw before 0 The body shapes and gestures Orientalizing Period borrowing from the East o This was a storage vessel for liquids 0 Can compare the animals in the friezes to the Ishtar gate of Babylon 0 On the neck 0 Harpy or siren 0 Some vessels have a sphinx 0 There seems to have been a quotfear of open space since every surface is covered 0 Illusionism o More than one color 0 Multiple sizes Archaic Period o This is the most famous example of the archaic period vases o It has both the potter and the painters names on it o This only started to happen in the 6th century 0 This was made for mixing water and wine 0 The spiral handles were very characteristic 0 Subject matter 0 Each horizontal frieze was figural imagery from mythology please see the lecture slide for descriptions 0 They are all very detailed 0 Detail showing Peleus greeting Hermes amp Iris Hestia Demeter Chariklo and Leto Dionysios with amphora of wine OfVNa394 Later Archaic Period l I If 9 t l quot If J 2 L241 quot m w g w 55 Jug I I I fda39 e The gods are going to Peleus hous Thetis is in the house Light skinned females Dark skinned males The Architecture of the house is similar to that of the doric temple o It is also small in comparison to the figure inside 0 Artistic manipulation 0 One scene on each side of the vessel 0 Picture 0 Shows internal space Framed You have to look past the columns as if looking into the scene 0 The figures are moving 0 All the women have white flesh 0 They are getting water The pots they are holding are similar to the pot this is painted on 0 They have dance like steps 0 This was specifically used to get water 0 This was the only time women were aloud outside and to see each other so this was usually used to gossip about the town happenings RedFigu re technique o This is a reversal between the figure and the background 0 Note the petal shaped handles 0 This shows the wrestling match between Herakles and Antaios a giant 0 The one with the lighter hair color is Antaios o The hair of Herakles has a lot of detail to it Almost as if there was something added to it Classical Period White Ground Period 0 Small square vessel 1 foot in height 0 Used at a grave site to pour oils over the grave to help the smell 0 The female could be a goddess but is most likelyjust the wife of the soldier who is about to go off to war 0 The woman looks downward and not at the man I This is indication of an intimate scene between a husband and a wife 0 They are wearing illusionistic clothing 0 You don t see any emotions 0 Instead you see a passive or distant expression Lecture 13 The Female Nude and Gender in Greek Art InClass Discussion 4 October 2 2015 Overlying question Why did it take so long for the female nude to change Precursors o Cycladic Figurines Parian Marble c25002200 BCE U Highly polished Very small 15 2 ft tall Nose is shown but nothing else Female anatomy I Hips I Legs I Breasts 0 Venus of Willendorf Palaeolithic limestone ca 15000 BCE 0000 0 First known example of any nude art 0 Very small 0 No facial features 0 Neither example have the conventional erotic nude that the Greeks have 0 Why did it take the Greeks so long to develop the female nude Praxiteles Knidian Aphrodite marble ca 350 BCE This is the first known nude figure of a female the Greeks created The story is that the artist made two figures One clothed and the other nude The people the nude figure was intended for originally rejected it and took the clothed one but the people who ended up getting the nude figure loved it The Goddess is emerging from a bath Her gaze doesn t meet ours Right hand covers the private area The Romans loved this figure so much that they made a copy of it and put it up inside of a love garden It was supposed to inspire love It appears as if very real Pygmalion effect o It will come alive if touched Comparisons o Medici Venus after Praxiteles 1st cent BCE I Change in gesture 0 Left hand covers private area right covers breasts I Change in glance 0 Looking farther away as if ashamed to meet the eye of the viewer o Aphrodite of Melos Venus de Milo 2nd c BCE wequot quot I Similar to the Medici Venus I Cloth looks like it is in the process of falling off Progressively we see male nudes where the males are unashamed and everything seems to be hanging all out We rarely see a female nude without some sort of shamed gesture trying to hide herself from view


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