Week of 14,16
Week of 14,16 Psy 362-80
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leeta Obey on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 362-80 at West Chester University of Pennsylvania taught by Paula Henley in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see History and Systems of Psychology in Psychlogy at West Chester University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/20/16
His and Sys weekly March14,16 Chapter 11 – American Psychology and Functionalism William James (1842 – 1910) o Believed in psychology as a science (like Wundt) o James’s Crisis: Read Renouvier’s essay on free will; BELIEVED in free will, it wasn’t just an illusion. Led to pragmatism- if an idea works it is valid; basically the validity of an idea should be based on its usefulness o The Principles of Psychology: he detested his own writing of the book; believed nothing was worth putting into 1000 pages o Stream of Consciousness: “consciousness is personal”, we cannot study it as a common thing because it is different in everyone; “consciousness is continuous and cannot be divided up for analysis” you cannot pick apart just one section because you would be missing everything that came before and after and they are all connected (ex: putting on a light to see the darkness. It’s continuous, the darkness into the light.) o Habits and instincts: habits – learned patterns of behaviour; habits are formed as an activity is repeated; leads to muscle memory, lighting up the same neural path ways o Self: the empirical self – the “me” of personality, everything that a person could call their own (physiological, psychological, and material things summed together) Self-esteem: ratio of things attempted to things achieved; you increase self-esteem by achieving more or attempting less o Free Will: believed in free will and felt it should be studied
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