Normal SpLang Acquisition
Normal SpLang Acquisition CDO 130
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Modesto Osinski on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CDO 130 at Central Michigan University taught by Mary Beth Smith in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/218937/cdo-130-central-michigan-university in Communication Disorders & Sciences at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Speech and Language Disorders 10 of the US population have speech language or hearing problems Prevalence figures vary depending on age gender racialethnic background and even geographic region Normal vs Impaired VanRiper and Erickson offer this definition Speech is impaired when it deviates so far from the speech of other people that it 1 Calls attention to itself 2 Interferes with communication 3 Provokes distress in the speaker or the listener The Classification of Communication Disorders Symptoms 1 Phonological disorders 2 Language impairments 3 Voice disorders 4 Fluency disorders Causesetiologies 1 Organic 2 Functional Phonological Disorders Articulation disorders vs Phonological Disorders Articulation Phonology Language Impairments Developmental and or acquired disorders andor delays principally characterized by deficits andor immaturities in the use of spoken or written language for comprehension andor production purposes that may involve the form content andor function of language Brain Injury Traumatic Brain Injury TBI Cerebrovascular accident CVA Language Disorders cont a Learning disabilities 0 Hearing lossdeafness Voice Disorders A disordered voice can have problems with one or more of the following 1 Pitch 2 Loudness 3 Quality Pitch Problems 1 Too high 2 Toolow 3 Monotonous Loudness Problems 1 Too loud 2 Too weakno voice is called Aphonia Quality Problems Resonance disorders too nasal lack nasality 2 Laryngeal Tone disorders voice can be harsh or breathy hoarse Fluency Disorders Any disorder characterized by hesitations repetitions of speech segments or prolongations of sounds that impede the forward flow of speech
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