Chapter 8 Vocabulary Notes
Chapter 8 Vocabulary Notes PSYC 1000
Popular in Introductory Psychology
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Psychlogy
verified elite notetaker
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Naida Adams on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1000 at East Carolina University taught by Christyn Dolbier in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at East Carolina University.
Reviews for Chapter 8 Vocabulary Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 03/20/16
Chapter 8 MNEMONIC Vocabulary: Term: Definition: Connection: memory the persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information. recall a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve information learned earlier, as on a fillintheblank test. recognition a measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned, as on a multiplechoice test. relearning a measure of memory that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material again. encoding the processing of information into Sounds like the memory system–for example, “decoding”: by extracting meaning. processing the unknown information to better understand by extracting meaning storage the retention of encoded retention= continued information over time. possession. You put your things in storage to keep possession of it. retrieval the process of getting information out of memory storage sensory memory the immediate, very brief recording Sensory ( Senses)→ of sensory information in the feelings, feelings are memory system. usually brieand not prolonged shortterm memory activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as seven digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten. P Sherman 42 Wallaby way Sidney longterm memory the relatively permanent and Longterm → limitless storehouse of the memory permanent and system. Includes knowledge, skills, limitless memory and experiences. working memory a newer understanding of Working → active, shortterm memory that focuses on conscious conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and visualspatial information, and of information retrieved from longterm memory. explicit memory memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and “declare.” (Also calledeclarative memory. ) One of the first explicit albums → declared corruption in the police system (declarative memory) effortful processing encoding that requires attention and conscious effort. automatic processing unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space, time, and frequency, and of welllearned information, such as word meanings. implicit memory retention independent of conscious Opposite of explicit → recollection. (Also called NONdeclarative nondeclarative memory. ) memory iconic memory a momentary sensory memory of Icon: a picture/ visual stimuli; a photographic or image → visual pictureimage memory lasting no stimuli a photo or more than a few tenths of a second. picture image. Icons on the computer are small pics → the memory lasts for a small amount of time echoic memory a momentary sensory memory of Sounds like echo → auditory stimuli; if attention is when you shout elsewhere, sounds and words can something from one still be recalled within 3 or 4 place it repeats for 3 seconds. or 4 seconds times elsewhere chunking organizing items into familiar, manageable units; often occurs automatically. mnemonics memory aids, especially those *This vocabulary sheet techniques that use vivid imagery is an example. and organizational devices. spacing effect the tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better longterm retention than is achieved through massed study or practice. testing effect enhanced memory after retrieving, rather than simply rereading, information. Also sometimes referred to as etrieval practice effecortestenhanced learning shallow processing encoding on a basic level based on Shallow→ not deep the structure or appearance of words. deep processing encoding semantically, based on the meaning of the words; tends to yield the best retention. hippocampus a neural center located in the limbic system; helps process explicit memories for storage. flashbulb memory a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event. longterm potentiation an increase in a cell’s firing (LTP) potential after brief, rapid stimulation. Believed to be a neural basis for learning and memory. priming the activation, often unconsciously, of certain associations, thus predisposing one’s perception, memory, or response. moodcongruent memory the tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one’s current good or bad mood. serial position effect our tendency to recall best the last Serial posit→ (arecency effect and first items (a serial numbers (list of primacy effec in a list. numbers) Remembers the first and last items. anterograde amnesia an inability to form new memories. Sounds like “enter a grade”, when entering a new grade at school you receive new memories. Amnesia → is the inability to form memories retrograde amnesia an inability to retrieve informatioRetro → old, the from one’s past. past proactive interference the disruptive effect of prior learning Pro → before, prior on the recall of new information. Interfere → disrupt retroactive interference the disruptive effect of new learning Retro → old, the on the recall of old information. past Interfere → disrupt repression in psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxietyarousing thoughts, feelings, and memories. misinformation effect incorporating misleading False memories information into one’s memory of an event. source amnesia attributing to the wrong source an False memories event we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined. (Also callesource misattribution) Source amnesia, along with the misinformation effect, is at the heart of many false memories. déjà vu that eerie sense that “I’ve experienced this before.” Cues from the current situation may subconsciously trigger retrieval of an earlier experience.