English 212 Week One Notes
English 212 Week One Notes Engl 212
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by randomchic12 on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Engl 212 at Louisiana Tech University taught by Dr. Robert Rudnicki in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Introduction to American Literature in Foreign Language at Louisiana Tech University.
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Date Created: 03/20/16
1 English 212 Week One Notes 1. “The Iroquois Creation Story” a. Story of how everything was created. Twins born (one good and other evil). Good twin created all that was good (sun, moon, stars, bodies of water, animals, humans, etc.) while evil twin created/did things that would harm humans (reptiles, mountains, convinced the monsters to come out of hiding). Twins fought to determine who governs the universe. Good twin won and sent bad twin down to eternal doom (hell) by defeating him with his weakness (horns). 2. Christopher Columbus: from “Letter to Santangel Regarding the First Voyage” a. Letter written by Columbus to a friend that tells of his journey conquering new lands. He met strange people with whom he couldn’t talk to because of language barriers and wandered/roamed around to see the sights and take in all his surroundings. Describes in great detail the beauty of the islands by describing native animals, fruits, plants, and landscape. 3. Alvar Nunez Cabeza De Vaca: from “The Relation of…” a. Tells the story of what happened to him during his nine years of captivity. Describes the different tribes of Indians’ he lived with ways of life and day to day living arrangements (marriage customs, strange customs, clothing (or lack thereof)). Food and water was scarce and they went around naked which caused sunburns that resulted in their skin peeling/shedding often. They bled often from doing everyday work like collecting wood. Located a group of Christians but had a falling out with them since the Christians wanted to make the Indians slaves. Left the Indian tribes and went with Christians because he was arrested. 4. John Smith: from “A Description of New England” a. Describes how great the New World. Trying to persuade people to come to the New World by promising its full of amazing opportunities. Saying that the people deserve more to life than simple minded tasks or just trying to survive. Promises that New World is full of opportunities like employment, education, better quality of life. The New World has an abundance of resources that are at your beck and call and you’re free to do what you please because there’s no taxes or fees. Everything they could ever need or want is available for the taking. Trying to persuade others that moving to the New World would not only benefit themselves but others who live and work there too because if more people moved there then there’d be more to work the land, gather resources, and collect food. 5. William Bradford: from “Of Plymouth Plantation” a. Describes voyage on the Mayflower, troubles they endured while passing overseas, and the troublesome task of starting a new life once they arrived at Cape Cod. They had difficult beginnings building homes, scavenging for food, and dealing with natives. They began looking and collecting resources that would help build homes and other places, planted crops for food, and expanded their territory for more space. It was a difficult time for them to start fresh in a new land where there was little known about the place, resources, food, and natives but they banded together to prosper with the help of God. 2 6. John Winthrop: “A Model of Christianity Charity” a. Sermon given by Winthrop that basically says since they’re going to the New World to start a new town they each have to agree to be model examples of Christian charity. They should be charitable people by giving, sharing, and being kind to each other and outsiders as well. They should share what they have even if what they have isn’t much and they need to show love to one another just as God has shown love to them. Winthrop says they need to be selfless and help others by being charitable and giving just as God is. He uses language that has to do with knitting or knitting needles often (e.g. knit together). 7. Anne Bradstreet: “Here Follows Some Verses” a. Bradstreet’s house burned down during the night and they lost all possessions. When she passed the ruins/remains of her home she evaded her eyes so that she didn’t have to see what was once her home is just a pile of ash now. Towards beginning of poem she was in distress, depressed, horrified but near the middle she makes a transition towards being hopeful and peaceful. At end of poem she makes peace with her home burning down because she’s grateful to God that her life and her family’s lives were spared. 8. Mary Rowlandson: from “A Narrative of the Captivity and Restoration of” [read all including the “Removes”] a. Indians raid Rowlandson’s home and capture her as well as and family members. Story of what occurred during Rowlandson’s captivity. Removes similar to chapters; represents every time she was removed from one location and located to another. She was taken from her family and forced to live with the Indians in the woods and they moved a lot because they didn’t want to be caught. Rowlandson was physically removed from the Puritan village and was being further removed from her faith (her faith was tested more and more during her capture). She maintains her faith and as a result she was released and returned home. This story was inspiration to many people when it was written because it showed other people that if she can get through it then they can too. 9. Edward Taylor: “Huswifery” a. Huswifery domestic work (housekeeping like cooking, cleaning, etc.). Poem is like a metaphor (an exaggerated version) that refers to weaving to represent his spiritual journey in life. Taylor compares spiritual journey (or path to heaven) to housework processes such as weaving. Taylor uses parts of spinning wheel (such as distaff, flyers, spool, and reel) as metaphor to ask God to make him a better Christian so that he can live for God. 10. Cotton Mather: “The Wonders of the Invisible World” a. Describes a case against a person accused of witchcraft during the Salem witchcraft trials and Mather’s point of view of such trials. Mather believed witchcraft to be the devil’s work and a last ditch effort to undermine the Puritan ideal. The case describes the account of Martha Carrier who was accused of witchcraft because people believed she inflicted pain and sickness as well as killed their healthy cattle because there was no natural/explainable cause. 3 11. Nathaniel Hawthorne: “The Minister’s Black Veil” a. Minister (Mr. Hooper) wears a black veil everywhere (sermons, funerals, weddings) and doesn’t explain why. People around him are on edge and weirded/creeped out because he always wears the veil. Everyone avoids/turns against him because they assume he’s hiding from secret sin or did so something shameful/sinful that he feels guilty and has to hide. He wore the veil the rest of his life and still refused to take it off even on his deathbed. There was never a reason given in the text why he wore the veil and never took it off but there were many assumptions from other people (as well as other readers of the story). Some assumptions could be that he was trying to prove a point, hid out of guilt from his own sin, or hid not from his sins but from other people’s sins.
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