New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 7 Notes

by: Paola Araque

Week 7 Notes PHL 223

Paola Araque
GPA 3.29

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

these notes cover the lecture from Dr. Rachels only for week 7
Medical Ethics
Stuart Rachels
Class Notes
medical ethics
25 ?




Popular in Medical Ethics

Popular in PHIL-Philosophy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paola Araque on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 223 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Stuart Rachels in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Medical Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


Reviews for Week 7 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/20/16
Lecture    ❖ Some might say: Abortion is bad but shouldn't be illegal  ❖ Do 1­3 apply?  ➢ Abortion isn't bad enough... some people might think so.  ➢  It's nobody else's business...doubtful, since qualms about abortion come from  concern for the fetus.  ➢  bad consequences of outlawing abortion... Unsafe abortions, social unrest, and  hard on the poor.  ❖ During the 1960's over 1,000 American women died from illegal abortions (infections,  unsterile conditions, etc.)  ❖ American Law  ➢ Congress makes the laws  ➢ The Supreme Court interprets the laws and the history of how other courts have  interpreted them  ➢ The police and forces them  ➢ Civil law vs. criminal law   ■ Slander→ saying something that is unjustified towards someone else's  reputation. ex.Johnny rapes prohibitcivil laws   ■ Murder by criminal laws.  ■ Criminal things are more offensive “big stuff”  ■ Civil and criminal law differ in terms of:  ●  how things get started (1)  ● the accuser (2)  ● possible punishments (3)  ● how much evidence is needed to convict (4)   ❖ Criminal……………………………………….. Civil  ➢ Arrest……………………………….....files a lawsuit  ➢ Government (only) ex. US. v Doe…..Citizen typically  ➢ Jail, pay govt………………………… citizen  ➢ Beyond reasonable doubt…………...preponderance of evidence (51%)  ❖ Read up on OJ Simpson Case   ❖ Federal Law→counterfeiting is a federal crime  ❖ State Law→assault is a state crime  ❖ State Court System:  ➢ State Trial Courts (a right to appeal to)→intermediate appellate courts  ➢ discretionary appeals to→state supreme courts, which then goes to the U.S.  Supreme Court  ❖ Federal Court System:  ➢ Federal District Courts (trial courts)→right to appeal to→circuit courts of appeals   ➢ Discretionary appeals to→U.S. Supreme Court  ❖ U.S. Supreme Court:  ➢ Highest interpreter of U.S. Law  ➢ 9 justices  ➢ Appointed for their whole life  ➢ Nominated by the president, confirmed by the senate  ➢ Vice president breaks ties  ❖ The Justices  ➢ Conservatives:  ■ John G. Roberts (W. Bush) (1955­) calm  ■ Samuel Alito (W. Bush) (1950­70)  ■ Clarence Thomas (Bush Sr.) (1948­) doesn’t say much  ■ Antonin Scalia (Reagan) (1936­) controversial, clever  ■ Anthony Kennedy (Reagan) (1936­) most likely to go either way  ➢ Liberals  ■ Ruth Bader Ginsburg (Clinton) (1933­) oldest, had cancer  ■ Stephen Breyer (Clinton) (1938­) got robbed in Jamaica  ■ Sonia Sotomayor (Obama) (1954­) Latina  ■ Elena Kagan (Obama) (1960­)  ❖ Conservative Court  ❖ Abortion Law has both Federal and State inputs.   ❖ The Supreme Court sets limits: states decide within those limits  ❖ 1865­1960: abortion was illegal in most states  ❖ Abortion was the #1 issue of the women’s movement in the 60’s and 70’s   ❖ Unprotected sex= 5% chance of pregnancy   ❖ 18% of men aged 18­29 think “pulling out” is a form of contraception.   ❖ 47% of pregnancies are unintended   ❖ Every night +1,000,000 women have unprotected sex who don’t want a baby  ❖ Each year 25,000+ women become pregnant from a sexual assault  ❖ Oral birth control methods:  ➢ The pill prevents fertilization (1960)  ➢ Plan B→high dose of the pill  ■ Take 3 days after sex  ■ Prevents fertilized egg from implanting in utervive wall.  ■ Cuts risk to 1 in 40 by 2.5%  ➢ Ella (emergency contraceptive):  ■ Prescription needed  ■ Works 5 days after  ■ Cuts risk to 2%  ❖ Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)  ➢ Griswold said contraception laws were unconstitutional   ■ Leader of planned parenthood  ➢ In Connecticut, at this time, all contraception was illegal  ■ You can’t even distribute information about it.   ➢ The Court held→you can’t do it because it violates privacy between husband and  wife in their procreative decisions.   ❖ Jane Roe v. Wade (1973)  ➢ At this time, abortion was only legal if the baby posed a threat to the mother  ➢ This case legalized abortion  ➢ 7­2 majority  ➢ The Court held→legally, the fetus is not a person  ■ A (legal) person can…  ● Own property  ● Bring suit or be sued  ● Have a will  ● Inherit wealth  ● Corporations are persons, not fetuses 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.