New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Cinema: History and Criticism, Week 9

by: annazeberlein

Cinema: History and Criticism, Week 9 ENGL 212

Marketplace > College of Charleston > Foreign Language > ENGL 212 > Cinema History and Criticism Week 9
C of C
GPA 3.4

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These are the notes for the week of 3/15-3/17, covering film editing and The Graduate.
Cinema: History and Criticism
Dr. Colleen Glenn
Class Notes
Cinema, film history, film criticism, film editing
25 ?




Popular in Cinema: History and Criticism

Popular in Foreign Language

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by annazeberlein on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 212 at College of Charleston taught by Dr. Colleen Glenn in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Cinema: History and Criticism in Foreign Language at College of Charleston.


Reviews for Cinema: History and Criticism, Week 9


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/20/16
Cinema: History and Criticism, Week 9 Film Editing - Editing – the process of selecting and joining film footage and shots together o Coordination of one shot with the next o One of the most important components of film - How the shots are joined together is the decision of the editor - Done as part of the post production process - Now done digitally as opposed to literally cutting strips of film - Editing defies our normal, every day experiences, allows us to manipulate space and time and move in it o But this doesn’t disorient us - Editing is done in such a way as to be invisible o Cutting can be used to create a realistic effect, despite how unrealistic it is in our every day life o It can be done to hyper dramatize events - Short history of editing o 1895-1918  Muybridge and Marey were the pioneers  Stop motion photography used to create a sense of edting o 1919-1929  Soviet montage comes around in this era  Deliberately political (supporting the communist revolution, used to spread their message and garner support)  Propaganda films  Montage is a French word for editing  Its now considered a style where the cuts are exaggerated and noticeable on purpose  Arises from the collision of independent shots  Certain cuts would be put together to force the viewer to put the meaning of them together o 1930-1959  America is consistently conservative  Editing developed greatly in the studio era, there was a consistent practice sequence of editing, sound, cinematography o 1960-1989  Once we move past the studio system, there’s a more modern theme in editing, it becomes more experimental  Influenced by European filmmakers o 1990s-present  The digital age of editing  The average shot length has gotten much shorter  Attention span  Increased use of CGI  Anyone can make a film (availability of film technology) - Elements of editing o The cuts – foundation of editing  The join or splice between two separate shots or scenes o Transitions and how shots are joined together  Fade out – image gradually darkens until black when the image disappears  Fade in – image gradually lightens from black  Dissolve – image partially fades and a new image takes its place (soft transition, often indicates memory)  Iris in  Iris out  Wipe – one shot replaces another shot with a line between them that moves across the screen, literally pushing one shot out of the frame  Many of these transitions indicate that time and/or space has passed o Continuity editing  Tells a story efficiently with minimal effort from the viewer  Immersing ourselves in the fantasy  One of the basic principles is that one shot has a direct relation to the next shot  Rules of continuity editing  Graphic qualities are similar from shot to shot o Figures are balanced, action is central  The longer the shot, the longer the shot is left onscreen, it has a rhythm  An establishing shot creates a 180 degree line, establishes setting, orients viewer as to where the action is happening with the characters  Approximates the experience of real time by following human action  The axis of action (180 degree line)  No violation of spacial principles  Consistent eye lines, screen direction The Graduate (1967 – Mike Nichols) - a direct result of the turmoil of the 60’s o political and social unrest and violence (Vietnam War protests) o Kennedy’s assassination - On the verge of the 70’s, a very “me” centered generation - A universal “coming of age” story - Tight framing of Ben, emphasizing his feeling of claustrophobia - He’s constantly getting put on display, and maybe this is why he chooses to be with Mrs. Robinson because he gets to do something secret - Everything is the same for Ben o Mrs. Robinson is what changes things - He can’t live doing what he wants to do or do what his parents want him to do - Mrs. Robinson is really just very lonely, trapped in a loveless marriage, which is part of the reason she doesn’t want him going after Elaine, because she doesn’t want to be left behind. o She resents her daughter, blaming her for taking away her life and her freedom  She punishes her by forcing her into a marriage she doesn’t want


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.