Week 6 Notes
Week 6 Notes CJS 102
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abby Hamilton on Sunday October 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CJS 102 at Illinois State University taught by Dr. Cara Rabe-Hemp in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 137 views. For similar materials see Individuals, Society, and Justice in Criminal Justice at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 10/04/15
CJS 102 Week 6 Notes National Issues Dr Cara RabeHemp Walker Chapter 10 Control Gun Crimes Notes THE PROBLEM WITH GUNS AND GUN POLICY 0 Polls show support for greater control over guns but legislative proposals have only one support in a few states and have gotten nowhere in congress o Firearms used in o 70 of homicides each year 0 41 of robberies every year 0 Gun violence is down significantly 0 The Great American Crime Drop I we have less crime overall less violent crime and fewer crimes committed with a firearm o Decline in intimate partner violence in White African Americans and Hispanic Americans 0 Two gun violence Problems in US 0 Mass shootings as rare events but received massive publicity o Majority of gunrelated homicides occur on the streets in poor high crime and predominantly African American and Latino neighborhoods 0 Chicago Case 0 Chicago had 513 murders in 2012 a 17 increase in two years 0 two important facts I dramatises the central place of lowincome African Americans and Latino communities as the center of our gun violence problems I even after rise 0 Supply reduction and demand reduction 0 Supply reduction sees guns as the problem and seeks to reduce their availability I banning guns or at least some kinds and restricting who can own guns 0 Demand reduction focuses on gun offenders and seeks to reduce their demand desire to own and use for guns I tough punishment 0 Both want to prohibit people with criminal records and mental health problems from legally purchasing and owning guns THE POLITICAL CONTEXT PUBLIC ATTITUDES ABOUT GUNS AND GUN VIOLENCE o Often reported that a majority of Americans favor gun control 0 Partially true but also misleadinggun control involves a lot of policy alternatives 0 80 favor requiring police permits for purchasing a gun o 80 favor 5 day waiting period o 78 favor doubling prison terms for crimes committed with a gun GUN OWNERSHIP AND GUN RELATED VIOLENCE c There are an estimated 270 million firearms in circulation in the United States 0 Gun ownership has never fallen below 36 0 People in southeastern US more likely to have a gun 0 rural area with strong hunting tradition o Attempts to ban the possession of handguns or certain kinds of guns are not a viable option for reducing crime 0 Black market 0 millions of guns already in circulation 0 Laws that seeks to keep guns out of the hands of criminals and the mentally ill have at best some limited effect but are easily evaded by the black market in guns 0 people with criminal records know they will fail the background check and go directly to the black market KEEPING GUNS AWAY FROM SPECIAL LOCATIONS AIRPORTS 0 effective in curbing airplane hijackings 0 decreased from 40 in 1969 to only one attempted hijacking in 1990 and 1991 0 911 no guns boxcutters SCHOOLS o 1994 GunFree Schools Act requires schools receiving federal education funds to expel students who bring a firearm to school 0 Schools have been getting safer o and average of 30 shooting events in 1990s but only 17 in the 20092010 academic year c Decline explained by the Great American Crime Drop andor byt new school security measures MORE GUNS LESS CRIME 0 Gun advocates argue that there would be less crime of more people carried guns on a routine basis 0 potential criminals would have to weigh in the increased in their potential to be shot before committing the crime 0 The StandYourGround Law Controversy Much disagreement on what it means basically allows a person to use deadly force ONLY if they feel their own life in is danger 0 Police are trained extensively on when and how to use deadly force 0 Ordinary people are likely to shoot in instances notjustified by the law 0 Laws designed to allow more people to carry guns and laws that allow them to use their guns in a greater range of circumstances are more likely to increase rather than reduce homicides LOCAL GUN LAW EXPERIMENTS o Tough Sentencing in Detroit An Early Experiment o In 1977 Michigan passes a law mandating two years in a prison for any gun related crime No statistically significant change in the expected minimum sentence did not significantly alter the number or type of violent offenses committed in Detroit 0 The Kansas City Gun Experiment 0 19921993 intensive enforcement of existing laws on the illegal carrying of handguns I Problemoriented policing focused on a specific problem I Hot spots patrol focuses on a specific area 0 Crime reduced in some neighborhoods and increased in others I reduction could be caused by the direct result of removing guns from the area through deterrence or through the incapacitation of potential offenders who were arrested and imprisoned 0 suggests that a clearly focused program to remove guns from the streets can reduce gunrelated crime 0 The Boston Gun project A National Model 0 serves as a model of problemoriented policing by I focusing on a specific problem I making extensive use of partnerships I combining traditional enforcing efforts with innovative nontraditional methods 0 Operation Ceasefire I in response to upsurge of gun violence I focused on gangs I pulling levers factors that give law enforcement or correctional officers leverage over the people involved in gun violence 0 Operation Night Light I evening visits to the residences of people on probation or parole to enforce the conditions of the individuals release 0 Call in meetings I held with identified gang members I threatened to pull every lever until gun violence stopped Found a 63 reduction in monthly youth homicides Virtues of this project are I narrowly focusedspecific target audience I proactive operating before further gun violence begins 0 Carefully designed and focused programs directed toward a small group of known offenders have been found to be effective in reducing gun violence Week 6 Class Notes 0 Supreme court cases challenged DC and Chicago city ordinances saying that guns were not allowed within the city limits 0 Court found them unconstitutional violated the 2nd amendment 0 Illinois was the last state to get conceal and carry laws 0 Suicide included in violent crime statistics THE 2ND AMENDMENT 0 a well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed 0 Well regulated militia ordinary people 0 keeppossessing o bearingusing o infringedviolated o founding fathers found this so important because 0 individuals with firearms freed the US from Britain 0 prevents government from becoming too powerful The debate is over whether or not the same ideas are relevant today HISTORY o Prohibition Crime was born c It was believed lots of problems could be rooted back to alcohol so it was outlawed it 0 Birth of gun restrictions I guns could not be mailed I no guns to felons 0 Black market began o Firearms Act of 1968 o Prohibited intrastate sales I can only buy firearms in homestate o No guns for minors or felons 0 Only licenced sellers 0 Guns can t be mailed 0 Brady Bill 0 5 day handgun waiting period 0 required background check during waiting period ILLINOIS FIREARM SITUATION c you are eligible to own a firearm in Illinois if c I have not been convicted of any Felony under the laws of this or any other jurisdiction l have not been adjudicated as a mental defective l have not been a patient in a mental institution or any part of a medical facility for the treatment of mental illness within the past 5 years I am not intellectually disabled or developmentally disabled I have not within the past year preceding the date of this application used or been addicted to any controlled substance or narcotics in violation of state or federal law O I am not subject of an existing Order of Protection or a No ContactNo Stalking Order I have not within the past 5 years been convicted of battery assault aggravated assault violation of an order of protection or a substantially similar offense in which a firearm was used or possessed l have not been convicted of domestic battery felony or misdemeanor aggravated domestic battery or a substantially similar offense I have not been adjudicated by a court as a mental defective or ordered by a court board or authorized entity to inpatient or outpatient mental health treatment I am not an alien who is unlawfully present in the United States I am not a medical marijuana patient registry card holder l have not within the past year failed a drug test for a drug for which I did not have a prescription l have not been admitted to the United States under a nonimmigrant visa of the Immigration and Nationality Act I have never renounced my citizenship as a citizen of the United States I have never been discharged from the Armed Forces under dishonorable conditions I am not a fugitive from justice 0 Regulated sales 0 O FOID card Firearm Owners ID Background checks 0 When you actually go out and buy a gun you must 0 O O fill out a form to transfer ownership of the gun from the shop to you wait 72 hours to get a handgun 24 hours for a long gun During the waiting period you get another background check