9/9/2015 HIST 1312 - 001
Popular in HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES, 1865 TO PRESENT
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rebekah Messer on Monday October 5, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1312 - 001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kenyon W Zimmer in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES, 1865 TO PRESENT in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 10/05/15
Expansion And The End Of The quotFrontierquot Key Terms 1 Homestead Act 2 quotBuffalo Billquot Cody 3 quotRobber Baronsquot Homestead Act 1862 1 Up to 160 acres of free land from federal government gt Had to work and live on the land for ve years gt Less than half succeeded o The quotWild Westquot 1 Ranching gt Cowboys 2 Mining gt quotBoomtownsquot 3 Connected to Eastern market by railroads 4 Only lasted about two decades 5 Barbed Wire gt Invented in US in 1870 s gt End of the quotOpen rangequot 6 1890 End of the quotFrontierquot o Railroads and quotRobber Baronsquot 1 JP Morgan gt Hired substitute for Civil War gt Purchased old ri es for 1150 each sold back to Army for 22 Also speculated on commodities during war gt Investment banker Underwrote 24 railroad lines 2 John D Rockefeller gt Hired a substitute gt Founded standard oil in 1870 gt Oil primarily used for lubrication on trains and other machinery 3 Jay Gould gt 1869 attempted to corner gold market to drive up railroad pro ts gt 18705 controlled four major railroads 4 Cornelius Vanderbilt gt Moved from owning steamboats to railroads 5 Andrew Carnegie gt Began career as railroad telegrapher gt 187039s began producing iron for railroads gt One of the richest men in the US 0 quotBuffalo Billquot Cody 1 Union solider and quotIndian ghter 2 Kansas Paci c Railroad gt Killed 4282 bison in 18 months 186768 3 1872 began quotWild Westquot shows 0 Ecological Change 1 American Bison quotBuffaloquot gt 1840 355 million gt 1900 500 2 California Grizzly Bear gt Hunted to extinction by 192039s 3 Grey Wolves gt Almost extinct by 193039s 0 From Agriculture to Industry 1 1880 gt First time most Americans worked in nonfarming jobs 2 1890 gt 23 of adults worked for wages
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