Intro to Anthropology, Week 10 Notes
Intro to Anthropology, Week 10 Notes ANTH 1101 - 002
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nicole Sanacore on Sunday March 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 1101 - 002 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Gregory S. Starrett in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Intro to Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
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Date Created: 03/20/16
ANTH 1101 – Week 10 Notes Chapter 15 health – a state of physical, emotional, and mental well-being together with an absence of disease or disability that would interfere with such well-being medical anthropology – the specialty of anthropology that concerns itself with human health – the factors that contribute to disease or illness and the ways that human populations deal with disease or illness biomedicine – Western forms of medical knowledge and practice based on biological science disease – forms of biological impairment identified and explained within the discourse of biomedicine suffering – the forms of physical, mental, or emotional distress experienced by individuals who may or may not subscribe to biomedical understandings of disease sickness – classifications of physical, mental, and emotional distress recognized by members of a particular cultural community culture-bound syndromes – sicknesses (and the therapies to relieve them) that are unique to a particular cultural group illness – a suffering person’s own understanding of their distress syndemic – the combined effects on a population of more than one disease, the effects of which are exacerbated by poor nutrition, social instability, violence, or other stressful environmental factors. adaptation – adjustments by an organism (or groups or organisms) that help them cope with environmental challenges of various kinds biocultural adaptations – human cultural practices influenced by natural selection on genes that affect human health maladaptation – an adjustment by an organism (or group of organisms) that undermines the ability to cope with environmental challenges of various kinds self – the result of the process of socialization/enculturation for an individual subjectivity – the felt interior experience of the person that includes their position in a field of relational power trauma – events in the life generated by forces and agents external to the person and largely external to their control; specifically, events generated in the setting of armed conflict and war structural violence – violence that results from the way that political and economic forces structure risk for various forms of suffering within a population cosmopolitan medicine – a more accurate way to refer to Western biomedical systems adopted by people in non-Western societies around the world ethnomedical systems – alternative medical systems based on practices of local sociocultural groups medical pluralism – the coexistence of ethnomedical systems alongside cosmopolitan medicine embodied inequality- the physical toll that inequality takes on people’s bodies social exclusion – the processes through which individuals or groups are excluded from material resources and societal belonging…on multiple levels of political economy biosociality – social identities based on a shared medical diagnosis health activism – political organization around a biosocial identity in order to demand health- related interventions by the state or other organizations biological citizenship – government recognition of citizens’ health needs and to intervene on their behalf Lecture – March 14 foragers diet – food found in their environment (fruit, berries, nuts, roots, hunted animals) social life – egalitarian ecological context subsistence – getting what they need to survive role conflict production/reproduction average !Kung birth spacing is 44 months !Kung birth control post-partum sex taboos (a couple cannot have sex for a year after the birth of their child) abortifacients infanticide post-partum amenorrhea – menstruation stops for a period of time after giving birth o amenorrhea – menstruation stops for a period of time after puberty Rose Frisch – critical fat hypothesis menstruation will stop if there is not enough fat in the body to healthily have a period prolactin – hormone that stimulates the production of milk; suppresses the period !Kung women breast feed their children until they are about 3 or 4 years old. The almost constant production of prolactin induces prolonged post-partum amenorrhea, explaining the wide birth spacing that the !Kung have despite not having birth control.