9/2/2015 HIST 1312 - 001
Popular in HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES, 1865 TO PRESENT
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebekah Messer on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1312 - 001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kenyon W Zimmer in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES, 1865 TO PRESENT in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
The Politics and Reconstructions The Defeated South P PWN 260000 dead 20 of men of military age 190000 injured Widespread Destruction Collapse of Cotton Market The Freedmen 1 4 million former slaves 2 No land or property of their own Democratic Party Republican Party Supporters Farmers Southern Whites Catholic Immigrants Supporters Northern Industry Protestants Abolitionist Issues AntiSlavery Stronger federal Gov ProTariff Global currency Abraham Lincoln 1 4 Assassinated April 14 1865 2 Five days after Robert E Lee surrender 3 Four days after publicly promoting black suffrage for the rst time Eight months before 13th amendment was rati ed President Andrew Johnson gt Uquot39gtWquotquot VicePresident under Lincoln 18641865 Southern Democrat Opposed Succession Openly Racist Opposed to suffrage for freed slaves Presidential Reconstruction 18651866 Restored all property to former slave owners Radical Reconstruction 18661877 1 Left Wing of Republican Party 2 Controlled Congress 3 Supported equal rights and suffrage for Freedmen What i 1 Ac quotWhat is freedom Is it the bare privilege of not being chained If this is all then freedom is a bitter mockery a cruel delusionquot Congressman b Control of one s own 1 labor 2 time 3 family life c Land I quotForty Acres and a mulequot 2 According to former slave owners d Political social and economic white supremacy e Control over laborers laborers time 3 According to Freedmen bureau a Legal Equality b But possibly segregated institutions c Suffrage for Freemen right to vote d quotFree Laborquot e Based on ideal of northern industrial wage labor Former Slaves Former Slave Owners Temporary Political Temporary Political Enfranchisement Disenfranchisement No land or property as Restoration of land and compensation property Emergence of Sharecropping Emergence of Sharecropping System system o The Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the US 1870 a quotThe right of citizens of the US to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the US or by and state on account of race color or previous condition of servitudequot 0 Political Freedom b More than 2000 black candidates elected to political of ce in the South 18701877 0 Economic Poverty 1 1850518705 I Sothern white income declined 35 2 After 1865 Southern blacks denied most access to land credit higher education professional occupations II No Economic mobility 3 19005 I Southern per capita income 50 that of national average
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