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Myah Bednar IV
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Myah Bednar IV on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT171 at Central Michigan University taught by RachelWolpoff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see /class/218925/ant171-central-michigan-university in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Anthropology 171 Study Guide for Exam 3 CONCEPTS The following study questions should help organize the concepts covered in the nal third of the class The subquestions should help you focus on important points Use information from lectures readings and discussion to formulate your answers If you can explain these concepts to a friend you are in good shape 1 What does it mean to be human What characteristics or traits are unique to humans What traits are unique to hominids Are these the same thing Why not 2 Be able to discussrecognize the locomotor dietary and socialcognitive adaptations of hominids How do these appear in the skeleton When do we see evidence of them in the fossil record Do they all evolve together at the same time A What are a few of the morphological features of the pelvis leg and foot associated with bipedalism Be able to recognize them B What kinds of dental changes are associated with hominids Be able to recognize them C What kinds of features are associated with culture Think of the brain maturation rates and longevity Think of tools and art 3 What are some of the models or scenarios used to explain the origin of the hominids Compare and contrast Man the Hunter models with other provisioning food sharing models 4 How could bipedalism evolve in an arboreal ancestor What are the Pros and Cons of bipedalism 5 What is the con ict between bipedalism and human birth sometimes called the obstetric dilemma When in the past does this first become problematic and what are the implications for human culture Think about brain size maturation and assisted births 6 Draw a phylogeny of hominid evolution from 6mya to present 7 you can use the one we did in class or one you might like better though you must be able to defend it It must include A afarensis A afrz39canus A robustus Ab0isei H habilis H erectus H sapz39ens Where are these found what time period and what are a couple of their characteristic features What if any tools are associated with them Where do Neandertals fit on your chart 7 How does the pattern of hominid variation change after the emergence of Homo about 2 mya Think about habitats geographic range and morphological variation maybe numbers of species 8 What are the two major theories about the origin of modern humans Multiregional Evolution and Recent African Origin How are they different What macroevolutionary models are important to each one think about gradualism vs punctuated equilibrium 9 Who were the Neandertals Where and when did they live What were some of their characteristics and adaptations Why are they important in the Modern Human Origin debates 10 What is a modern human Is it a morphological physical characteristic or is it behavioral What kinds of behaviors does the Upper Paleolithic re ect l 1 What are some of the scars of human evolution How has our evolutionary past affected our lives today 12 How is evolution acting on populations today What are the major selective pressures acting on our species Think in terms of population density and infectious disease and in terms of selection pressures caused by humans themselves TERMS You should know the meaning and signi cance of the following terms Hominid Characteristics Evidence for Bipedalism Pelvis Femur Foot Spine Skull Short ared ilium knee in Big toe Arched foot Curved spine Foramen magnum position Parabolic dental arcade Canine premolar complex Thicker molar enamel Encephalization Toolsartifactsalt Paleoanthropology Paleoecology Taphonomy Dating relative and chronometric absolute Core Flake Key Sites Where are they and what kinds of hominids are found there Aramis Hadar Laetoli footprints Turkana Olduvai Taung Sterkfontein Swartkrans Zhokoudian Fossils Know where they are found in what time period they lived and one or two characteristic features biological and cultural How do the australopithcines and ardipith t into the sets on pg293 Ardipithecus Australopithecus afarensis Lucy A Africanus A robustus A boisei H habilis early homo H erectus Nariokotome Boy H sapiens Neandertals Modern Humans Geology Archeology Behavior Miocene 7 rst hominids Pliocence Pleistocene Ch 12 Lower Paleolithic Industries Oldowan Acheulean Middle Paleolithic Industries Mousterian Upper Paleolithic Industries Art Body Omamentation Burials Life History Traits why are they important Maturation Longevity
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